Click on the images for a
Canada without water
Today, Canada, for example, the most water-rich country on the planet with approximately 7% of the world's renewable freshwater,- the very envy of the world for its water riches - even though more than half of its freshwater drains unused into Hudson Bay and the Arctic Ocean, will likely find itself with no natural water at all, once the Ice Age begins anew under an inactive Sun.
For this reason the proposal that has been put forward since the 1960s to divert some of the northern runoff from Canada and Alaska to the dry U.S. South and northern Mexico, will be put aside in favour of deep ocean reverse osmosis desalination. The giant infrastructures that have been proposed, with which to implement the water diversion from Alaska and Northern Canada via the Rocky Mountain Trench, across the big hump of the Nevada Great Basin, will simply become forgotten. The entire multinational project, known as the North American Water and Power Alliance project, which would take 50 years to build, and is hoped would relieve some of the water stress in the southwest region of North America, would accomplish nothing. It would likely become disabled before its completion when the next Ice Age begins.
The danger is that the promotion of this envisioned dead-end project would prevent the development of the critical alternatives. It would block the deep ocean reverse osmosis desalination option. The outcome would be immensely devastating for much of the world.
Canada's very existence, which is presently one of the water-richest country, will soon depend on large-scale desalination.
When the primer fields for our Sun, fail under the continuing weakening of the plasma density that is flowing into the solar system, to the point that the electric Sun becomes inactive, then we will all have to live with a two-thirds reduction of the solar energy received on Earth. At this point the entire North of the Earth, possibly as far south as the 40 degree line, will become a snowflake that won't thaw out for 90,000 years. The countries in the affected zone will become largely disabled for human habitation.
There won't be a drop of water available then, from either Canada or Alaska, for the envisioned river diversion into the South.
The now beginning of the Ice Age will freeze up the entire North for the lack of solar radiation. This will not happen gradually over the span of a thousand years, as many believe. Instead, the Sun will likely go inactive in the space of a single day, or over a few days. When this happens it won't take a year for the entire North to freeze up, and for Canada to become an ice desert, without a drop of water flowing anywhere.
At this point Canada will cease to exist as a functioning nation, unless it has re-established itself by then on technologically created new land afloat on the tropical seas, complete with floating agriculture, floating industries, and floating cities, supplied of course, with water produced by deep ocean reverse osmosis desalination.
The future of Canada ends at the start of the Next Ice Age, in roughly thirty years time, unless the nation builds for itself a new base for living in the tropics below the 30 degree line that tends to remain ice free.
Likewise all the countries of Europe will cease to exist in 30 years time when the next Ice Age begins and stakes its claim, unless the nation relocate themselves. The same applies to Russia and to also parts of China, and to a large part of the USA.
All of these affected nations will either cease to exist, or they will create for themselves a new base for living in the vast open spaces of the tropics. And the fastest and easiest way to accomplish the needed transformation of the landscape of the Earth, is to create new land. The new land would consist of floating modules made of basalt shaped in high temperature automated industrial processes.
With every step of the production process for the floating modules being fully automated - powered with nuclear energy to start with, until later with cosmic electric energy - floating new land becomes rapidly available for general use, complete with floating cities, and so on. They become the infrastructures for relocating entire nations. They need to be built. And they can all be built within the 30-years timeframe that we may have still remaining of the current interglacial climate.
But even with agriculture laid out afloat onto the tropical seas, irrigation will likely be required. At the present time the strongest rainfall occurs in the tropics, but with the global rainfall becoming reduced to less than 30% of the present level, additional irrigation will likely be required to supplement the rainfall. With agriculture being laid afloat on the oceans, the supply line for the irrigation resources, of course exists right were the need exists, eliminating the need for long distribution lines.
The same applies also for the freshwater needs of the floating cities. There can never be a water shortage for them either, when human ingenuity makes rivers flow out of the oceans. However, the green world that we depend on for our biological existence requires two more critical elements to function. Water by itself is not enough.
The Sun Factor
The biggest factor that affects the natural world, of course, is the Sun.
