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A large-scale, wave-like, cosmic disturbance has recently been measured. It has been measured with a gigantic observatory that spans 4 Km in two direction It is designed to measure changes in the speed of light as the result of disturbances is comic space, that are said to be 'Gravity Waves'.
The instrument splits a beam of light and directs it into two directions, then combines the mirrored reflection and looks for phase variations. It is reasoned that if a cosmic wave disturbs the background of space that affects the light propagation in one of the arms, a phase shift in the recombined light should result that should fluctuate with the pattern of the cosmic wave. Several such events have been measured. The result of one such events is shown here.
It has been theorized by leading physicists that the measured disturbance wave is a 'gravitational wave.' Consequently, it has been theorized that the measured phenomenon was the effect of two black holes orbiting gravitationally around their common center of gravity at ever-greater speed, and at ever closer distance.
It has been reasoned that the objects' closing in on each other would provide for the shortening wavelength of the measured disturbance wave, until the objects collide, whereby the wave suddenly stops.
It has been reasoned that when the wave stopped, the two black holes have combined, with which the disturbance wave ended.
It is believed that orbiting black holes would throw off gravitational waves that are propagated over long distances in cosmic space.
The scenario appears to be reasonable. Actually it isn't. It is physically not possible. The measured wave is real, of course, only the imagined cause for it is physically impossible.
It is tempting to assume that the illustrated scenario is magically possible, because in common experience, in the modern space age, Earth-orbiting satellites do fall out of their orbits and crash back earth. All satellites share this fate, unless their orbits are artificially maintained.
But, if this is so, why hasn't the Earth crashed into the Sun a long time ago in its 4 billion years of orbiting the Sun? Satellites tend to crash back to earth in the timeframe of a few years. However, the orbiting black holes were deemed to have crashed into each other in as short a time as a single second? So, why do we exist? If black holes crash in the frame of a second, why hasn't the Earth crashed into the Sun, as it should have in its long 4,000 million years of existence? Where did we go wrong?
According to the illustrated concept, which is accepted as mainstream theory, we should not exist.
The Earth should have been drawn into the Sun a long time ago, by the same principle that caused the two theoretical black holes orbiting their common center of gravity to collide into each other.
In the illustration, gravitational attraction draws the two massive objects ever-closer to each other. While the increasing centrifugal energy of the moving masses counteracts the attraction, it is deemed not enough to prevent them from colliding.
The answer is illustrated principle in a basic principle in Newtonian physics. It is an universally accepted fact. The principle applies to all orbiting objects. It is known as Newton's second law. According to it, we should not exist.
So why hasn't the Earth crashed into the Sun by this law, over time, in its billions of years orbiting the Sun?
Obviously the Earth hasn't crashed. This means that something is basically wrong with the illustrated concept, because we do still exist. In this case, do only binary star systems crash?
No, binary star systems don't crash either, in the real world, as has it been observed. Many binary star systems are known to exist. Their orbits don't collapse. The stars don't crash.
So, what's wrong with the illustrated scenario? Is Newton's law incorrect?
No, the paradox is not rooted in Newton's law. Newton's law is correct. The paradox is rooted in the simple fact that in our modern world physicists don't believe in physics anymore.
Apart from the fact that black holes, which are theorized to be neutron stars, are not physically possible in the real world, because free neutrons decay into protons within minutes, the orbital decay that is illustrated in not physically possible either, even while its principle concurs with Newton's law. Are you confused yet?
Why are we trapped by a paradox?
The Earth should have crashed into the Sun, but it hasn't.
Are we missing something?
How does one resolve the paradox?
Let's begin by exploring what is known about orbital dynamics, which applies to satellites and to the planetary system alike.
Way back in the 1600s, the astronomer Johannes Kepler discovered the existence of a natural relationship between the orbits of all the planets, regardless of their size and their distance from the Sun. He was astonished by the universal lawfulness that he saw expressed. He discovered that the orbital period to distance relationship was the same for the closest planet, as for the most distant planet, and for all the planets in-between.
Dozens of years later Isaac Newton explored the Kepler-discovered universal relationship, mathematically, in terms of a planet's distance and velocity.
The Radius r determines the effective gravitational radiance
(which diminishes with the square of the distance)
Newton reasoned that the orbits of planets are formed by the centripetal force that is caused by the gravitational attraction of the planets by the Sun, and that this force is offset by the centrifugal force that is outward oriented, because the energy of the mass in motion, which is a straight-line force, resists being bent into a circle by the force of gravity. He reasoned that the outward force balances the gravitational force, whereby the orbit remains stable.
