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Life on Earth is an incredible experience. Indeed, life itself is incredible.
And the human being at the pinnacle of it, is so complex in its design and in operation that we have barely scratched the surface in understanding it and its significance, even at the small biological level of our procreation.
Our part in the creative process is physically so minuscule that it is barely worth the mention. We do our little part. And even this is itself impelled by impulses that we merely react to. And once our little deed is done, the rest unfolds automatically beyond our control, and largely beyond our understanding of it.
Then, nine months later a new human being inhabits the Earth, who is eager to learn, to discover, and to develop itself. We call the offspring our children, as though we had made them, while in reality we had almost nothing to do with the incredible process by which humanity continues to exist. It would be far more correct in this light to regard all children as the children of our humanity, and ourselves likewise, and to care for the children and for one another accordingly, universally.
A few years down the line, the child begins to discover itself in the context of its larger world that it is a part of.
And in times after that, the child becomes an active participant in the dynamics of human living, with all its wonders, in as much its understanding will reach.
As grown-up adults, humanity begins to understand its history, and with it, it begins to open its eyes towards its future, both its individual future, and to some degree the future of humanity as a whole. This happens as society begins to open its inner eyes to the unseen dynamics of the world, which only science can bring to light. Here, a vista unfolds of what we have become.
The human species has developed from its distant beginning almost entirely during the Pleistocene Epoch in geologic history that spans roughly 2 million years.
The Pleistocene is also the epoch of the modern ice ages. Less than a quarter of it is shown here. Throughout this epoch, for 85% of the time, glaciati n conditions had gripped the Earth, which were interrupted only briefly with warm climates of short periods roughly 12,000 years in duration, occurring in roughly 120,000-year intervals.
What we call 'history' in modern terms, is the most recent part of the human journey that has occurred almost entirely during the current interglacial period that followed in the wake of the last Ice Age. This brief holiday from the cold, in which everything that we term civilization was developed, which has spanned slightly over 12,000 years to date, is represented by the expanded view. All that we have become - what we are today - has been developed in this relatively short period. Half-way through the period, the now common, written languages, were developed.
Later, in the period, for which the timeframe is shown expanded again, around the Little Ice Age of the Maunder Minimum, many of the great developments in science began.
In this period of the Little Ice Age, around the Maunder Minimum in solar activity, some of the great scientific geniuses had their day, whose contributions have uplifted the face of civilization. There we find Johannes Kepler uplifting science; and Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven, uplifting music; and so on.
The Little Ice Age itself was but a ripple on the larger climate horizon, as was the recovery of the Sun that broke us out of the Little Ice Age and gave the world one last taste of the congenial climates in which humanity grew up.
This most recent period, the period of the global warming, that got us out of the Little Ice Age, is shown expanded again, for its more immediate importance. In this last part we find the dawn of the industrial age and the age of large-scale energy utilization, the age of technologies, air transportation, giant cities, and advances in agriculture, which together enabled our minuscule human species to increase its presence on the Earth a thousand-fold beyond what the natural world had once been able to support with its rather meagre natural resources.
The big breakout in the power of human living began in the 1800s. It started with the recovery of the Sun and lasted till around the year 2000 when the modern climate reversal began.
The big open question in this is, whether the solar reversal after the year 2000 can be seen as the beginning of the end of the interglacial period? The interglacial periods typically begin sharply and end sharply. That's what the ice core records convey to us. They tell us that our current interglacial was a wonderful holiday, under a brilliant Sun that is about to end, that we've taken for granted, and still do so, because this is all we have ever known and experienced. This means that the 15% portion - the slim interglacial spike that is all that we have ever known, is now fast ending for reasons that it is a climate anomaly in the over-all context, and is not representative of what is normal.
The problem is, that it is hard for us to imagine that what we have believed to be the normal world is as fleeting as a puff of smoke blown into the wind, after which the actually normal world resumes that ice core measurements tell us may be 40 times colder than the Little Ice Age had been.
Humanity is totally unprepared for living in an Ice Age world. Most people live outside the tropics above the 23 degree latitude. These higher-latitude regions promise to become rapidly uninhabitable, possibly in less than a single year. The blue line is the permafrost line.
