Christ and Christmas, by Mary Baker Eddy - presented by Rolf A. F. Witzsche

Christ and Christmas 

by Mary Baker Eddy




The Word - dawn Christ - sunrise Christianity - noon day divine Science - sunset
The Word

Seeking and Finding

Christian Science Healing - 1

Christian Unity - part 1

The Morning Star
Christ, the
spiritual idea
of God

Christ Healing - part 2

Christmas Morn

Healing the Sick

The Way
Evil beliefs

Christ Healing - part 1

Christmas Eve - part 2

I thank thee of Father...

Truth versus Error

Star of Bethlehem

Christmas Eve - part 1

Christian Science Healing - 2

Christian Unity - part 2


Accompanying structures

The Lord's Prayer stanzas  Text of the verses in Christ and Christmas
The textbook chapters References
The Manual of the Mother Church Details of the 'intimacy' presentation


The Lord's Prayer and its spiritual interpretation
 by Mary Baker Eddy (S&H p.16)

  Dawn Sunrise Heat of the day The Golden Light of Peace
The lateral Reality 

Love - omnipotence

4- Adorable One. 8- Enable us to know, - as in heaven, so on earth, - God is omnipotent, supreme. 12 - And Love is reflected in love; 16 - For God is infinite, all-power, all Life, Truth, Love, over all, and All.
Christ - Science

Truth - omniscience

3- Hallowed be Thy name.
7- Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
11 - And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 15 - For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever.

Escaping Morality

Soul - omnipresence

2- Our Father-Mother God, all-harmonious,
6- Thy kingdom is come; Thou art ever-present. 10 - Give us grace for to-day; feed the famished affections;
14 - And God leadeth us not into temptation, but delivereth us from sin, disease, and death.
Escaping depravity

- omniaction
1- Our Father which art in heaven, 5- Thy kingdom come.
9- Give us this day our daily bread;
13 - And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil;

The verses in Christ and Christmas

4. What the Beloved knew and taught, 
Science repeats, 
Through understanding, dearly sought, 
With fierce heart-beats; 
8. Christ was not crucified--that doom 
Was Jesus' part; 
For Sharon's rose must bud and bloom 
In human heart. [*] 
12. For Christian Science brings to view 
The great I Am,--
Omniscient power,--gleaming through 
Mind, mother, man. 
And he that overcometh, and keepeth my 
works unto the end, to him will I give 
power over the nations: 
And I will give him the MORNING STAR. 
--Christ Jesus. 
3. The Christ-idea, God anoints--
Of Truth and Life; 
The Way in Science He appoints, 
That stills all strife. 
7. Yet wherefore signalize the birth 
Of him ne'er born? 
What can rehearse the glorious worth 
Of his high morn? 
11. The Way, the Truth, the Life--His word--
Are here, and now 
Christ's silent healing, heaven heard, 
Crowns the pale brow. 
15. No blight, no broken wing, no moan, 
Truth's fane can dim; 
Eternal swells Christ's music-tone, 
In heaven's hymn. 
2. In tender mercy, Spirit sped 
A loyal ray 
To rouse the living, wake the dead, 
And point the Way--
6. For heaven's Christus, earthly Eves, 
By Adam bid, 
Make merriment on Christmas eves, 
O'er babe and crib. 
10. Thus olden faith's pale star now blends 
In seven-hued white! 
Life, without birth and without end, 
Emitting light! 
14. To-day, as oft, away from sin 
Christ summons thee! 
Truth pleads to-night: Just take Me in! 
No mass for Me! 
1. Fast circling on, from zone to zone,--
Bright, blest, afar,--
O'er the grim night of chaos shone 
One lone, brave star. 
5. Thus Christ, eternal and divine, 
To celebrate 
As Truth demands,--this living Vine 
Ye demonstrate. 
9. Forever present, bounteous, free, 
Christ comes in gloom; 
And aye, with grace towards you and me, 
For health makes room. 
13. As in blest Palestina's hour, 
So in our age, 
'T is the same hand unfolds His power, 
And writes the page. 

[*] "God was manifest in the flesh." -- St. Paul


The Christian Science Textbook by Mary Baker Eddy

Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures

the book that has healed for more than a century


The Word *2 
The river Pison - oriented northward to the early dawn

Christ  *2
The river Gihon - oriented eastward to the sunrise

Christianity  *2
The river Hiddekel - oriented southward to the heat of the day

divine Science  *2
The river Euphrates - oriented westward to the sunset

The lateral Reality 
The Word *1
Love - omnipotence

4 - Christian Science versus Spiritualism
- MP3

8 - Footsteps of Truth
- MP3

12 - Christian Science Practice
- MP3
* 16 - The Apocalypse
- MP3
Christ - Science
The Christ *1
Truth - omniscience
3 - Marriage
- MP3
7 - Physiology
- MP3
11 - Some Objections Answered
- MP3
* 15 - Genesis
- MP3
Escaping Morality
Christianity *1
Soul - omnipresence