It is self-evident that the two forces counteract each other in perfect equilibrium, as they result from the same cause, which is mass, velocity, and gravity.
It is also self-evident that when a moving object is forced from its natural vector V, into a circular path, the attraction that redirects the object's path has an accelerating effect on it. This means that when the gravitational attraction is greater than the centrifugal force, when the orbiting object is moving too slowly, as in the case when drag reduces is moving energy, the object's velocity becomes accelerated by the gravitational effect on it, though not enough to maintain the obit, but to impede its decay.
For all practical considerations, the cosmic drag on planets is so minuscule that orbits of planets can be deemed permanently stable, and affected only by the relationship between distance and velocity, a 10-1 relationship. The distance determines the pull of gravity that vectors the motion of the orbiting planet towards the sun, while the accelerated velocity of the vectored object resists the gravitational pull as a centrifugal force. This means that the orbital distance is determined by the orbiting object's velocity
The 10 to 1 relationship of distance to velocity, is a universal relationship that reflects the inverse diminishing of gravity with the square of the distance. The resulting relationship is expressed in all the planets' orbits. We see a roughly 100-fold difference in orbital radius between the planet Mercury, at 0.387 Astronomical Units, and the planet Pluto at 39.4 Astronomical Units, while we see only a 10 fold difference in their orbital velocity, with Pluto orbiting at 4.74 Km/sec and Mercury at 47.9 Km/sec. This relationship remains the same throughout the solar system, regardless of the size of a planet. That's how velocity determines the distance of the orbit, or vice versa.
Since the same gravity, acting on the same mass, causes both the centrifugal effect and the centripetal effect, regardless of the mass involved, an object's mass is not a determining factor for its orbit. No specific mechanistic relationship is apparent between the mass of the various planets and their orbital distance. Mass only becomes a factor when cosmic drag comes into play that diminishes an object's velocity. For all other considerations, the orbits of the planets are self-maintained by the interaction of gravity and vectored velocity.
In the case when the effective gravity affecting a planet becomes a temporarily a variable factor, when two planets in their orbits become aligned with each other and the Sun, then the changing gravity has a reduced pull on a planet. The orbit thereby expands. The vector is reduced with which the kinetic motion is forced off the straight-line path, and the velocity decelerates. Note, the kinetic energy in the system remains unaltered. This means that when the planets orbit out of alignment, the full gravity of the Sun becomes the effective gravity again; the directional vector of motion becomes steeper again; and the velocity accelerates, whereby the original orbit is restored. This means that when the kinetic energy, the motion energy, remains unaltered, but gravity fluctuates, the orbit becomes adjusted by the gravity to velocity relationship accordingly. This means that planetary alignment never causes any permanent change in a planet's orbit.
In the example shown here, where the Earth, colored red, is shown located between the Sun and an outer planet, colored blue, the Earth, by its position, is affected by gravity from two different directions, whereby the effective gravity from the Sun is reduced. This means that the Earth's orbit becomes deflected slightly away from the Sun, by the resulting higher orbit, the vector of deflection of the planet's motion becomes less, and its velocity becomes decelerated by the action. This also means that when the Earth moves away from the alignment with outer planet, the Sun's effective gravity becomes restored to its previous greater intensity, whereby the Earth's velocity accelerates and resumes its normal orbit.
The bottom line is that planetary interactions do not permanently alter their respective orbits, because the governing factors of velocity and gravity become restored after the planetary encounter ends. The same principle applies to Earth-orbiting satellites becoming affected by the gravity of the Earth's moon. The orbits become deflected temporarily, but always become dynamically restored, as determined by the effective gravity and velocity interaction.
In orbital physics, the factor of mass only becomes significant when the effect of cosmic drag comes into play that eats away at the kinetic energy of an orbiting mass. It slows it down. It reduces its velocity. As a result, the object's orbit decays. The factor of mass becomes critical here, because a larger mass carries a greater kinetic energy that is more slowly diminished by drag.
This means that the factor of velocity, which is a vectored (orbital) speed, is a critical factor for all orbital systems, and is the only factor that is naturally diminished by drag, which cannot be avoided, such as atmospheric drag for earth-orbiting satellites, or cosmic drag for planets and asteroids.
When drag reduces an orbiting object's velocity, the gravitational attraction has a stronger hold on it. The effect reduces the orbital radiance. While the orbital radiance is reduced, the increased vector of change in motion causes the orbital velocity to accelerate. It acts against the orbital decay. If the drag encountered was temporary, a lower stable orbit would be established.