We have built our world around the basis of the present warm climate. We have established great cities and cultures in these areas where soon no one will be able to live anymore, much less grow food there. How then can humanity survive when the Ice Age phase shift begins?
The physical option for the survival of humanity is simple. It is as simple as all the nations that live outside the tropics to relocate themselves into the tropics, which means building 6000 new cities for a million people each, complete with new industries and new agriculture.
This means that most of the new infrastructures, including the cities and agriculture, be placed afloat onto the sea for the lack of suitable land in the tropics. The technologies for building the new infrastructures do exist; and so do the materials and the energy resources. But do we see anyone moving on this vital front to get the job done, or even started? We see nothing moving there. That's where the big problem lies. It lies in us, in humanity as a whole. It lies in the lacking recognition of the principles that govern the dynamics of our world, and the motivations that govern ourselves in respect to what we know.
Sure, we have created a specific type of science for exploring the solar dynamics. We have created the science of astrophysics for this, the queen of the sciences.
Unfortunately, as it is so often the case, the queen of the sciences is not free, nor has it been free for most of its history.
For a long period since the days of Ptolemy, the science of astronomy had its course dictated by religion. It was said in historic times that all the orbits in the heavens must follow the path of perfect circles, because, with the heavens being perfect, and the circle being a perfect geometric construct, no other options is theologically possible.
However, because the observed evidence didn't match the doctrine, fudge factors needed to be invented to bring the evidence into line with the doctrine. Astronomy is still stuck in this trap.
In Ptolemy's time the invented fudge factors where the imagined epicycles and the imagined equant. The inventions for self-deception were so well done that astronomy became self-imprisoned by them for 1700 years.
The epicycles and the equant had kept astronomy chained to a false concept for all this time until the astronomer Johannes Kepler stepped away from the doctrine, looked at the evidence, and subsequently discovered in the process of honest looking at the relatively obvious, the orbital dynamics that reflect the physical principles of mass, velocity, and gravitational interaction.
With Kepler's discovery, by simply looking at the evidence that tells its own story, a new freedom opened up in astronomy. Nevertheless, modern astronomy is still trapped into the mysterium of imposed doctrines, such as the doctrine of orbiting stars that is completely impossible under the orbital laws that Kepler had discovered.
In order to make the impossible seem plausible, new fudge factors have been invented, such as the super massive black hole, dark matter, and dark energy, and so forth, which are once again, as of old, imagined phenomena that no one has ever seen, but are simply made up or inferred. Thus, astronomy still remains imprisoned under doctrines, by its own self-deception, instead of it looking for what actually moves the universe.
This simply means that the dark age hasn't ended in which doctrines keep scientific perception in chains. Another imprisoning doctrine is called entropy. Entropy is a concept by which every dynamic expression in the universe is deemed to diminish towards a zero-energy state, like a wind-up toy or clock comes to a stop when the energy that has been wound up into its spring, or supplied in batteries, becomes exhausted. While the concept of entropy accurately defines these types of wind-up system, it clearly doesn't define the universe, which everyone can easily recognize.
The doctrine of universal entropy has been promoted with the invention of the Big Bang theory, as a fudge factor that is designed to make the impossible seem plausible.
The invented theory envisions a universe that was created in a primordial, bang, in which all the energy and matter was created with which the universe is formed, and which is all that the universe will ever have, so that, necessarily, the universe is on a path of winding down towards its ultimate 'death.'
A component of the Big Bang theory is the hydrogen model for the Sun. It envisions the Sun as a sphere of hydrogen gas that is compressed by gravity to such immense density that nuclear fusion occurs that in which hydrogen atoms are forged into helium atoms, in a process in which energy is deemed to be created that perculates to the surface and lights up the Sun to a brilliant sphere in the sky.
The Sun is thereby deemed to consume itself as it burns its hydrogen into helium. That's the theory. It completely adheres to the doctrine of entropy.
But the theory is not true, is it? The visible evidence doesn't support the theory. Everyone has seen the evidence bright and clear that renders the hydrogen-Sun theory to be false, by simply looking at the sky when a rainbow appears. Seven distinct colors can be recognized in the rainbow with numerous shades of them in between, in a continuous band of color without gaps and breaks.
