(01 Celebrating the Near Ice Age )
Celebrating the Near Ice Age
(02 Ice Ages are real )
Ice Ages are real. This fact is demonstrable. We have measurable, credible, historic evidence. The dynamics of the principles that cause the Ice Ages, are likewise demonstrable, with measurable, credibly knowable, and scientifically provable, tangible evidence. It is also demonstrable that ice ages are not a scourge. While they require humanity to upgrade its world enormously, because of the dramatic new climate conditions that an ice age brings with it, the ice ages contribute to the development of mankind with conditions that only Ice Age environments can provide.
(03 What we stand to benefit )
While an ice age epoch is somewhat inconvenient for human living, as it requires extreme worldwide cooperation to protect the global food supply, the inconveniences promise to be insignificant in comparison with what we stand to benefit. This means that the start of the Next Ice Age that is possibly as near as the 2050s, or nearer, shouldn't inspire gloom, but inspire celebration, as a new cultural and scientific Renaissance will unfold on the path of meeting the Ice Age Challenge, as we relocate much of the world's agriculture from the endangered areas into the tropics.
(04 Agriculture afloat across the equatorial seas )
For the lack of land in the tropics, we'll place our agriculture afloat across the equatorial seas. We will do all of this, partly because it is necessary to maintain our food supply, for which agriculture is the foundation. But more than this, we will do it, because it is the human thing to do to develop new worlds with ever-greater potential. And we 'will' come out richer by this process. The materials, energy resources, and technologies for this gigantic project already exist.
(05 Eight thousand brand new cities )
As a part of the project we will create six to eight thousand brand new cities that are required when the traditional areas, located above the 40 degree latitudes, become uninhabitable, which includes in the northern hemisphere all of Canada, Europe, Russia, and parts of China, and parts of the USA. Many of the thousands of new cities will be placed afloat onto the seas, together with the floating agriculture, industries, even forests.
The giant project promises a revolutionary 'explosion' of good for humanity, by its own creating. However, the big benefits that we will gain with the Ice Age transition lay not in what we can yet imagine, such as building a brand new world. The benefits lay far beyond the presently imaginable. This greater benefit is rooted in the nature of the Ice Age dynamics.
(06 The great Ice Age benefits )
The great Ice Age benefits.
Ice Ages result from the confluence of a number of electromagnetic conditions. These conditions temporarily interrupt the powering of our Sun, as an electric star with plasma interactions occurring on its surface.
(07 Sun's energy radiation will diminish )
The interruptions are such that the Sun goes inactive. It no longer produces thermal and light energy, but merely emits whatever residual energy it has stored up. This means that the Sun's energy radiation will diminish by 70%, to a mere 30% of the present intensity.
(08 The Sun will then no longer emit solar winds )
This also means that the Sun will then no longer emit solar winds, so that solar winds no longer form a heliosphere around the solar system, which presently shields us to some degree from the Galactic Cosmic Ray intrusions. When the shielding by the heliosphere is gone, the Galactic Cosmic Ray flux reaching the Earth, will likely increase 3-fold. The increase has already begun.
(09 Bombarded with 50,000 cosmic rays per day )
In a great ice age environment under an inactive Sun, much of the shielding of the Earth from galactic cosmic-ray flux will no longer exist. The cosmic-rays that shower everything on Earth, will then be more energetic and more numerous.
Each person on Earth is presently bombarded with 50,000 cosmic rays per day. Cosmic rays are not rays in the common sense, but are fast moving individual electrons and protons. Since the particles carry an electric charge, they pass right through the human body without touching any thing, being repelled by the electric force.
(10 Cosmic-ray particles carry an electric charge )
Our body is made of atoms. Atoms are dynamic physical structures that are more than 100,000 times larger than the parts they are made of. This means that an atom is largely empty space. It is extremely rare, therefore, that cosmic-ray particles impact with anything as they pass through the body. Nevertheless, the cosmic-ray particles carry an electric charge, and as they pass through the body, their energetic movement creates a magnetic field around them which does affect the body. The fast moving magnetic field generates an electric current in the surrounding tissue, as the electric plasma particle flows through the body.