In practice, drag is continuous. Consequently the orbital decay is continuous. The rate of decay is always in proportion with the intensity of the drag. When the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 encountered the dense region of the atmosphere, the now enormous drag consumed the station's motion energy so rapidly that the orbit collapsed and the station crashed back to Earth.
By this principle, every orbiting object will eventually crash, unless the energy is replenished that is lost by drag. And as I said, the rate of the orbital decay is inherently proportionate to the amount of energy being drained by the impeding drag.
This means that the rapid orbital collapse of two super-massive objects in motion, in the timeframe of less than a second, is not physically possible, because the kind of immense drag on the objects that would cause their enormous motion energy to be drained away in the space of a second is physically impossible. It is only possible in the imagination of a mind that doesn't believe in physics anymore.
The gigantic, near instantaneous, motion-energy depletion that would cause the illustrated orbital collapse and crash, within a second, is pure imagination. It is physically impossible.
Obviously, some higher-order cause was involved to generate the measured cosmic disturbance wave, which has been attributed to the illustrated mechanistic fairy tale.
This higher-order cause is evidently also the reason why the Earth hasn't crashed into the Sun, by cosmic friction, as it should have in a purely mechanistic universe, over the span of its four billion years of its existence.
This also means that the reason why the Earth did not crash, is NOT contained in Newtonian physics. In fact, a mathematical formula cannot be invented for the reason why the Earth did not crash into the Sun, or for what had caused the cosmic disturbance wave, for which the illustrated cosmic fairy tale has been invented.
The reason for both cases evidently lies in a higher-order causative force outside the box of Newtonian mechanics.
Outside the box, the observed phenomenon is rooted in the electromagnetic force that is 39 orders of magnitude stronger than the weak fore of gravity that rules as king in the Newtonian box.
Mainstream astronomy is not able
to recognize the reason why the
Earth has not crashed into the Sun.
The reason for this failures is:
that a long-prevailing science-barrier still blocks advanced perceptions
and puts completely out of reach whatever lays beyond it.
Neither is mainstream astronomy able to recognize the reason why the Earth has not crashed into the Sun. The reason for this failures is that a long-prevailing science-barrier blocks advanced perceptions and puts out of reach whatever lays beyond it.
The astronomer Johannes Kepler came closest to recognizing that something greater is involved in planetary dynamics, which is not the result of mass, gravity, and velocity interaction, which are the factors that define Newtonian physics. He discovered the existence of a principle that operates beyond Newtonian-type physics.
Kepler discovered a remarkable harmonic progression being expressed in the distance of the orbits of the planets. He likened the progression to the harmonic progression of musical tones. The relationship is so precise that if one plots the distance of the planets on a logarithmic scale, and their orbital period in the same manner, the planets line up in a perfectly straight line.
The expressed ordering evidently doesn't happen by chance. Something so precise and universal, must have a larger, and immensely powerful, organizing principle standing behind it that affects the entire solar system.
Kepler had discovered the result of an amazing operating principle, though not the cause for it that lay far beyond the scientific capability at the time, by almost four centuries.
The cause for what Kepler had discovered would not be recognizable until cosmic plasma physics opened the door to it, which even now lays still far beyond the science barrier that mainstream cosmology has erected against it.
This is the science barrier that blocks the recognition why the Earth has not crashed into the Sun, which Newtonian physics tells us should have happened long ago.
Beyond the Science Barrier begins the world of Plasma Physics.
Atomic Mass - Gravity - Velocity
action and reaction
the electromagnetic force
Electrons and Protons
attraction and repulsion
barrier in perception
In mainstream science, Newtonian physics is king. Mass, gravity, velocity, and related forces, are the only motivating forces recognized. The resulting limited recognition creates a wall that bars the recognition of what lies beyond that barrier in perception. Surprisingly, what it bars comprises 99.999% of the universe.
If one steps beyond the barrier, a world comes to light that is motivated by additional forces that are 39 orders of magnitude stronger than the Newtonian forces of mass, velocity, and gravity. We enter the amazing universe of electrons and protons, existing in free flowing form, termed plasma.
Plasma is the name of electrically charged particles named protons and electrons that interact with the electromagnetic force that causes enormous effects to happen that actively shape the universe. Protons carry a positive electric charge, and electrons a negative charge. Particles of unlike charge attract each other. This attraction far supersedes the force of gravity.
And particles of like charge repel each other, for which no equivalent exists in Newtonian physics. And that's where the plasma story only begins.