If it becomes inactive, the sunlight diminishes.
Since solar energy powers the water evaporation, when the Sun goes inactive and loses more than 70% of its energy output, the entire natural freshwater cycle diminishes to a mere trickle.
But equally deep-cutting is the reduction of the sunlight itself that all green things require to grow. Photosynthesis is powered by solar radiation in the visible light band.
The weak sunlight that will be emitted by the Sun during its inactive period, will be the strongest in the tropical regions that are most directly exposed to the Sun. .
This region includes all the areas between the 40 degree latitudes north and south.
The solar radiation plotted here reflects on-the-ground measurements.
The measurements tell us that even if the Sun's radiated energy is becoming reduced by 70%, there is enough sunlight available in the tropics to maintain plant growth. The intensity of the sunlight in the tropics would then be roughly the same that it presently is above the 60 degree latitude where large quantities of food are presently grown.
The dimmer Sun will also have its sunlight profile shifted slightly towards the red, and away from the active spectrum that the chlorophyll of the plants uses most efficiently. The chlorophyll in plants uses the radiated solar energy to split atmospheric carbon dioxide apart into oxygen and carbon. The plants require the carbon from the air to build themselves up. If there is not enough sunlight, the plants cannot grow. The resulting shortfall in the high end of the profile when the Sun goes inactive, can be artificially augmented with LED light, which can be tuned to the wavelengths that the chlorophyll utilizes most effectively.
However, water and sunlight are not enough by themselves for plants to be able to grow. We need three critical elements for the biological world to function. In addition to water and sunlight, plants need carbon dioxide in the air. The carbon dioxide, CO2 in short, is a gas that the green chlorophyll molecules in the leafs of the plants break down with the aid of sunlight into oxygen and carbon. The carbon nourishes the plant, and the free oxygen is released into the air. In the coming dark, ice age environment, both the sunlight and the CO2 will be in short supply, together with the shortage of water. This means that the atmospheric CO2 concentration must also be increased, and substantially so, up to 10-fold.
The shortage of carbon dioxide during an ice age is much more difficult to rectify, because the colder oceans dissolve greater amounts of CO2 than the natural world supplies. The diminishing CO2 concentration that then results needs to be augmented technologically in order for all the green plants on our planet to remain happily nourished all the way through the long glaciation period.
At the present time, the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere is close to the biological starvation level. It is currently at the lowest level it has been in hundreds of millions of years. If the atmospheric concentration is further reduced, if it drops to half the current level and below, most plants will simply die. Our food plants would most definitely suffer this fate if we were to fail to enrich the atmosphere with CO2. The plants would die, even if they had all the water available and all the sunlight they need.
Greenhouse operators have discovered the plant's critical dependency on CO2 the hard way. If the CO2 is not refreshed in greenhouses, the plants perish. The operators have also discovered that if they double the CO2 concentration artificially, a 50% increase in plant growth results.
It may well be that we need to increase the world's atmospheric CO2 concentration close to 10-fold before we get into the next Ice Age.
We need to get close to the CO2 concentration that existed during the age of the dinosaurs when giant creatures roamed the Earth, with enough food growing for them to sustain them.
We need a very big boost in CO2 to restore the biosphere to its previous rich potential as a starting measure to get us through the Next Ice Age. We need to do this not to bring the dinosaurs back, but to give us a chance to grow enough food during the dim times, to because in an Ice Age environment the atmospheric CO2 becomes dramatically diminished. If it is not replenished substantially, it may drop below the biological cut-off point. The diminishing CO2 concentration may have been a contributing factor for the sparse human population of only 1 to 10 million people worldwide that emerged from the last Ice Age.
Even in the current interglacial warm climate CO2 dissolves much more readily in the cold waters around Antarctica, than in the warm waters in the tropics. As the oceans cool much more extensively with the onset of the next Ice Age, vastly greater amounts of CO2 become absorbed, and thereby taken out of the atmosphere. We know from ice core samples that CO2 concentration in the Arctic, where the samples were laid up, had dropped at times below the biological breakdown level. The global level may have been much lower than even that.