(11 Small amounts of cosmic-ray induced electricity )
The induced electric currents, seem to have a beneficial effect. Since the human body has large neurological networks that pervade every part of it, especially in the brain, and considering that these networks operate electrically, the small amounts of cosmic-ray induced electricity appears to have a beneficial effect. The three-fold increase of this effect during Ice Age conditions, appears to have a dramatic beneficial effect on cognitive development.
(12 The development of the human being )
Evidence along this line suggests that the development of the human being might not have been possible without this beneficial effect. It may have been for this reason that the development of humanity coincides with one of the severest Ice Age epochs in the history of life on our planet in which the Sun would be inactive for long periods, with correspondingly stronger cosmic-ray showers.
(13 Comparable previous ice epoch )
The only comparable previous ice epoch occurred roughly 450 million years ago. That's when the complexity of life on our planet took a big leap forward, with a vast development of life to follow. The dawn of humanity represents another big leap forward in the development of life on this planet. It began a giant leap in cognitive functions that sets humanity apart as a completely new manifest of life, with an intellectual quality that had never existed before, nor been possible before.
(14 Large increase in cosmic-ray flux )
The large increase in cosmic-ray flux that occurred during the long Ice Age epoch in which human development occurred, may be the reason for our very existing today. We are literally the children of the Ice Ages.
(15 Historic ice deposits in Antarctica )
By exploring the historic ice deposits in Antarctica, which take us back in time more than half a million years, it becomes apparent that for 85% of the existence of humanity the Earth was gripped by glaciation conditions when the Sun was inactive. This means that the normal climate on earth since the dawn of man, has been the Ice Age glaciation climate. That's what we are about to get back into. The pleasantly warm interglacial periods, that are wedged between the large glacial periods, are in the longer sweep of time, short climate anomalies. They cover only 15% of the overall timeframe. The present climate is an anomaly, with a new 'night' looming before us.
(16 We should have celebrated the present anomaly )
We should have celebrated the present anomaly in which our civilization developed, which gave rise to remarkable cultures and a world-population of seven billion people. Instead we have developed war, terror, looting, slavery, and now, we even cry for depopulation.
(17 The stage for nuclear war our extinction )
We have even prepared the stage for nuclear war that would likely assure our extinction.
The trek to tragedy, insanity, and inhumanity, leaves one to wonder if a celebration of our interglacial holiday would actually be warranted. It seems we have suffered enormous losses on the humanist scale during our nicely warm, good times.
(18 An enormous mental regression comes to light )
If one compares the great Giza pyramids in Egypt, which were evidently built by a civilization that emerged from the last Ice Age, with the later pyramids built during the time of the Pharaohs, an enormous mental regression comes to light.
(19 Incomparably superior )
The earlier pyramids are incomparably superior in all aspects of design, precision of construction, celestial alignment, and so on.
(20 In comparison with the Giza pyramids )
In comparison with the Giza pyramids, the later pyramids from the time of the pharaohs, are primitive imitations. It appears that the cognitive power of humanity had been diminished during the intervening thousands of years between the two building projects.
(21 A culture of the cosmic-ray rich times )
The early builders had produced monuments of great quality and ingenuity that are counted among the wonders of the world. Their achievement would be natural for a culture that had come out of the cosmic-ray rich times.
(22 Cultures of the cosmic-ray starved time )
In comparison, the product of the later cultures - the cultures of the cosmic-ray starved time - would by the ongoing regression, have been monuments of mediocrity, which they are.
(23 Rich in cosmic-ray 'nourishment.' )
The pattern of great achievements, coinciding with periods of increased cosmic-ray flux, is supported by numerous types evidence. We find that many great cultural achievements were wrought in times of exceptional cold times during the current interglacial period. Cold periods result from diminished solar winds that weaken the heliosphere and enable increased cosmic-ray flux to reach the Earth. This means that exceptional cold periods are exceptionally rich in cosmic-ray 'nourishment.' The cold climates result as a consequence of increased cosmic-ray flux. The increase, increases cloudiness on Earth.