The same continuous band of color can be seen when the sunlight is passed through a prism. All the colors and the shades in between are contained in the sunlight, which are sorted out and separated by the prism according to their wavelength.
However, when one looks at the light that hydrogen gas is able to emit, in comparison with the sunlight, one sees only 5 narrow strips of light with nothing in between. Two of the strips are so faint that they wouldn't even be visible in a rainbow.
The simple evidence that one sees in comparing the sparse hydrogen-light spectrum with the actual sunlight spectrum, proves that the theory of the hydrogen Sun, is impossible, though it has become near-universally accepted as a kind of doctrine. The hydrogen Sun theory is impossible, because it cannot produce the sunlight that we see. The evidence is so dramatic that, surely, anyone would agree that the hydrogen Sun theory is false
"Can you recognize that it is false?" one might ask a schoolgirl.
"Of course, it is false! How could it not be false?" the girl might answer.
"The difference between the light that the theory gives us, and the light that the Sun gives us, is like night and day. The theory doesn't come even close. The theory is false, because the nature of the hydrogen atom is too primitive.
Our teacher told us that the hydrogen atom has only one electron. The teachers says that when an atom absorbs energy, its electron jumps to a higher orbit. But since it can't stay there, it snaps back, whereby the energy is re-transmitted, and flows away from it as a photon of light. With hydrogen having only one electron, the teacher says, it can produce only a few types of photons, because there exist only so many higher orbital spaces that the electron jump into, and back from. This is why only 5 different colors can be emitted by a hydrogen atom, in narrow strips.
But if one was to combine the light that is emitted from a few different types of atoms, which all have different emission spectra, which in some cases also have many more of them, as in the case of uranium that has an extremely complex atomic structure, as the teacher tells us, then the result would add up to something much closer to the full spectrum of the sunlight, though it still would not be quite enough.
"Open your eyes further," Johannes Kepler would say to the child if he was alive today. "Combine in your mind not only the light spectra of just four or five atomic elements. How about 94 of them, all emitting light together, each with its own array of spectra. Wouldn't their combination be sufficient to produce the sunlight that we see?
The girl would nod in agreement. "In this case, all of the atomic elements would have to be energized together, right at the surface of the Sun. But why would they be there? Wouldn't they all fall into the Sun and vanish from sight?"
"They would be there, all of them together, if they were dynamically created there, right at the surface of the Sun," Kepler would answer. "All atoms in the universe are assemblies of electrons and protons. It takes a lot of energy to combine them into atoms. But in space they exist in unbound form. In this form they are termed plasma. Also, they all have an electric charge. In an atom the charges are balanced, and thereby neutralized. In space, the charges are dynamically mixed. Your teacher may have told you about that.
"This wasn't known in my time," Kepler would continue, "but it is known now. It is known that almost all of the mass in the universe exists in the form of plasma, at least 99.999% of it does so. Now, while the Sun is evidently not a sphere of hydrogen gas, it is possible for the Sun to be a sphere of plasma that attracts plasma from surrounding space. In fact, plasma is focused onto the Sun in highly concentrated form. This plasma is literally forced onto it. It binds it up into bundles with the electric force, and creates tightly knit atomic elements with it, right at its surface, whereby the sunlight is created that thereby appears to be the Sun's surface."
Kepler might ask the girl, who would likely be smiling at this point, "Can you visualize with the power of your mind, such an atom-synthesizing process happening right at the surface on the Sun? If so, how would you know with certainty that what you see is true?"
"I know it to be true," the girl would answer, "because I can see the truth with my own eyes. When one looks at the Sun through the umbra of the sunspots that are holes in its shiny surface, the Sun appears dark inside."
"It's plain for all to see," she would say. "No one has ever seen anything different. I asked the teacher about it. He says that this subject goes beyond the curriculum that he is allowed to teach."
"I was luckier in my time," Kepler would answer. "In my time, during the 30-Years War, everybody was too busy killing one-another. The exotic doctrines carried little weight then, for which the epicycles and fudge factors were invented."
