Click on the images for a
Fortunately we do have the capability at hand to avoid future flooding disasters, by simply relocating our agriculture into indoors facilities and place them afloat onto the equatorial seas between the hurricane bands, together with the related major cities. Cyclones and hurricanes are not happening there. Earthquakes have no effect there either. Neither is flooding a possibility for infrastructures that are already afloat on the sea.
By living afloat on the equatorial seas, we will live safely no matter what the future may bring in terms of the projected ever-greater natural calamities.
Of course, we ultimately have to be there, staged across the equatorial sea, when the full Ice Age begins, potentially in the 2050s, with a dramatically weaker and colder Sun that emits 70% less solar light and heat energy. With this in mind, which we cannot avoid, I would like to suggest that the large-scale relocating of ourselves onto the sea, will happen.
When we consider the scientific knowledge seriously that we presently have, it becomes self-evident how we need to respond in the near term to the ever larger flooding events and the other so-called natural catastrophes that we suffer already too many off.
In order to protect our agriculture and our cities, we have no other option available, except to relocate both to where they cannot be flooded, be destroyed by earthquakes, and be devastated by tornadoes, cyclones, and hurricanes. We really have no additional option. If we follow this only option that we have open to us, as demanding as this option is, we will live savely in the future and be ready for the big astrophysical climate change by which the Next Ice Age starts and the regions outside the tropics become uninhabitable under the then 70% dimmer and colder Sun.
But will we move in this direction? Will we even take the hint? The increasing flood disasters are the proverbial 'writing on the wall' in our time. Will we decipher the writing? Will we heed the message? I think we will. I think the flooding challenges will inspire us to get a move on.
While the large earthquakes are enormously destructive, society sees no alternative in its small-minded mode, but to quietly suffer them. Thus, the earthquakes are suffered evermore. Ultimately this means suffering big time. The Sichuan earthquake, all by itself, had caused more than 87,000 dead, 13,000 missing, 340,000 injuries, 11 million people to become homeless, and damages amounting to close to $150 billion. That's enormous suffering for a single event.
But the large flooding events are worse than the earthquakes are. Earthquakes don't repeat their devastation at same place, and tend to be contained in the small areas, Consequently, they are suffered more easily. The destroyed areas are typically rebuilt.
In comparison, the big floods affect many times more people and destroy their food resources with wide-reaching consequences. In many cases the flooding had also destroyed agricultural lands altogether.
The big factor in flooding, however, is not so much the damage that flooding has historically caused, but is the POTENTIAL damage in future years that will likely be caused with the Sun becoming progressively weaker for the next 30 years.
Most flood control measures are focused on historic averages, rather then on future peak potentials. And that's scary, because the historic examples, that we have already seen too much of, though being 'small,' tell horrific tales.
Flood list (worldwide)
In many cases the tragedy is built into the terrain itself. Consider the snake-like shape of the Mississippi River for example. Such a winding river is not conducive to fast running flows, whereby the river-channel itself becomes a major barrier.
In the summer of 1926, for example, the central basin of the Mississippi received extremely heavy rains. By September, the Mississippi's tributaries in Kansas and Iowa were swollen to capacity. On Christmas Day of 1926, the Cumberland River at Nashville, Tennessee rose to a level that remains a record to this day. The high water broke levees in 145 places and flooded more than 70,000 square kilometers of land.
The flood left more than 700,000 people homeless. Roughly 500 people died in the flooding. The damages were immense, comparable to one third of the federal budget of the USA at the time. If the event had occurred in 2007, the damages would have totaled roughly a trillion dollars. The flood affected Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Texas. Arkansas was the hardest hit, with 14% of its territory covered by floodwater. By May in 1927, the Mississippi River below Memphis, Tennessee became a sae of water 100 kilometers wide, that's 60 miles.
The Mississippi flood disaster in 1926 wasn't caused by a flash-flood event, but merely by a lot of rain. The conditions for continent-wide flash floods didn't yet exist in 1926. This means that the big Mississippi flooding was caused simply by prolonged heavy rainfall, which isn't surprising when one considers that the flooding event occurred at the low point between two sunspot cycles. At such times larger volumes of cosmic-ray flux are emitted.
The cosmic-ray connection that affects all climate events becomes more readily apparent by the nature of flash floods.