(24 The CLOUD experiment at the CERN labs )
It has been experimentally verified with the CLOUD experiment at the CERN labs in Europe, that cosmic-ray induced ionization dramatically increases the water-vapor nucleation that forms clouds.
(25 Increase in aerosol nucleation )
The increase in aerosol nucleation went straight up and off the chart, when artificial cosmic rays were added during the experiment.
(26 Cloudiness reflects solar radiation back into space )
On the global scale, increased cloudiness reflects a greater portion of the incoming solar radiation back into space, which thereby is lost to the heat budget on Earth, so that the Earth gets colder. This means that historic cold periods where periods of greater cosmic-ray flux density.
(27 Greatest scientific and cultural developments )
It is not surprising therefore, that the greatest scientific and cultural developments occurred during these cold periods. The fall of Rome, and the rise of Islam and the Islamic Renaissance occurred during a deep cold period. Inversely, all the horrible periods in history occurred during the great warm peaks. The Minoan warming coincides with the Vedic and Brahmanic Dark Age in India. In the same manner, the Roman warming coincides with the rise of Rome that nearly destroyed civilization. And the Medieval warming coincides with the Dark Age period of utter political insanity and inhumanity.
(28 Centered on the Maunder Minimum in solar activity )
And later again, during the deep cold of the Little Ice Age, centered on the Maunder Minimum in solar activity, all of the great geniuses emerged that had ushered in the scientific era, from Kepler to Gauss, and in music from Bach to Mozart and Beethoven.
(29 When the Ice Age actually begins )
If these comparisons suggest a trend, then we can look forward to a lot of good things coming to the foreground as we are moving deeper into the cosmic-ray rich era towards the next Ice Age, and more so when the Ice Age actually begins, which may be only 30 to 40 years away.
(30 The New World must be built )
It is uncertain, of course, if this trend is sufficient by itself to get the infrastructures built to protect our food supply and to create a new world. The simple fact is that the New World must be built before the Old World ends, which ends with the start of the next Ice Age, potentially in the 2050s.
(31 The Ice Age dynamics )
Let's review the Ice Age dynamics.
(32 Issues related to solar dynamics science )
Because there are numerous, interlocked issues involved in the arena of solar dynamics, and numerous illusions prevail about them, the exploration becomes somewhat lengthy, especially because many of the issues that are related to solar dynamics also include a wide-ranging complex of science.
(33 The Ice Age dynamics relevance for today )
Furthermore, because of the critical nature of the Ice Age dynamics and their immediate relevance for today's world, a high degree of certainty in understanding is required for the policies to be established for building the necessary infrastructures, especially when the heart of the challenge involves aspects that we cannot see. We cannot see with the eye what happens in the future, but we can see this with the mind by understanding the effects of principles and their manifestations and consequences.
(34 We kill our children )
It is this seeing with the mind, that we must trust sufficiently to place far-reaching policies on that we need to implement quickly, even when they involve future requirements before they happen. That's requires a lot from humanity to come to terms with. However, to fail would mean, that we kill our children, and us with them, when the Next Ice Age begins and we are not ready for it.
With this in mind, how do we begin to develop a sense of certainty?
According to general perception, Ice Ages are rare, distant events, almost like dreams that are too far removed from reality to be taken seriously.
(35 Some say that Ice Ages do not really happen )
Some say that Ice Ages do not really happen. They say that Ice Ages are not possible from a scientific basis, according to the nature of the Sun that is generally recognized as an invariable constant.
(36 What would cause the Ice Ages? )
Indeed, if the Sun would not change, what would cause the Ice Ages?
(37 Volumes of evidence, that Ice Ages do occur )
It is well established, and supported with volumes of evidence, that Ice Ages do occur. We find the evidence in deep-see sediments, as it is shown here, that Ice Ages have occurred for the last two million years, as far back as the dawn of man.