2 - Atonement and Eucharist
- MP3

6a Science
6b Theology
- MP3
6c Medicine
10a - Science of Being 
10b - Platform of Christian Science
- MP3
14 - Recapitulation
- MP3

Escaping depravity
Christian Science *1
Principle - omniaction

 Preface - MP3
1 - Prayer
5 - Animal Magnetism Unmasked
- MP3
9 - Creation
- MP3

13 - Teaching Christian Science
- MP3

 Glossary - MP3 --- Subheader List--- Fruitage - MP3(1) - MP3(2) --- Fruitage List 

The Manual of the Mother Church by Mary Baker Eddy





The Word *2
The river Pison - oriented northward to the early dawn

Christ *2
The river Gihon - oriented eastward to the sunrise

Christianity *2
The river Hiddekel - oriented southward to the heat of the day

divine Science *2
The river Euphrates - oriented westward to the sunset

The Word *1

4 - Meetings

8 - The Mother Church and Branch Churches

12 - Board of Education

16 - Church Manual

The Christ *1

3 - Discipline

7 - Relation and Duties of Members to Pastor Emeritus

11 - Teaching Christian Science

15 - Church-Building

Christianity *1

2 - Church Membership

6 - Reading Rooms

10 - The Christian Science Publishing Society

14 - Committee on Publication

Christian Science *1

1 - Church Officers

5 - Church Services

9 - Guardianship of Funds

13 - Board of Lectureship


*1 The cardinal points or levels of perception. Mary Baker Eddy presented 4 cardinal points for the 'city foursquare' (The city of our God.) She writes: "This spiritual, holy habitation has no boundary nor limit, but its four cardinal points are: (S&H 574-7)

first, the Word of Life, Truth, and Love; 
the Christ, the spiritual idea of God; 
Christianity, which is the outcome of the divine Principle of the Christ-idea in Christian history; 
Christian Science, which to-day and forever interprets this great example and the great Exemplar.

Mary Baker Eddy also listed two sets of four terms that identify four levels of perception, respectively:

Heaven, Day
Kingdom of Heaven, Morning
Earth, Evening
Hell, Night

She also describes four levels of, good, in the glossary definition for the term Good:


Furthermore, she 'translates' the four levels in terms of immortal, divine Mind (the lateral reality), and mortal mind (vertical diminishment). (S&H p.151)


GOD: Divine Principle, Life, Truth, Love, Soul, Spirit, Mind. (Divine synonyms)

MAN: God's spiritual idea, individual, perfect, eternal. (Divine image)

IDEA: An image in Mind; the immediate object of understanding. (Divine reflection)
- Webster.



   First Degree: Depravity.

PHYSICAL. Evil beliefs, passions and appetites, fear, depraved will, self-justification, pride, envy, deceit, hatred, revenge, sin, sickness, disease, death. (Unreality)

Second Degree: Evil beliefs disappearing.

MORAL. Humanity, honesty, affection, compassion, hope, faith, meekness, temperance. (Transitional Qualities)

Third Degree: Understanding.

SPIRITUAL. Wisdom, purity, spiritual understanding, spiritual power, love, health, holiness. (Reality)

      Spiritual universe 116
In the third degree mortal mind disappears, and man as God's image appears. Science so reverses the evidence before the corporeal human senses, as to make this Scriptural testimony true in our hearts, "The last shall be first, and the first last," so that God and His idea may be to us what divinity really is and must of necessity be, - all-inclusive.


*2 The characteristic of the development streams is described in a similar manner as four main points. She used the names of the four rivers in Genesis 2 and defined them, not in their biblical context, but in the context of four flows of scientific and spiritual development. And since these rivers are out-flowing, to metaphorically water the world, she also defined the sides and gates of the city through which they are flowing. The four rivers are (in their biblical sequence):

Pison (river). The love of the good and beautiful, and their immortality.
Gihon (river). The rights of woman acknowledged morally, civilly, and socially.
Hiddekel (river). Divine Science understood and acknowledged.
Euphrates (river). Divine Science encompassing the universe and man; the true idea of God; a type of the glory which is to come; metaphysics taking the place of physics; the reign of righteousness. The atmosphere of human belief before it accepts sin, sickness, or death; a state of mortal thought, the only error of which is limitation; finity; the opposite of infinity.

She describes the sides to which the rivers pertain saying: "The four sides of our city are the Word, Christ, Christianity, and divine Science." She adds, "This city is wholly spiritual, as its four sides indicate." And she adds further, "It is indeed a city of the Spirit, fair, royal, and square. 

Northward, its gates open to the North Star, the Word, the polar magnet of Revelation; 
eastward, to the star seen by the Wisemen of the Orient, who followed it to the manger of Jesus; 
southward, to the genial tropics, with the Southern Cross in the skies, - the Cross of Calvary, which binds human society into solemn union; 
westward, to the grand realization of the Golden Shore of Love and the Peaceful Sea of Harmony.