If the same would happen again, most of humanity would die with the diminishing biosphere. In order to prevent the tragedy, we will need to build technological infrastructures that enable us to pump large quantities of CO2 back out of the oceans to built ourselves a highly enriched atmosphere before the Ice Age begins, and then keep it enriched.
The oceans contain not only most of the world's water. They also contain most of the world's CO2 in dissolved form. There exists fifty times as much CO2 dissolved in the oceans, mostly in the deep oceans, than exists in gaseous form in the atmosphere. The atmosphere holds between 750 and 900 billion tonnes of CO2, which is 2% of the world's total.
If we aim for a 10-fold increase, we need to pump a minimum of 7,500 billion tonnes of CO2 out of the deep oceans. In practice, we would have to pump much more, because the more we pump, the more becomes dissolved again. In practice this seemingly immense project may not be as huge as the figures suggest. If a column of water is set into an upwards motion, in a vertical pipe setup into the ocean, the dissolved CO2 will gasify as the pressure is removed, and will then bubble upward like an uncorked soft-
drink bottle. The weight differential caused by the regasification, if the process is engineered to isolate it from the temperature gradients, should power the system to flow by itself. The temperature gradient that counteracts the weight differential by a few hundredth of a percent may not actually be much of an inhibiting factor, and might be ignored in practice.
Nevertheless, it should be possible to get the global CO2 concentration enriched substantially, to a concentration near the 10-fold level in thirty years of pumping. The real carbon crisis that our world has, is not that it has too much CO2 in the air, but that it has far too little, and dangerously so.
I have addressed the CO2 paradox in the video, Manmade Global Warming Impossible. The critical aspect of the current CO2 deficiency needs to be emphasised again and again in the context of the fast-approaching Ice Age.
We like to think of the Ice Age as something that unfolds slowly over long periods, instead of rapidly with the Sun becoming inactive. The paradox here is that we see very little at the present time in terms of startling evidence of a transition in progress towards the solar turnoff event. We only see a few fringe events, which, if we are alert enough, tell us that a cooling trend has begun towards a major climate flip.
We see for example the general increase in cloudiness that causes a gradual cooling of the Earth. It tells us that the Sun is getting weaker. A weaker Sun gives us a weaker heliosphere and correspondingly increased cosmic-ray flux coming through.
Science tells us that the cloud forming process is strongly increased with increasing cosmic-ray flux In this way the entire climate on Earth is affected, including the freshwater distribution, without any visible signed on the Sun itself. Increasing cosmic-ray flux gives us increasing floods and droughts. Unfortunately, these precursors are deemed to be just fringe events. We even admit that since the amount of cosmic-ray flux that the Earth is receiving is affected by the strength of the solar activity, which we have no control over, but then we ignore what we know and tend to sit back and aim to live with the imagined fringe consequences. However, those 'little' consequences, like increased cloudiness, are not freak anomalies. They are systemic effects. They are the effect of the gradual weakening of the solar system in the ongoing transition towards the next climate reversal.
In the context of the next Ice Age, which may begin soon, with an inactive Sun putting us into a dark world for long periods, all the current climate fluctuations, no matter how big they may be in drought and flooding along the way, will come to light as minuscule in the larger context of the radical transformation of the earth, because when the big change happens, the current irritations will compare as nothing then. The entire freshwater cycle of the Earth will be totally altered, because the solar energy that currently generates water vapour for the atmosphere, will diminish then to very low levels, to roughly a third. By responding to the current drought conditions against this background, efficient large-scale deep-ocean desalination will then be seen from a different perspective. We will respond then to not merely meet an immediate water crisis, but will see this response in terms of setting ourselves up for the very big change that we cannot survive without being prepared for it.
When the big change happens, the freshwater supply will diminish to about a third of the current volume. That's what the ice core samples tell us, where we see snowfall diminished to about a third of the interglacial levels. The ice core samples tell us that we better have a completely new freshwater supply system built by then, which takes over from the natural freshwater system when the Sun goes inactive.