(38 Concurring evidence in the ice of Antarctica )
And we find concurring evidence locked in the ice of Antarctica, that covers only the last quarter of the Pleistocene, the modern ice epoch? All this means that we have a paradox to resolve.
(39 Under the theory of the constant Sun )
Under the theory of the constant Sun, which is the currently accepted theory, the gigantic climate oscillations shown here, are not possible.
(40 When ice sheets pile up so massively )
When ice sheets pile up over much of the northern continents, so massively that the ocean surface drops by more than 400 feet, as the water is turned into ice, and winter sea ice extents as far south as Los Angeles, we are looking at giant effects that have an enormously large cause.
Ice Ages are not fringe events. Since we are extremely close to the next round of these gigantic effects unfolding, it becomes imperative that the cause be understood sufficiently for the paradox to be resolved, in order that preparations can be made for the gigantic glaciation environments that now stand before us, potentially starting in the 2050s.
(41 Ask whether the general perception is true )
In order to resolve the paradox quickly, one needs to ask whether the general perception is true, that the Sun is an invariable constant. The plain evidence that we see before us refutes the general perception that the Sun is an invariable star. The evidence and its meaning may be hard to accept, since the constant-Sun theory is so widely promoted that it has become effectively, a doctrine.
(42 A sphere of atomic gas )
The general perception is that the Sun is a sphere of atomic gas, mostly hydrogen and some helium, and that within its core, at a calculated temperature of 15 million degrees Kelvin, at a gas density 150 times the density of water, nuclear fusion reactions do occur that generate vast amounts of energy by which the Sun becomes a brilliantly radiant sphere in the sky that has burnt for billions of years with unchanging intensity, and will keep on burning for a few more billion years to come.
(43 When the Sun is regarded as a constant factor )
However, when the Sun is regarded as a constant factor in the climate equation, with a supposedly unvarying energy output for all times, what then would cause the Ice Age phenomena that are known to have occurred, that we have physical evidence of?
(44 Under a constant Sun )
Under a constant Sun, no cause would exist for continental ice sheets to form, much less to form more than 10,000 feet deep, in which so much water is laid up on land as ice that the ocean levels become lowered by 400 feet. These enormous effects require a corresponding cause. But where is the cause?
One approach for solving the paradox has led to the search for theories that might possibly support the phenomena of Ice Ages under a constant Sun.
This approach became known as The Milankovitch Cycles Theory.
(45 The Milankovitch Cycles theory )
The Milankovitch Cycles theory
(46 The Milankovitch Cycles Theory )
There was a time when it appeared that a credible Ice Age theory is conceivable, even under the doctrine of the constant Sun.
It was theorized at the time, that the known, slight variations over long periods of time, of the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit around the Sun, and the tilt of its spin axis, and also the shifting of the orientation of its axis', would, if the cyclical variations were combined, create the needed conditions inwhich Ice Ages might occur. This theory was named the Milankovitch Cycles Theory in honour of the Serbian geophysicist and astronomer Milutin Milankovich, who has pioneered the theory.
(47 Insulation - or inversely, solar forcing )
There was much talk, at the time, about computed variations of the exposure of the Earth to the Sun, by latitude and by season, referred to as measurements of insulation - or inversely, solar forcing - which were deemed to have such large effects that cyclical Ice Ages could occur.
However, over time, the theory lost support, especially when it became apparent that the computed cycles of theorized solar exposure do not really match the known historic observations.
(48 Orbital variations secondary phenomena of the larger cause )
For example, it became apparent that the actual climate trends that were measured in the ice in Antarctica were frequently off by tens of thousands of years from the computed values that are deemed to have caused them. The large difference suggests that the orbital variations were themselves secondary phenomena of the larger cause that causes the Ice Ages.
(49 Measured trend preceded the computed cause )
In the green circle the physically measured trend has lagged the assumed computed cause by as much as 20,000 years in some cases, while in later times, in the orange circle, the measured trend preceded the computed cause by roughly 10,000 years. When events precede an assumed cause, the assumption for the cause is evidently wrong.