"I was free to look at the universe honestly," Kepler would say to the girl. "It is amazing what one begins to discover by becoming free to what unfolds in the perspectives of the mind. It becomes an incredible experience to experience oneself as a human being.
What comes to light there is grander than the grandest landscape and the brightest rainbow. Nothing comes even close to that, just to be able to see this.
I wrote my discoveries down in a book that I named the New Astronomy. I didn't care whether anyone would understand me for another thousand years. I knew that what I had discovered is the truth, and I was glad to share it."
"Well, it didn't take a thousand years," the girl would answer back. "Your discoveries are now routinely utilized to calculate spaceflight trajectories. What you saw has timeless significance."
"This is why you should be afraid for your life," Kepler would answer back. "The history books may tell you that I starved to death. I died in the fields out of weakness while searching for food for my children. Too much had been destroyed in the 30-Years War. Too many people had been killed, and farms burned to the ground. Food production had collapsed. More people likely starved to death than were killed in the war. I am saying this, because you still have a chance to avoid the same fate.
"But before you will ask me why I am saying this, let me ask you instead how secure our Sun really is, as you now see it, which is a sun that depends on energy supplied from space."
The girl would nod and answer a while later, hesitatingly, "Our Sun cannot be a secure Sun if it depends on external energy flowing to it from space. But how certain can we be that it is vulnerable?"
"You should be able to answer this yourself," Kepler would say. "Your teacher may have presented the answer in your physics class. It is a fact in basic physics that when an electric current flows in two parallel wires in the same direction, the wires attract one another by magnetic interaction, termed the Lorenz force. While wires are typically held in place, the flowing electric plasma in space gets pinched together by the attracting electromagnetic forces, which thereby increases the electric density and the resulting magnetic fields, which in turn increases the pinch effect still further. This goes on until the magnetic fields get all tangled up.
At this point the flowing plasma gets curled backwards and collects under a magnetic dome where it becomes further concentrated. Under the resulting pressure the concentrated plasma escapes through the open hole and gets focused onto the Sun where it is consumed by the process of atomic synthesis on the surface of the Sun."
The girl begins to smile again. "I can see what you are getting at, she interjects.
"When the interstellar plasma streams become too weak for the magnetic fields to become tangled up by the pinch effect, so that the plasma doesn't get flipped back and becomes concentrated thereby, to be focused unto the Sun, then the plasma density around the Sun becomes too weak for the plasma-fusion to be possible on the solar surface, on the grand scale as we have it now, which lights up the Sun, so that the electromagnetic fields that focus the plasma may break down. The Sun would go inactive then, when this happens, whatever this may mean. Our familiar Sun will then no longer exist in the way we see it today. It may become dim."
"No one has yet seen what our Sun will then be like," Kepler might interject, "but we can know this precisely, and long before it happens, because as human beings we have the capacity to see with the mind far into the future, by understanding the principles that govern the physical universe."
"Isn't this amazing what we, as little human beings, can be aware of," the girl might say. We can see what no bird or animal can as much as dream of, but we can see it happening in our mind as clearly as if it was plainly visible and was happening right now, instead of in future ages. Wow, what an experience! That's better than riding the swings. By understanding the basic principles of the universe, we can see the future long before it happens, in all critical details. Is this really possible? It would be the most incredible experience of them all," the girl would add.
"I was fortunate in what I did," Kepler might add, "because I had an extensive set of accurate astronomical measurements prepared for me by Tycho Brahe. I simply took his measurements, looked at them, and in the process of looking at them with the mind's eye it became evident to me what was really going on. Then, once I saw the answer that had evaded astronomers for 15 centuries, and knew that what I saw is true, I stood on the same ground that the slave boy had stood on in Plato's Mino Dialog, who had discovered the principle for doubling the area of a square, and could say in the end with absolute certainty that what he discovered is correct by simply looking at the visual evidence.
"The slave boy in the Meno dialog is guided by Socrates to discover the principle for doubling a square. He is guided to create a new square that is 4 times as big as the original square, and then divide each of the resulting four squares in half along the diagonal, which results in a square created by the diagonals that is twice as big in area than the original square. The slave boy could look at the result and say with absolute certainty that the resulting square is twice as big in area as the original square, by simply counting the triangles as evidence. He could see the evidence reflecting the principle. He knew the result to be true."
