Infrastructures - Rolf A. F. Witzsche

Infrastructure is
what increases the power of humanity


Satellite image by NASA

Dimensions of the Principle of Least Action


In the early days of civilization mankind learned to utilize rivers as natural pathways for inland transportation. Thereby the rivers became an infrastructure for transportation. The need was for transportation. By mankind's discovering the means for utilizing the rivers, the rivers became a part of a transportation infrastructure, together with the boat builder, the river navigators, and the supplier of the materials required.  The use of this infrastructure gave man increased power to access and develop the available natural resources. This rule applies to the nature of all infrastructures, though the specific needs, and the dimensions, and the nature of the challenges have changed.

In today's world it becomes increasingly important to utilize the unused productive potential of our world. In North America, half the continent falls into this category of "unused productive potential." This unused potential is evident by the non-green part that dominates much of the western USA, Mexico, and some parts of the food producing regions of Canada. The goal therefore is to develop the unused potential. Since this isn't happening on its own, an infrastructure is required that gives us the power to achieve what is logically desired as a means for society to uplift the productive capacity of itself and its territory, and to thereby create a rich world for human living. For this we require infrastructures that enrich the biosphere on which a rich standard of living depends.

A richly productive biosphere is one that is green, not brown and barren. Green is the color of a productive biosphere that is key to the human food chain. Therefore, one of the most fundamental component of the infrastructure for human living is the humble chlorophyll molecule that converts the energy of sunlight into life-energy, thereby powering almost the entire living system on our planet, us included. If we want to eat, we need plants in which the chlorophyll is productively active. Thus, by developing and utilizing agriculture, the chlorophyll has become an infrastructure for us. In order for this infrastructure to become as productive for us as it can be, we provide as much as we can of the inputs it needs, such as water, minerals in the soil, fertilizer, carbon dioxide in the air, and so in. 

Then water-supply system become infrastructures in areas where does not exist naturally or is insufficient. The water-supply systems thereby become a requirement for which we need another type of enabling  infrastructure. When water needs to be transported to higher altitudes, then we need a power-infrastructure that enables us to facilitate the required process. And in order that make the required power infrastructure possible, we need a scientific and technological infrastructure for developing, producing, and operating nuclear power complexes, and to make that possible we need an education infrastructure, and for this to be efficient we need a social infrastructure with quality housing, health care, cultural pursuits, and quality food.

All of these underlying infrastructures are a part of the larger infrastructure for making the North American Continent efficiently productive. Not a single one of these underlying infrastructures can be left out. Nuclear power is a part the irrigation infrastructure. It is needed to pump-lift most of the water that is needed from its source in low-altitude areas to the higher elevations where the need for water exists. In some areas massive amounts of nuclear power will be needed. This infrastructure presently does not exists, nor the infrastructure to build and operate the plants. Neither does the housing infrastructure exist in the areas that are intended to be made productive. Brand new cities need to be build in theses areas, and for that the infrastructures must be created that enables the building of them, and the building of them so fast and so efficiently in automated processes that they can be provided for free in large quantities in the new areas that are to be brought on line, for which services are also required that people need, and infrastructures must provide, from the baker to the dentist and so on. 

All of these challenges can be met. On the road to meeting them new materials, production methods, and power sources are required that meet the criterion of the Least Action Principle that the universe itself utilizes for the efficient fulfillment of its objectives. This means, Free Houses by the Millions.

When one talks about the NAWAPA project (North American Water and Power Alliance) in the modern realistic sense, the higher concept of the North American Water and Power Alliance then comes to light in the form of a conceptual infrastructure for empowering society to up-lift half of the North American continent towards a richer standard of living in a richer biosphere (the two are the same). When this concept of infrastructure unfolds in society's perception, then the concept no longer includes just water-transfer schemes, but a total infrastructure with all supporting infrastructures standing below it, all the way down to an enhanced education-environment for the school kids and a corresponding richer environment for the families, and for individuals, and so on. 

Also the scale of the project must match the scale of the challenge. The old NAWAPA project, for example, doesn't begin to cut it in today's world. It envisioned 2,400 cubic meters per second (cm/s) of artic water to be pump-lifted and channeled through the Rocky Mountain Trench into the Northwest US states. and all the way down to Mexico. To date, two thirds of the water that was planned to be diverted is no longer available, as it has been dedicated to the Peace River hydroelectric development project that didn't exist in the 1960s when the NAWAPA project was first envisioned. Nor were the continental needs envisioned as they are envisioned to day. To meet the continental needs, larger sources must be developed. 

