Republic vs Democracy (Principle part 2)


The dividing line to define a nation

Structure of 

Rolf A. F. Witzsche



A Republic is not a Democracy

The 16 element structure has a long historic background, but the division as shown above is a recent one that was put into place in the late 1800s by a new England woman. (See: Interrelationships)  Briefly, for level have been scribed as:

The higher order
science the spiritual
moral the transitional
empire the face of depravity

In the above figure a line is drawn through the center of the moral domain, that makes it transitional. The line divides the three lower rows into an upper half (light green) and a lower half (dark blue). Anything above the line is defined by scientific progression, and below a regression into insanity, the opposite of science and all that is spiritual. Above the moral line, the line that one should not cross but move away from in scientific and spiritual development, unfolds the human domain in which the moral develops into the spiritual in the 'rivers' of science. Below the line, the sub-moral domain trends towards utter depravity and inhumanity.

The question arises, on which side of the line does one find the Republic located and on which side, the Democracy?

It all depends on what the terms mean to us. The delineation is often blurred. The following is a brief overview.

A republic is a form of government in which the head of state is not a monarch and the people (or at least a part of its people) have an impact on its government. The word "republic" is derived from the Latin phrase res publica, which can be translated as "a public affair"....

Both modern and ancient republics vary widely in their ideology and composition. The most common definition of a republic is a state without a monarch. In republics such as the United States and France the executive is legitimated both by a constitution and by popular suffrage. In the United States, Founding Fathers like James Madison defined republic in terms of representative democracy as opposed to direct democracy, and this usage is still employed by many viewing themselves as "republicans". In modern political science, republicanism refers to a specific ideology that is based on civic virtue and is considered distinct from ideologies such as liberalism....

Most often a republic is a sovereign country, but there are also subnational entities that are referred to as republics. For instance, Article IV of the Constitution of the United States "guarantee[s] to every State in this Union a Republican form of Government." The Soviet Union was a single nation composed of distinct and legally sovereign Soviet Socialist Republics....

As Machiavelli wrote, the distinction between an aristocracy ruled by a select elite and a democracy ruled by a council appointed by the people became cumbersome....

The concept of the "republic" itself was not a meaningful concept in the classical world. There are number of states of the classical era that are today by convention called republics. These include the city states of ancient Greece such as Athens and Sparta and the Roman Republic (which became an empire). The structure and governance of these states was very different from that of any modern republic. (see:

It appears that a republic is neither a monarchy, aristocracy, or a democracy, or else, why would one need a special name for it? So what is a republic that makes it distinct from either of the three? It appears that the answer to the question is defined by how the four types relate to the moral line in principle, and beyond that, by the degree to which the four types reflect the order of the Universe.

The order of the Universe reflects a type of rule that is harmonizing and constructive - that is neither arbitrary nor autocratic, but is absolute in the sense that it is totally focused on the general welfare of the whole so that nothing happens that endangers the whole, diminishes the whole, and hinders its constant progressive universal unfolding. All of this should also be reflected in the self-government of mankind. The autocracy of a monarchy falls far short. If it drops below the moral line, which it typically does and becomes self-serving, it is an evil. The same can be said about government by aristocracy. In this case, a wider circle becomes self-serving, to the detriment of the whole. A pure democracy is basically not much different either, with the small exception that the ruling elite is typically bought by the oligarchy that runs the world from behind the scene with its money bags. We see a lot of that today in many places around the world. The entire Euro zone is run this way. This leaves the term republic for capturing what the other types of government are not. It would be in principle a type of government where the self-serving class becomes the nation itself. A nation would promote thereby whatever is in its universal interest. 

Economically, a republic would operate as a national credit society - a society that owns its own currency and issues itself financial credits for its self-development - versus a society in a monetarist system where the economic lifeblood is owned by private (self-serving) enterprises, typically called banks.

Socially, the same principle would apply. A people is a nation's greatest asset. Whatever would be needed to maximize the creative and productive potential of this asset would be created in a republic (and would not be created by any other system.) This includes high quality housing, education, health care, culture - all created in the most efficient manner for the whole, including also transportation, power, and farming infrastructures. The focus would not be on cost, but onto the benefits towards developing the human potential. In such such system the recurring question would be, what do we need to fulfill this mandate to ourselves? And the answer would be: Let's do it!

Such a system that would invariably be called a republic, would be primarily governed by its a acknowledged principles laid down in a constitution, and only to the extend of the details involved in fulfilling the nation's commitment to itself, can a government become essentially democratic. Democratic, in this sense, doesn't mean a system of counting votes, but implies a system of consultation and discovery of the most efficient principles that a apply to a given situation. Under these parameters, a republic would be operating miles above the moral line. The fact that this happens extremely seldom in practice, so that no clear examples exist, is the likely reason why the distinctions between the terms blur.

In practice the blurring is so extreme the terms themselves have become meaningless. We now see republics (by name) having become fascist, which is essentially a contradiction in terms. So, the terms have become meaningless. But the moral line still remains. In many respects, it is a fine line especially when the definitions are blurred as to what a government is. The farther a society gets away from universal principles, the closer it operates near the moral line that thereby becomes easily crossed. The environment that one finds typically near the moral line is one of indifference, and it doesn't take much for indifference to cross the line and become disdain and greed. It took Adolf Hitler a half a dozen years along this road to drag much of Germany with him into the sewer of fascism.

The healing of the world from its collapse ever deeper into fascism, poverty, war, terror, and economic disintegration, involves essentially a healing of the term 'republic.' And this healing needs to be in the heart. When Benjamin Franklin said about the USA, "I give you a republic if you can keep it," did he mean with that, 'if the ideal of the republic can be kept in the heart?' Evidently that is what he meant, because it is in the heart where the term is defined, and if the heart sits too low, the noblest name looses it meaning.



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