Plasma is not only incomparable with Newtonian physics, but is a type of mass that makes up roughly 99.999% of all the mass of the universe. The 0.001% of the mass that remains, is atomic mass, to which Newtonian physics applies.
Atomic structures are electrically neutral. In an atom the positive and negative electric forces are so perfectly balanced that they cancel each other out. This applies to all atomic structures, from the smallest to the largest.
The hydrogen atom, for example, contains one proton at its core, that carries a positive charge, and one electron surrounding it, that carries a negative charge. The combination adds up to a zero electric effect.
The largest atom, the uranium atom contains 92 of each. But again, the combined electric effect adds up to zero.
The result is that atomic elements respond only to mass, gravity, and velocity. These are the forces that Isaac Newton has dealt with, which are the forces that affect us on earth in everyday life, since the Earth is made up of atomic elements. The existence of plasma, in which the electrons and protons are free-flowing in space and interact with the electromagnetic force, had not been recognized in Newton's time.
In the solar system, the planets are made up of atomic elements. Newtonian physics thereby applies to the planets to a large degree. But the Sun is different. It is made up of plasma. The Sun is a giant star of plasma, as are all stars.
The Newtonian Sun
The Plasma Sun
barrier in perception
The Sun would not be able to exist as a sphere of atomic elements of its size, even as a sphere of hydrogen gas. By the laws of Newtonian physics, the resulting mass of the Sun, that becomes ever-denser towards its core, would be so great that gravitational attraction would crush all atoms in its core. A large gas sphere of the size of the Sun cannot exist. The concept is presently 'rationalized' with magical fudge factors, such as electron degeneracy theory.
But as a sphere of plasma, which interacts with the vastly stronger electric force and the associated magnetic force, the Sun is able to exist and to function as a Sun. By the plasma star principle, gravitational effects, affecting the dynamics in a large plasma sphere, tend to expand the physical size of a Sun far beyond mechanistic parameters, in a process of increased electric repulsion within its core that reduces the Sun's central mass density, increases thereby its circumference and surface area, which makes it more efficient for radiating energy and also for the production of atomic elements.
The Plasma Sun interacts with plasma from interstellar space that it attracts and becomes surrounded with. The resulting electric-force interaction on its surface causes plasma particles to be combined into atomic elements.
All natural atomic elements that exist are synthesized on the surface of the Plasma Sun, by the process of plasma interaction with the immense electromagnetic force. The planets that orbit our Sun, are the accumulation of the synthesized atomic elements that were dynamically produced by the Sun, and continue to be produced.
The planets are therefore the only large-scale atomic structures in the solar system. Their mass is extremely minuscule in comparison with the Sun. All the planets combined add up to a mere 14/100th of a percent of the mass of the Sun.
The electrically neutral, synthesized atomic elements, flow away from the Sun in the flow of the solar wind. But not all atomic elements are equal. Some are light. Some are heavy. With the atomic elements being electrically neutral, Newtonian physics comes into play again. The heavy elements that flow from the Sun are the first to fall out, being attracted by gravity. They are attracted by the gravity to the mass of the heliospheric current sheet that extends from the Sun for a long distance, which also makes up the ecliptic of the planets' orbits.
The planets orbit in this ecliptic space, because they were born there, each with its own unique makeup that reflects the fall-out pattern of the atomic elements flowing from the Sun.
The heliospheric current sheet, evidently plays a big role in the forming of the planets and their alignment with it that creates the ecliptic.
The heliospheric current sheet extends from the Sun all the way to the heliosphere, which is a shell of plasma that surrounds the solar system at a distance roughly 100 times the distance from the Sun to the Earth. That's the distance where the solar wind ends up. The heliospheric current sheet extends between the two with an in-flowing plasma current.
The heliosphere is a shell of plasma inflated by the solar-wind pressure. It is also a part of a still larger electromagnetic structure that focuses interstellar plasma, in the form of a concentrated streams of plasma, unto the Sun.
The flow in the heliospheric current sheet is inwards oriented, towards the Sun. Here it becomes interesting.
With the current sheet being circular, centered on the Sun, the current density is increasing in a geometric progression as it flows towards the Sun. This geometric progression has a critical effect on the planets, as their orbits are aligned with the current sheet.
Here another principle in plasma physics becomes important.
When an electric current is flowing in two parallel wires in the same direction, the wires are attracted by the magnetic field that the current flow creates around the wires. The attracting force is called the Lorentz force.
When plasma is flowing in space, magnetic fields are likewise created by the electric flow, which draw all the flowing plasma particles towards each other into ever-tighter streams. As the streams become more dense, the magnetic fields become increasingly stronger.