Note: The north, east, south, west sequence that she presents here reflects the progression of the sun across the sky, from the early dawn to the sunset.

She also describes God with four special qualities that can be applied to the four columns respectively as an aid to focus our attention in these four development streams. She writes, God is incorporeal; divine; supreme; infinite.



Music for the contemplation
from Sergey Rachmaninov (1873 - 1943)

Moment Musical op16 no4 in E Piano Concerto #3 in D-Minor Allegro-ma-non-troppo
Etude Tableau op33 no8 Piano Concerto #3 in D-Minor Intermezzo-Adagio
Prelude op23 no5 Piano Concerto #3 in D-Minor Finale-alla-breve
pianist - Serg Van Gennip pianist Jonathan Oshry !!

of the standard presentation
 of Christ and Christmas

Christ and Christmas is an illustrated poem authored by Mary Baker Eddy with illustrations produced by the artist James F. Gilman, published in - 1893 and 1897. 

There are 16 scenes and verses in Mary Baker Eddy's illustrated poem, Christ and Christmas. These can be seen to correspond with the 16 elements that exist in a foursquare structure, such as the biblical city foursquare that is described in Revelation 21, and which has been further described by Mary Baker Eddy in her textbook on Christian Science in the last pages of the last chapter (The Apocalypse). 

The 16 elements have 16 positions. The textbook likewise has 16 chapters. In the scientific context these comprise one single structure. With the textbook chapters being arranged in a progressive sequence, and likewise with the scenes in Christ and Christmas being so arranged, they have both been applied in a progressive sequence here, beginning with the representation at the lowest element of the first column, progressing upwards, and onwards column by column.

In like manner are the 16 stanzas of the Lord's Prayer with Mary Baker Eddy provided in the form in 16 progressing steps, and the Church Manual by Mary Baker Eddy in 16 progressively developing elements. Both references have been added in this presentation in their respective positions.

Some of the illustrative paintings in Christ and Christmas contain two distinct scenes and have two verses associated with them, which are labeled here "part 1" (typically pertaining to the left half) and "part 2" (pertaining to the right-side scene) - except for the painting Christian Unity, which is circular and indivisible, so that both parts pertain to each verse and element position that the verse applies to.

Mary Baker Eddy described four levels for the entire structure in two different contexts. In the chapter The Apocalypse she describes the city's four "cardinal points" (main points) as the Word, Christ, Christianity, and Christian Science. She also describes four levels in reference to Mind (translation of divine Mind and mortal mind - p.115). Both sets of descriptions have been applied here.

Mary Baker Eddy also describes the 'city' in terms of four sides in terms of the Word, Christ, Christianity, and divine Science, which she further associates with four celestial orientations, north, east, south, and west, sequenced in the direction in which the sun appears in the sky during the course of the day. Both descriptions have been applied here.

Mary Baker Eddy also appears to have dealt with the structure in terms of halves as she presented in visual metaphor. The old woman in the painting Christmas Eve (in part 2) has a tablet resting in her lap. The tablet shows a structure that is divided vertically into a right and left half. 

The first half appears to reflect Mary Baker Eddy's experience as the discoverer and founder of Christian Science. It begins with a light shining in darkness and Mary Baker Eddy's own momentous rising from what would have been her death bed, had not the Christ idea enabled her to rise from it to new health and with a new power in life that changed the world with a flood of healing. Many were astonished by the unfolding healing power, even while she was determined to discover the science of it and write a book that would lay it bare before the world, which became the Christian Science textbook, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. With this book she challenged age-old traditions and axioms, and the dogmas of theology, medicine, even the small concepts of science itself, which had excluded science from spiritual matters. However, rather than being excluded, spiritual science, in the form of Christian Science, became the light that was reflected in countless forms and uplifted society.

The second half begins with a different awakening, reflecting the awakening of society to the spiritual idea that Christian Science has placed before the world. I, for myself, find it useful to associated the first half with the concept of Temple, a place where one is alone with God, discovering God, celebrating God. In this context I recognize the second half to reflect the function of Church that is universal and enriches and uplifts the whole of mankind.

The final verse in Christ and Christmas is attributed by Mary Baker Eddy to Christ Jesus. It speaks of the MORNING STAR. The scene for this star is on the cover of Christ and Christmas, surrounded by 56 rays of light radiating from it. The 56 rays have a natural basis in high-power plasma physics, however, they were also recognized to exist long before the existence of plasma in physics was known, possibly by keen observations of celestial phenomena.

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The kindness of pianists Serg Van Gennip and Jonathan Oshry in making samples of their music freely available to the public for its cultural development is gratefully acknowledged.

Published by Cygni Communications Ltd. North Vancouver, BC, Canada -  2010  Rolf A. F. Witzsche

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