One might for example build a thousand-mile canal to channel the Mackenzie River that flows into the Arctic Ocean, into the Great Lakes. Such a canal would transfer up to 30,000 cm/s south during the five months of the melting season in the North. The water would then be available for distribution from the Great Lakes to wherever it is needed. For this project the source of the water would be in the 500 to 600 feet range of elevation and the destination at roughly the same altitude. The water could be transferred for such a project in canals 200 meters wide and 50 meters deep, which would in the end yield  8,000 cubic meters per second averaged over the year. This kind of project is physically possible and requires minimal amounts of power to be operated, but would we get a big enough 'bang' for the effort?

The main criterion for every infrastructure project, from water systems all the way down to housing and human development, is to get the biggest 'bang' for the effort required. For the Mackenzie River diversion, the benefit simply wouldn't be worth the effort. 

A much simpler and more powerful method for meeting the needs of fresh water across the North American continent would be to build a dam that closes off the North end of James Bay (the lower tip of Hudson Bay) and let the massive inflow of water from the surrounding rivers turn the fenced off portion into a freshwater lake. The supply potential for the continental water requirement would be many times larger than what the Mackenzie River has in store for us. The James Bay water, then, could serve as source for a continent-wide water distribution network, right from the new lake. 

Under the Least Action Principle, this option would create a much more acceptable project as relatively little in physical construction would be required (in comparison with the Mackenzie canal.). A nuclear powered pipeline distribution system would then take the water from there. The project would have a significant expansion potential that would meet the continental needs for a few years, especially when the entire Hudson Bay would be 'fenced' off, which is possible for nearly the same effort, which would then yield the greatest freshwater supply system in the world, short of the Amazon. Hudson Bay is a shallow bay, roughly 300 feet deep on average. Damming the bay is achievable. But would such a project be efficient enough? Would it meet the Least Action criterion for the biggest 'bang'?

A more efficient project would be one that develops the Amazon River for world-wide distribution via a network of submerged reservoirs and distribution hoses made of impregnated, woven basalt fibers. No super-strong separation structures are required for transporting water in water. On this platform a worldwide distribution system can be easily built, that takes the outflow of the Amazon River with minimal propulsion needed, to any place in the world, such as to make the Sahara bloom, and Saudi Arabia a garden, and enrich the water-short regions of Russia. With a branch link from the Amazon-supplied Atlantic distribution system, to the southern shores of the USA, near Mexico, and near the U.S. southern deserts where the biggest water requirements are located, the resulting infrastructure would qualify foremost under the Least Action Principle for the biggest 'bang' for the efforts required

The same criterion applies also to houses. Houses can be efficiently produced in automated industrial processes where they are manufactured in complete units from molten basalt, in comparison with houses laborious nailed together board by board with wood cut from trees. 

Naturally, the Least Action Principle also reflects itself in cost. When the least-action-to-benefit ratio is high, the cost factor for a project becomes so small that in the case of the automated production of houses, the houses would be given away for free. The would not be counted as a cost item the, not even a low-cost item, but would be counted as a wealth creating item, an infrastructure without which the larger infrastructure complex is in jeopardy.

This is the nature of all infrastructures are built on the human power of creativity and natural ingenuity. Developing the human potential is an infrastructure foundation on with the entire pyramid of larger infrastructures rests, which, thereby is an element that gives the biggest 'bang' for the least effort.

Only one infrastructure is more efficient than that. And this is the humble chlorophyll molecule. It gives the biggest bang of them all, as an infrastructure that supports nearly all life on this planet, and is powered almost entirely by sunlight and principles that utilize the light in creative processes. It is so efficient that its processes take a large portion of their building blocks simply out of the air.


Allow me to introduce the humble chlorophyll, an efficient electric engine.

If we learn our lessons well, the some time in the future we will learn from the chlorophyll how we might utilize electric power as an infrastructure to give us access to the minerals in the rocks of the earth that are locked up there in molecular bonds. Molecular bonds may appear presently unbreakable. However, if this was really so, we would not exist. The fact is, molecular bonds are routinely separated in nature, in plants for example, with the chlorophyll molecule.


