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The theoretical model, of the Sun being a hydrogen-gas star that is self-powered by internal nuclear fusion, is archaic. It is so full of holes that it is hardly worth considering. No extraordinary evidence exist for what the theory claims.
Of course the lack of evidence is not surprising, because extraordinary evidence cannot be found for something that doesn't exist. That's why the theory resorts to magic.
Let's consider the sunspots. The sunspots are physical holes in the photosphere, which is the surface layer that we see. If the Sun was internally powered, then deeper region that we see through the sunspots, should be brighter, not darker.
This simple fact of the dark sunspots is evidence that the Sun is not powered from the inside, but is externally powered, and has all its energetic actions happening right on the surface. In this case one would expect nothing else than the region behind the surface layer to be dark.
Sunspots appear when holes are ripped in the surface layer by powerful plasma actions. Sometimes we see them in the form of large explosive actions that launch solar flairs into space, and sometimes as lesser actions that create smaller sunspots. In either case, the resulting holes, which let us see the deeper layers, reveal the deeper layers as being necessarily dark, because the energetic actions all happen on the surface.
The archaic gas-sun theory bids one to believe that the reason why the deeper layers below the sunspot holes appear dark, is that magical 'dark energy' that blocks light, is flowing through the holes and make them appear dark.
However, when this magic is set aside, a rather amazing real Sun comes into view. And so, the story of the real Sun begins with the sunspots.
What creates the sunspots, which are holes in the active surface, are streams of plasma that form on the surface, disrupting it.
In most cases the streams of plasma form giant loops by magnetic actions. Plasma is made up of electrically charged particles, which by their flow generate magnetic fields around them that direct and concentrate their flow according to electromagnetic principles. The resulting loops that can be extremely large, are termed prominences.
These types of electric loops are not unfamiliar on Earth. They sometimes happen accidentally in switch yards for very large electric transmission lines, when switch failures occur. On the Sun they happen naturally.
On the Sun, vast streams of electric plasma currents are constantly in motion. They are interacting with the surface of the Sun and with each other. In areas of extreme interaction, sunspots occur.
The electric plasma loops are the most evident result, even as they are not directly visible. Plasma is too small in size to be directly visible. It becomes 'visible' however, by us observing its effects that are caused when plasma interacts with atomic elements that become energized by flowing plasma. The energized atom in turn emit light that we can detect. Atomic elements become light emitters that reveal the flow pattern of the plasma streams.
The energy, however, that drives the gigantic processes, does not come from the Sun itself.
The surface powered Sun is necessarily externally powered. It is powered by interstellar plasma that is drawn to the Sun, and is focused onto it by electromagnetic processes.
The in-flowing plasma interacts energetically with the Sun, with the Sun being a sphere of plasma itself that has an extremely dense surface layer that is electron-rich. The combination of these is a perfect setup for plasma interaction to happen.
All this is possible, as I said, by the Sun being a Plasma Star rather than being a sphere of hydrogen gas.
A Plasma Star is a very-large sphere of plasma. With plasma being a 'soup' of electrons and protons that are electric charged and interact with each other, the dynamics of their interaction creates a unique density-distribution that enables the star that is a sphere of plasma to be a sun.
With the electrons of the plasma 'soup' carrying a negative electric charge, and the protons that are nearly 2,000 times larger in size, carrying a positive charge, the electric charge differential causes the electrons in the 'soup' to be drawn to the protons. However, before the electrons can latch onto the protons, the electrons are repelled away from the protons at a very close distance, after which, of course, they become attracted anew. In this manner the electrons swarm the protons.
With the protons being swarmed, they become electrically isolated thereby, with the effect that they are less repelled from each other.
An electric principle causes particles of equal charge to repel one another. However, in a large sphere of plasma, as of the size of our Sun, the swarming electrons tend to migrate away from the center, to the surface of the sphere. This means that the protons at the center become less isolated. Consequently they are able repel each other more at the center.
The result is that the center of the Sun is far less densely populated than the surface is, and that the surface becomes extremely dense thereby and extremely electron rich. By being inflated from the inside, the resulting Sun becomes rather large in size for its mass. A large Sun is needed to radiate large amounts of energy. And this is something that only a plasma sun qualifies for.
A gas sphere of the size of our Sun, would likely not be able to exist. The gravity compression at its center would far exceed in force what atomic elements can tolerate. A large gas sphere of the size of our Sun would crush the atomic structures in its core. The gas sphere would explode in a supernova fireworks before it became anywhere near as large as our Sun.
In order to make the gas-Sun theory plausible, the magical theory of Electron-Degeneracy has been invented that is deemed to enable the proton's electric repulsion to shine through the electron shells, and thereby prevent the collapse of the atoms.
Fortunately the magic is not needed, because giant gas spheres don't exist. Only plasma spheres can exist in super-large sizes. They attract plasma and become a Sun. And by being largely empty inside, the Plasma Sun has an extremely low overall mass density.
A gas sphere of the size of the Sun would be 1,000 times heavier than the Sun is, which isn't physically possible.
The principle of the electric-force-inflation inside large plasma spheres enables the forming of extremely large stars.
An example is the supergiant star UY Scuti that is 5 billion times larger in volume than our Sun, and outshines our Sun 340,000 fold.
UY Scuti does this with only 10 solar masses to its credit as astronomers claim. Most of it mass is concentrated on its surface.
On the electron-rich surface of a plasma star, which our Sun is, all the naturally occurring atomic elements are being synthesized. They are assembled in an energetic process that binds plasma particles together into atomic elements. Once created, the synthesized atomic elements, by them being electrically balanced, which makes them electrically neutral, flow away from the Sun with the solar wind.
But before the synthesized atoms flow away from the Sun, by virtue of them being intensely energized in the process that created them, they emit large volumes of light. That's where the sunlight originates.
Because our Sun synthesizes a large variety of atomic elements, each of which emit photons of light with its own pattern, the combination of their emission creates the wide seamless spectrum of the sunlight that we see. Thus the sunlight-spectrum presents extraordinary evidence that our Sun is a Plasma Star.
The next time that you look at a colorful floral scene, remember that you look at extraordinary evidence of an extraordinary Sun, a Plasma Sun, which alone can furnish the light for what you behold. This scene would be drab and largely colorless if it was illumined by the narrow spectrum emitted by hydrogen atoms.
With the plasma star being a variable sun, depending on the density of the in-flowing plasma, we have extraordinary evidence established that the fading cycles of climate fluctuations on earth are indeed caused by the Sun, on the basis that our Sun is a Plasma Star, which is a variable star that reflects changing external conditions.
The nature of a Plasma Star is, that it is NOT its own master, but reflects the density of the in-flowing plasma that powers it.
The feature of our Sun as a variable plasma star, renders our Sun fully capable of causing both the ice ages, and the interglacial periods between them that interrupt the ice age glaciation periodically.
This feature is what the archaic gas-Sun theory is not capable of. Consequently, the archaic theory puts the impending Ice Age far out of sight. When society clings to archaic models where nothing is real, it hides the actual reality from its vision. It thereby blocks the recognition that a new Ice Age is near and becomes its future.
Since society cannot respond to what it cannot see, society dooms itself by clinging to archaic models.
Image is from the 2016 G20 cultural gala in Hangzhou, China - Zhejiang TV
The call of the hour is to awake to what is real. But for this to fully happen, many more forms of extraordinary evidence may be required, with many more stories attached to them.