Eventually the plasma stream is forced backwards into extremely high concentrations.
If the attracting object is a sun, the concentrated plasma is focused onto that sun. The sun becomes thereby the Node Point. It becomes surrounded by concentrated plasma and consumes some of it in nuclear synthesis. The rest flows on in a complimentary outflow to the next star in line. Stars are often seen aligned into strings - strings of flowing plasma with Node Points along their path.
The plasma flowing in the heliospheric current sheet, likewise forms Node Points along its path, except in this case the Node Points form a circle, they form Node Rings. And because the space through which the current flows becomes geometrically smaller, the space between the Node Rings becomes smaller and smaller in a geometric progression. The Node Rings are both energy intensive and magnetically intensive, which creates an unique environment for the atomic outflow from the Sun to congregate and combine into planets. Thus, as the node rings are spaced in geometric progression, the orbits of the planets are so spaced, likewise.
That's what Johannes Kepler saw back in the 1600s, and was amazed by it. Hew saw the result, but not the cause. He also didn't recognize that in the result that he saw, lies the reason why the Earth hasn't crashed into the Sun. This reason is only now becoming apparent.
The reason is that the same electro-dynamics principle that have caused the planets to be formed in lime with the Node Rings, actively maintains the orbits in their alignment. It doesn't matter therefore, how much cosmic drag a planet may encounter, because its orbit will be maintained on 'track' by the electromagnetic effects of the node rings of the heliospheric current sheet that have created the orbits in the first place.
Only when the primer fields collapse, and the heliosphere collapses with it, will the orbits be no longer maintained, and begin to decay. This happens during every glaciation period of the Ice Age epochs. The Node Rings do not form during the glaciation periods. because glaciation is the result of the primer fields having collapsed. These situations typically lasts for 90,000 years.
In cosmic terms the 90,000-year intervals when the orbits are not actively maintained, are too brief for the orbits to be seriously affected. The planets' mass-to-cosmic-drag ratio is far too large for any significant orbital decay to occur in this 'short' period, due to cosmic drag. Of course, when a glacial period ends, as the primer fields form anew, the orbits of the planets become quickly readjusted by the powerful electromagnetic forces of the Heliospheric Node Rings that always form when the primer fields are active.
However, the same cannot be said about the countless small asteroid objects that exist in the asteroid belt. The objects are small. This means they have a vastly greater surface to mass ratio than the planets, and are therefore heavily affected by cosmic drag. Their orbits do indeed decay dramatically during the 90,000 year gap without orbital correction.
The orbital decay of the asteroids objects becomes visible when the objects begin to impact the Earth's atmosphere. This happens typically half-way through the glaciation cycles. When the objects enter the atmosphere, they explode into dust. We see the resulting dust concentrations in ice core samples of Antarctica.
The upper graph shown here is of the temperature plotted spanning four Ice Age cycles. The lower graph shows the dust concentrations for these periods. As one would expect, in each of the four cases the dust concentration in ice, abruptly ends when an interglacial period begin. The boundary for each case is marked in red. Past the red boundary the orbits are supported again, electro-dynamically, and the dustiness ends, abruptly.
Another factor comes into play that affects the Earth's orbit during the glacial period. When the Primer Fields collapse that normally focus plasma onto our Sun, *** The plasma sphere that surrounds the Sun diminishes dramatically.
* not included in the video
*** The collapse of the plasma sphere reduces the effective mass of the Sun, and thereby its gravitational hold on the planets. The loss of mass is evidently large. A plasma sphere that is several times larger in diameter than the Sun itself, contains a very-large gravitational mass. When this mass is no longer maintained, the gravitational loss would cause the planets' obits to expand.
* not included in the video
*** The effect would be what we see here. The expanding orbit during the glacial period would increase the Earth's distance to the Sun and make the Earth colder, and it would also reduce the solar cosmic-ray flux density that affects the Earth (measured in Berillium-10 ratios). Both of these factors are evident in ice core samples.
* not included in the video
The dust pattern illustrates a feature of the Ice Age dynamics
and of the Plasma Universe at the boundary where Newtonian Physics and Plasma Physics meet.
It is amazing what can be discovered in the vision of an open mind, in which old antiquated theories, like the Gas-Sun theory, fall by the wayside.
The mechanistic Gas Sun
The electro-dynamic Plasma Sun
We now look at the Sun with a wider view than mechanistic principles had provided. We now see electrodynamics expressed that weren't even recognized to exist in the days when the Gas-Sun model was invented.