The snow accumulation during the last Ice Age, according to ice core samples taken in Greenland, was 70% less during the Ice Age conditions than it is today. This suggests that only 30% or less, of the 'normal' water vapour density, had existed at the time. This accords with what one would expect to find in a radically colder world.
The dramatically reduced water vapour density under glaciation conditions, in addition, also has its own effect on the climate of the earth.
If one considers that 97% of the moderating effect of the Earth's 'greenhouse' system, provided by the atmosphere, is the effect of water vapour suspended in the atmosphere, then a 70% loss of this moderating effect is bound to cause large temperature fluctuations on the surface of the Earth. The night-time cooling might have been so extensive that outdoor agriculture might not be possible at all. Indoor agriculture with fully enclosed artificial environments might be the only platform then that we can reasonably trust to maintain our food supply, even in the tropics.
It appears, in considering these factors, that the ice age challenge has been so great during the dark and cold times, that it is actually surprising that the currently estimated one to ten million people worldwide made it through the long ordeal alive. Evidence suggest that whatever 'civilization' existed during the ice age times, had lived at the edge of the oceans around southern India, and in areas of today's shallow seas accross Indonesia, Malaysia, and possibly Australia.
With the ocean surface having been nearly 400 feet lower in glaciation times, as large masses of water had been laid up on land as ice, the dwelling places of the people in those earlier times lay presently deeply submerged, so that no archaeological data exist that could give us a hint at what types of living conditions we should expect to encounter in our near future that is potentially beginning in a few decades from now.
I suspect that if we could find the ancient dwelling places that lay now submerged in shallow seas, we would not find any evidence of the existence of agriculture. The few people who would have lived in those times would likely have lived exclusively of fish from the oceans, and for this they would likely have had to travel long distances to find the fish.
Fish, as a food resource, may have been sufficient in those lean times to nourish a million people worldwide, or even ten million, but for a seven billion world population as we now have, the traditional ice age food resource will no longer suffice.
Our food resource will have to be 100% manmade, such as by building floating agriculture across the tropical seas where the sunlight is the strongest, the rainfall the richest, and supplemental freshwater and CO2 are readily available from the oceans. We would likely grow our food in high-tech indoor automated farming facilities then, and even this may possibly be supplemented with synthetic foods.
The critical factor for all of these explorations, is of course, the Sun. The Sun is our light and thermal-energy resource. It determines the state of our planet and affects our civilization as no other factor ever has and likely never will, even our very existence. So, what about the Sun then?
Will the Sun really go inactive in 30 years time?
I have presented the basics of the research in the video, 'Ice Age of the dimming Sun in 30 years.'
Nobody knows in advance the day and year when the Sun goes inactive. Neither does anyone know with certainty whether the turn-off of the Sun will happen at all. All that anyone can do is to explore the principles that are expressed in the cosmos and how they effect us.
I have done this in respect to the Sun.
I have explored the principles that are highly likely to cause the Sun to become inactive in about 30 years from now.
The key to the question of whether we face the start of the Next Ice Age in 30 years, involves actually two questions: One question is: Is a Sun powered by nuclear fusion in its core? The fusion-sun theory is a component of the Big Bang entropic cosmology that regards the universe as the product of a giant explosion with a finite energy content that is burring itself out.
The other question is: Is the Sun instead powered by electric plasma interacting at its surface? This electric-sun theory represents the anti-entropic perception of cosmology of a universe that is actively self-
powered and is continuously creatively developing, qualitatively and quantitatively.
I have created a series of videos to explore the dual question of what the nature of the Sun is and what powers it, and how critical the right answer to these questions is to the survival of human civilization in the near future.
Our long-term energy future on the Earth is critically dependent on the potential of the Sun being electrically powered, which comes to light as the only possible basis for unlimited energy resources for the future of humanity, without which we don't have a future at all.
Do we have evidence on hand that the solar system is an electrically operating system? Yes, we do have such evidence.
How big is big? How monumental are the examples of historic electric actions in the solar system? These are all questions on great topics that affect us all and what our future holds for us.