The chlorophyll is essentially a tiny ring of chlorine atoms with an magnesium ion at the center, and side rings protruding from it that function like tuned antennas for the absorption of certain wavelengths of sunlight. Chlorophyll molecules are specifically arranged in and around pigment protein complexes called photo-systems that contain up to several hundred molecules that absorb light and transfer the light energy by a process of resonance energy transfer to a specific chlorophyll pair in the reaction center of the photo-systems. The function of the reaction center, and the chlorophyll there, is to use the energy absorbed for a process of charge separation in which the chlorophyll donates an electron into a series of molecular intermediates called an electron transport chain, to a process of molecular separation. The complex operation, for example involves the oxidation of water into O2 and H+ through several intermediates. The electron flow produced by the reaction center chlorophyll is used to shuttle H+ ions across a thylakoid membrane, leaving behind free oxygen gas while setting up a chemiosmotic potential for a reduction process that also reduces CO2 into sugars and other biosynthetic products.

The point is that if the reduction of molecules by means of controlled ionization happens in the natural world with such efficiency and universal certainty that it supports all live on our planet, we should certainly be able to apply the same principle for the reduction of rocks into their constituent elements, for the production of silicates, oxygen, and metals.  A hundred tons of rock in the crust of the Earth typically contain 15 tones of aluminum, 6 tons of iron, and 3 tons of magnesium, and a ton of titanium, and for course other metals as well. It is generally believed that only the extreme temperatures in nuclear fusion can separate molecular bonds, but the chlorophyll molecule operates the very same type of process at ambient temperatures, and does its job well.  Shouldn't we be able to do the same, as the principles are already established and are routinely utilized in the natural world? All living processes are teaching us that with ionization processes we will likely be able to achieve whatever molecular reduction we desire, and this much more readily by utilizing the natural principle that the universe has already established, and which operates highly efficient under the Least Action Principle. 

How powerful electric forces can be, is graphically illustrated in America's Grand Canyon. Evidence suggests that the Grand Canyon was excavated by electric force in distant time, during a very large electric-discharge event. ( see: Sep 29, 2008 The Grand Canyon: Part One - Oct 01, 2008 The Grand Canyon: Part Two ) If electric forces can cause such a  massive 'deduction' of rock without a trace left behind of the material removed, the much gentler ionization of rock in molecular reduction should be possible.

The point is, that if mankind suffers a fundamental lack, the lack is located in itself as a lack in the discernment of natural principles, and is not the result of natural limits. It appears that we are beginning to learn this lesson.  Thus, the potential lays before us to utilize the principle of molecular reduction with an ionization process that is already widely demonstrated throughout the Universe of life by the chlorophyll's reduction process and life itself. All the metals we use, with rare exceptions, were produced by living processes in distant times in the molecular reduction processes that are imbedded in the processes of life, much of which is powered electrically. In fact, the entire Universe appears to be powered by huge electric processes that are efficient enough under the Least Action Principle and furnish an infrastructure that enables the Universe to exist and to expand. Should we not be able to utilize this vastly powerful natural resource as our own infrastructure?

See: Green Genocide and then see Food From Mars in Three Days

In contrast with keeping mankind Earth-bound, the direct utilization of electric power appears eminently possible. The Universe is a vast store house of free flowing electric currents, electro magnetically organized into filaments of electric power flowing in plasma that interconnects all galaxies like beads on a string, which powers them and powers  every solar system within them (and also powers the Sun). This power is free for all uses and is certainly substantial enough to meet all of our puny little power-needs on our tiny planet, and on any planet that we choose to colonize. The Universe is a universe of power, and this power is free for us all to experience.

galaxies electrically organized like beads on a string
A portion of galaxy cluster in the Capodimonte Deep Field - The European Space Agency 

Click here to view the Capodimonte Deep Field
a view of 35,000 galaxies

The Universe is immensely energetic, and the power for it is electric in nature. Electric power, not only powers every one of the billions of clusters of galaxies like the one shown above in part, including our galaxy that resides in a similar cluster. This universal electric energy also surrounds the Earth and every planet in our solar system, as in every one of the several hundred billion solar systems within our galaxy. 