Kepler would add, saying to the girl, "You can experience today the same certainty in seeing the future before it happens, on the basis of the principles that you now know, and by seeing the reflection of these principles in measured historic physical events. You have amazing measurements available to you from the big ice coring projects that were completed at around 2003. You can see in them the principles reflected that you have come to understand as demonstrably truthful."
"In the big Greenland ice cores you have evidence measured for you, of large, steeply rising climate oscillations from deep glacial conditions all the way to near interglacial conditions and then back again, occurring in intervals of 1470 years, called the Dansgaard Oeschger Oscillation. Some of these oscillations were up to 40 times larger than the cooling had been, that had been experienced during the Little Ice Age in the late 1600s, that had devastating effects for many people."
"Are you saying that the Sun going inactive for the next Ice Age is not just a theoretical possibility, but is going to happen with the same certainty with which the slave boy in the Meno Dialog knew that he had doubled the square," the girl might interject. "Is this what you meant when you said that I should be afraid for my life? Did you mean this as a consequence of the Sun going inactive?"
Kepler would nod. "What we can see as the expression of universal principles is real. The coming Ice Age with an inactive Sun is real. The harsh consequences that result take astrophysics out of the academic domain and into the real world. Yes my dear, you should be afraid of loosing your life, because you will starve to death with absolute certainty if the infrastructures are not built for continuing agriculture under an inactive Sun. We are on the path already. The great phase shift to the next Ice Age is already in its pre-stage. We are moving towards it. It will happen as a sudden event, possibly in the 2050s. There are resonance cycles happening in all the big plasma streams, like the resonance cycles of your swing set. We can see their effect. When the big cycles come together at their minimal points and interact, big effects happen. The timing is predictable, and the consequences are predictable too. The plasma Sun is loosing steam. NASA's Ulysses spacecraft saw the beginning of it. The plasma density is fading fast. In its inactive state the Sun will diminish and become a red star, as the inactive stars are called. In its inactive state the Sun won't support agriculture as it is known today, even in areas that are not covered in ice"
"Your NASA's Ulysses spacecraft has measured a 30% drop in solar-wind pressure in the short span of just ten years ending in 2008. That's huge," Kepler would say. "At this fast rate of fading out, the solar wind may cease to flow altogether in the 2030s. The sunspot cycles are likewise diminishing at roughly the same rate, which means that the solar activity is diminishing. The fading solar wind reflects that. This is all clear evidence that the plasma streams that are focused onto the Sun are dramatically weakening."
"Does this mean that the Sun could go inactive any time after the 2030s," the girl would interject. "Does anyone realize what this means?"
"That's the wrong question," Kepler might answer. "The big question is: Do you know what this means? Are you willing to make the effort to assure that you will live? Are you willing to do whatever it takes? The phase shift may not happen before the 2050s. This leaves you 30 years to get the job done, which is not much time for the nations of the world to relocate themselves into the tropics," Kepler might add. "You ask: Does anyone realize what this means? The answer is, Yes. A human being can see precisely what this means, though few people presently recognize themselves as such. You, yourself, may not see precisely what happens when the primer fields collapse, or only one of the nested primer fields that focus plasma onto the Sun. You understand the principle to some degree, and have an inkling of what happens when the principle is no longer expressed.
"At this point many potential events could happen. It might be that the plasma fusion on the Sun will then no longer be possible, and stop. The photosphere might vanish. In this case previously created atomic elements would no longer flow away, but fall back into the Sun. They would fall deep into the Sun until their atomic structure would become crushed. This could happen. In this case the invested binding energy would be released in nuclear fissioning. Do we see evidence for this happening? Do we see the red-dwarf stars as evidence for that. Evidence exists that three quarters of all the stars in our galaxy are presently inactive stars of the red-dwarf type? This adds up to 300 billion inactive stars. But is our Sun destined to go this route and become a red-dwarf star? Or will our Sun, when its closest primer fields become inactive, simply continue on with a lower intensity plasma fusion and a lower surface temperature of the kind we see in the red-dwarf stars? These are the questions you need to ask, and keep on asking until you know with certainty what the future of the Sun will be."