(50 According to the computed values )
Also, according to the computed values, the Earth should be in a deep Ice Age already that should have started thousands of years ago. The fact that this hasn't happened, puts the Ice Age theory, based on orbital cycles variations, still further into doubt.
(51 Merely fringe effects of the immense changes )
The theory lost even more support when it became eventually recognized that the orbital variations that supposedly cause the Ice Ages, only affect the seasonal and hemispheric distribution of the solar energy received, while the total amount of the energy that is received from the Sun, remains the same in every case, regardless of how the Earth's spin axis is tilted and oriented, and its orbital eccentricity varies.
It is far more rational, therefore, to assume that the minute orbital characteristics that have been detected, are not the causative force of the Ice Ages at all, but are themselves merely fringe effects of the immense changes in the electromagnetic environment in the solar system that logically occur in Ice Age epochs, which are themselves the effect of much larger causes.
(52 Inconsistent with a constant Sun )
When 400 feet of the ocean's surface is laid up on land as continental ice sheets piled up more than 10,000 feet deep, and sea ice extends as far south as Los Angeles, then we have big causes at work for these gigantic effects. The known gigantic effects are inconsistent with a constant Sun of unvarying intensity.
(53 The Milankovitch Cycles Ice Age theory became buried )
Thus, the Milankovitch Cycles Ice Age theory, which is built on the constant-Sun theory, became effectively buried.
However, with it being now buried, no real scientific basis remains standing to pin the Ice Age phenomena onto, under the heaven of a constant Sun.
This means the the Sun is not a constant star at all, but is a highly variable star, and that some gigantic forces are at work that affect the action of our Sun, by which the big Ice Ages do happen. But before we look at the dynamics of the changing Sun, let's look at the evidence first that speaks loud and clear of the Sun being a variable star.
(54 Hard evidence preserved in ice )
Hard evidence preserved in ice.
(55 Ice preserved from previous Ice Ages )
Great volumes of evidence exists buried in the ice preserved from previous Ice Ages, which tell us unmistakably that Ice Ages are real, enormously extensive, and global in scale. And that's based on hard measurements.
(56 Hard measured evidence preserved in the ice )
We find the hard measured evidence preserved in the ice in both the northern and southern hemisphere, and also in seabed sediments strata.
(57 Major research sites )
The hard evidence has been measured at two major research sites in Antarctica, named Vostock, and E-PICA or Dome-C, and at the opposite end of the Earth, at two major sites in Greenland, named GRIP II and N-GRIP.
All the different measurements tell us essentially the same thing. They speak of deep Ice Ages that were globally extended.
That the measurements are reliable, is evidenced by the strong agreement that exists between the various measurements, even when different methods for measurement are used.
Unfortunately, the historic ice does not yield direct temperature measurements. In the Greenland ice, the historic temperatures are deduced from measurements of the ratio between normal oxygen, found in the ice, and a rare isotope of oxygen, oxygen-18 that is heavier. The ratio between the two is known to be affected by the temperature of water at the time it was evaporated into clouds, and during the transport before it became snow that became ice.
(58 Antarctica is essentially an ice desert )
In Antarctica, which has so little snowfall, which is essentially an ice desert, a different ratio is used for the measurement. Instead of oxygen being measured, hydrogen is measured there. The measured ratio that is used in Antarctica, is the difference between normal hydrogen trapped in the ice, and the heavy isotope of hydrogen, named deuterium.
Regardless of the different types of measurement, we see a strong agreement between all the measurements made, including those made in different hemispheres.
(59 The major difference )
The major difference between the Greenland ice, and ice in Antarctica is, that the Greenland ice gives us a much higher resolution of details. Ice is piled up in Greenland more than 10,000 feet deep, but it only takes us back in time 120,000 years.
(60 The ice in Antarctica, in comparison )
The ice in Antarctica, in comparison, which is slightly thicker and has thinner layers, takes us back more than half a million years in time. However, with so much history being compacted, the accumulation lacks the fine details.