We have learned to use electric power on Earth by generating it ourselves. The next natural step would be to tap into the universal power grid that also powers our Sun and utilize its boundless abundance. That's obviously the most efficient way to go, second to none, to power our world, and it would be the closes expression of efficient power that we can achieve under the Least Action Principle. Our applying this course to enrich aour power infrastructures would represent a mindful blending of our culture with the design of the Universe, as a step of moving forward with it.

See: Absolute Power - Solar Power
See:The Electric Universe

And so it will happen. Whatever is natural will happen, because intelligence is after all a natural process, and mankind is a highly intelligent species. It may even be that the big plasma engine, that the LHC accelerator is by design, will serve us one day as a facilitator for creating a plasma channel to the (electric) plasma sphere and the ionosphere, that are surrounding the Earth and are our interface with the galactic electric currents. Then, why would we even bother with the fusion-power attempts when boundless electric power resources lay in our grasp within the natural system, and within our capability to take a hold of it?

Even space travel would benefit. Electricity is a 'fuel' that one doesn't need to carry if it is everywhere present in space. It is electromagnetic interaction that causes the solar winds to be accelerated to 500 km/second and faster. Electrodynamic propulsion may yet get us to Mars quickly, and enable us to reach far beyond it. 

The nature of sovereignty

It appears that the human mind is sovereign only to the degree that it finds in itself the reflection of the Intelligence that is reflected throughout the Universe in every detail. On this basis we become co-creators with the Universe. On this basis we may also break the the Self-Empowerment barrier and gain our freedom from empire, because there exists no principle in the Universe that supports the notion of empire. To the contrary, there exists an universally-empowering principle that is reflected everywhere in life. Life is self-empowering. Empire has no role to play in the development of life and civilization, and consequently nothing good has ever come out of it. Mankind has the power as human beings to lay aside pursuits that are not supported by universal principles, and then pursue processes that are supported by such principles, such as the sovereignty of the individual, of a culture, of a nation, with the nature of sovereignty itself reflecting the principles that harmonize all aspects of human living towards the most efficient and productive modes of meeting the human need and fulfilling the human potential.

The final question, the MOST basic question is: Entropy vs Anti-Entropy

Whether we utilize the resources and the principles that the Universe has laid at our feet, is determined by our answer as to where we locate ourselves as human beings in our perception of the Universe. Will our hands and minds be shackled by axioms of entropy that we bow our heads to and submit ourselves to, or will we see in the Universe a powerful moving anti-entropy that we then can also see reflected in us? That's the heart of the question of Entropy or Anti-Entropy. Do we allow our world and civilization to collapse? Or do we take the initiative to create ever-greater infrastructures to enrich our world and civilization? Empire is definitely the most inefficient 'infrastructure' ever created. It is huge in cost and is totally devoid of even the slightest beneficial 'bang'? It needs to be left behind in the dust of history, together with all those who cling to it, and be replaced with the most efficient infrastructures under the Least Action Principle. Those would be constitutional systems that are totally devoid of dictatorial rubbish. Constitutional systems are infrastructures build on the sum total of best of mankind's discoveries and achievements where the lest legislative action is required for the greatest beneficial effect, as the power for this effect is already build into its very foundation: resting on the humanity and the human experience and its endless processes of discovering that civilization is built on.

Continue with: Anti-entropy

PS. Infrastructure under the Least Action Principle cannot include pursuits which are build on the defiance of the principles of the Universe, such as is pursued at CERN, with the ITER project, and with the NIF project and related projects. All of these projects are essentially dead-end games under the Least Action Principle.


Rolf A. F. Witzsche

Main articles:

NAWAPA: Existentially Critical

The New NAWAPA - part 1 - greening the deserts

The New NAWAPA - part 2 - infrastructures for the Noosphere

Related articles: 

NAWAPA - an exploration of the 1960s plan

A NAWAPA dialog - how to raise it to a higher level?

NAWAPA: Wells or FDR - contrasting orientations

Towards a FDR NAWAPA - how would Franklin Delanor Roosevelt have responded to the challenge?

Related supporting articles: 

Infrastructures  - what increases the power of humanity

Advanced Infrastructures - the power at hand to snub the Ice Age

Ice Age Collapse - a challenge to mankind to raise its humanist power

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Published by Cygni Communications Ltd. North Vancouver, BC, Canada - 2010  Rolf A. F. Witzsche

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