(61 More than 85% of the last half million years )
It is safe to conclude, however, from these measurements, and from the global agreement between the various types of exploration sites; that Ice Ages are not a myth; that they are real; that for more than 85% of the last half million years, the Earth has been in an Ice Age environment.
The ice exploration also tells us that the 'normal' deep glaciation that has been the Earth's climate for most of the last two million years, gets periodically interrupted with nice warm interglacial climates, like the one we are in right now; which appears to have run its course, and is ending.
(62 Let's look at the Sun )
Now, with this in mind, let's look at the Sun, in search for the type of solar effects that match the effects that we see.
(63 Hard evidence on the Sun )
Hard evidence on the Sun.
(64 A myth, disputed by the Ice Age evidence )
In considering that the accepted constant-Sun theory is a myth, disputed by the Ice Age evidence. Let's look for what is real. This takes us far off the conventional track. In fact, the closer we look, we'll find that not a single item of tangible physical evidence exists that supports exclusively the theory that the Sun is a sphere of atomic gas that is internally powered by a process of atomic nuclear fusion. All available evidence points away from this. The evidence tells us that the widely accepted theory about the Sun is wrong.
(65 By looking through the umbra of the sunspots )
Just look at the Sun and the sunspots. By looking through the umbra of the sunspots at what lies below them, we don't see the brilliant interior that we should see if the Sun was internally powered by a nuclear furnace burning at its core. We see a Sun that is dark below its shiny surface. Indeed, this is what we should see, for a Sun that is externally powered.
(66 I have created a special video )
Further evidence even tells us that the assumptions that the generally accepted theory is built on, are not possible, physically. Since the subject of the externally powered variable Sun is a big subject by itself, I have created a special video for it. I am reviewing only a few highlights here, in which evidence presented in the video disputes the accepted solar theory and related theories.
(67 Helium-3 fusion is a nice fairy tale )
The accepted theory states that energy is produced in the core of the Sun by atomic interaction under extreme temperature and pressure, by which hydrogen is fused into deuterium, then into helium-3, which is deemed to fuse into helium-4, in a long chain of theorized reactions. Laboratory experiments dispute this. In NASA backed experiments it took a million times more energy to cause the helium-3 fusion to happen, than the fusion result gave back. The inefficiency is inherent in the high ratio of protons to neutrons that doubles the proton's repelling force versus the kinetic energy in mass to overcome the repulsion. The helium-3 fusion is a nice fairy tale that's extremely hard to achieve, even by the Sun.
(68 Ice Age evidence disputes the internal fusion )
The Ice Age evidence itself disputes the internal fusion theory. The internal solar fusion theory envisions very long heat transfer times from the core of the Sun to the surface. The envisioned convective heat transfer time has been estimated to be on the order of 30 million years. The energy travel time for photons, from the core to the surface, is said to be much shorter than this, in the range of 10,000 years to 170,000 years, which is still extremely long. The theorized, slow process, of energy oozing to the surface, leaves no room for the rapid and deep climate fluctuations that are able to pull the Earth out of deep Ice Age conditions to near interglacial climates, over the span of three decades, as evidence indicates has happened.
(69 Slow energy-oozing from the core of the Sun )
The slow energy-oozing from the core of the Sun cannot cause the enormously large and rapid climate oscillations that have occurred all the way through the last Ice Age, named the Dansgaard Oeschger oscillations.
(70 Rapid oscillations )
These rapid oscillations speak of extremely fast transition events from deep glacial conditions, all the way up to near interglacial conditions, and all this compressed into just three decades in some cases. Such enormous effects are not possible without an equally enormous cause. The internal-fusion-Sun theory is completely incompatible with this evidence, and renders the theory wrong.
(71 My video that explores the externally powered Sun )
My video that explores the externally powered Sun illustrates that such fluctuations are not only possible, but are completely natural. The video illustrates that the surface fusion process can collapse when the input streams diminish below the minimal level of density that is required for the process to function.
(72 Beyond the collapse the Sun goes inactive )
The video illustrates further that beyond the collapse point where the Sun goes inactive, we face reduced solar energy radiation.
(73 How fragile the solar process actually is )
The Sun's inactive energy output will likely reflect what we measure today in the umbra of the sunspots. The entire surface of the Sun will likely change as rapidly to its inactive state, as we see the sunspots opening up at the present stage. The sunspots illustrate how fragile the solar process actually is. When the sunspots open up, it takes a relatively long time for the collapsed areas to heal.
(74 Sunspots are highly significant )
The sunspots are highly significant for us to understand with the mind, what we see with the eyes. In the case of the sunspots we see conditions developing that disrupt the fusion process. We see a case before us where the fusion products have clogged up the fusion process, which collapsed the plasma containment system. As the magnetic environment disintegrates, a portion of the clogged up environment blows out, leaving a dark hole in the wake that gradually fills up again from the surrounding areas.
(75 Plasma is invisible. Gas would be visible. )
The dark sunspots tell us, that below the surface of the Sun, the entire Sun is made of plasma, instead of atomic gas. Plasma is invisible. Gas would be visible. What we see is critical, because the recognition that it is only possible for the Sun to be externally powered, also enables the recognition that the Sun can be externally interrupted when the magnetic fields collapse that focus plasma onto the Sun from interstellar plasma streams.
(76 When the shiny layer vanishes )
Then, when the shiny layer vanishes, what will we have remaining? The entire Sun will become as dark as we presently see it to be through the umbra of the sunspots.
(77 That's when the Ice Age begins. )
That's when the Ice Age begins. This is big. We will have to live in a world that has its solar heat input diminished by a whopping 70% in the space of a day, or days.
(78 The entire complex of the Ice Age dynamics )
The entire complex of the Ice Age dynamics rest exclusively on the potential for the Sun to go inactive, and that this will happen when the input plasma streams diminish below the minimum density that is required for the magnetic fields to form, which focus plasma onto the Sun.
(79 The term, 'important' is too weak )
The cut-off threshold is enormously important for humanity, especially at the present time.
Actually, the term, 'important' is too weak a term, because the very existence of humanity, in the near future, depends on the recognition of this critical point.
For as long as the Sun is deemed to be an atomic gas star with nuclear fusion occurring inside of it, by which it is deemed to be an invariable constant, the preparations will not be made for life to be able to continue under an inactive Sun.
In considering that the preparations will take decades to implement, to protect the world's food supply, the question that would enable humanity to start the needed preparations needs to be settled soon. If it isn't settled soon, humanity dooms itself by its inactions. The cut-off point is near. It cannot be avoided. Nor are reactive responses possible. When the transition begins, it is too late to react.
(80 Nuclear war six thousand new cities will have to be built )
It is physically easier to rid the world of the danger of nuclear war, because it is known where the bombs are located - which can all be destroyed in a week once the decision is made to do so.
The Ice Age Challenge, however, is not so easily met.
Extremely large infrastructures will be required to relocate the world's agriculture out of the Ice Age endangered areas into the tropics. This means placing most of the relocated agriculture afloat onto the equatorial seas, for the lack of available land in the tropics, and to have the floating complexes connected with intercontinental floating bridges.
At the same time six thousand new cities will have to be built, for a million people each, to service the floating agriculture and to enable the relocation of entire nations out of the areas that become uninhabitable under an inactive Sun with 70% less energy output.
As I said before, it will take decades to accomplish the feat, after we decide to start. Since we don't have much time remaining before the Ice Age begins, the critical breakthrough that enables us to start, will have to be made now. If this isn't happening, we murder our children by default when the Ice Age begins, and kill ourselves with it, those of us who expect to live beyond another 30 years.
But how can we be certain that the Ice Age transition will be happening, and will be happening soon? What hard evidence do we have that can jolt us out of the present dreaming of eternal sunshine, to the reality before us, and impel us to massively upgrade our world on the basis of this evidence?