Flash-floods events are necessarily short-lived, because the coronal holes rotate with the surface of the Sun, and become thereby rotated away from the direction to the Earth. The result is that the cosmic-ray showers impacting the Earth rarely last more than 3 days. Once the cosmic-ray shower is over, the torrential rain-showers cease.
The modern torrential rainfalls are typically 'small' and short in duration, in the range of 1 to 3 days. Most appear to be caused by extreme cosmic-ray showers that are enabled by large coronal holes on the Sun. As the coronal holes rotate away from the Earth, the torrential rains end.
During 3 days in November 1927 (Nov. 2-4), in the northern USA, the Great Vermont Flood occurred. This brief flash flood destroyed 1285 bridges and killed at least 84 people.
The flash-flood effect is typically localized to areas where the conditions for cloud nucleation are already nearly fulfilled. The cosmic-ray caused ionization of the air merely takes the cloud nucleation process over the edge and gives it a massive boost. This may have happened in Vermont during the 3 fateful days in November 1927.
The Vermont event in 1927 was significant by its short time span. Most modern torrential rainfalls are typically for them being short in duration, mostly in the range of 1 to 3 days. This makes them candidates to have been caused by extreme cosmic-ray showers emitted through coronal holes.
Continent-wide flash floods were likely not possible in 1927 when the Sun was still relatively strong, but they are possible now. An example for such a potential occurred in 2015. After years of harsh drought conditions, a large flash-flood suddenly erupted in May 2015 that extended from Texas all the way to Canada. The flood event was likely caused by a major coronal hole opening up on the surface of the Sun that had briefly opened a window for an extreme volume of solar cosmic-rays reaching the Earth.
As I said before, the cosmic rays Ionize elements in the atmosphere, which thereby become 100 times more attractive to water vapor, to enable cloud nucleation, than they are in their non-activated state.
When this happens in areas where conditions are naturally conducive to cloud forming, a major cosmic-ray shower can massively enhance the cloud-forming and rain-making process.
When the entire face of the sun becomes increasingly full of holes like a sieve, far more than what we see here, instead of how it used to be shown on the left, then we see the stage developing for long-enduring rainfalls that can result in major flooding on the ground, extended for weeks and months.
And of course, now that the Sun is getting ever-weaker, and the cosmic-ray showers getting ever-larger, the floods themselves are bound to be getting larger too. That's an effect that we are only seeing the beginning of. We have no way of knowing precisely where it will end.
As I said before, in many cases the potential for horrific flooding is built into the terrain itself, like the snake-like shape of the Mississippi River. The ever-turning and twisting river bed becomes a major barrier in time of high volumes of flood waters.
The Mississippi River has thereby the same type of dangerous flooding quality that Mesopotamia has.
The kind of geography that enables epic floods exists in Mesopotamia. In fact, it exists similarly in most of the big river basins in the world. Mesopotamia is a shallow bowl surrounded by mountains, with major rivers flowing into it. With only a single outflow being available from it, a major flash-flood, extended for weeks, could turn much of this flood bowl into a lake.
With several major rivers draining vast areas of the surrounding land into the flood bowl, the resulting immense accumulation could create a flood lake as big as an inland sea.
Such epic flooding, as may have had happened a long time ago, is not upon us yet, but promises to become common so in the 2040s as the Sun continues to weaken at such a fast rate that the solar wind pressure will have diminished to zero in the 2030s, with the Sun itself becoming dimmer and colder thereafter.
Of course, when the epic flooding stage is reached, regardless of which river system is affected, food production will largely stop. This may happen in many places simultaneously. Are we prepared to let this happen?
As I said, the big epic flooding events are not upon us yet, but they promise to become so in the 2040s with the Sun now weakening at such a fast rate that the solar wind pressure diminishes at the rate of 30% in 10 years.
The kind of geography that enables epic floods, of the type that exists in Mesopotamia, exists similarly in almost all of the big river basins in the world. Many of the world's great rivers are located in shallow bowls surrounded by barriers, with numerous contributories flowing into it, and with only a single outflow available. With the rivers draining vast areas of the surrounding land, all flowing together into the flood bowl, immense flooding events become easily possible when the rainfalls become intensely increased with cosmic-ray showers, whereby large areas of land turn into a giant lake, as in biblical times.
The Mississippi river basin has this potential. It drains almost three million square kilometers of land into a single bowl that flows out through a narrow 'gap.'
So, what's the message in all that?
The message is clear, isn't it, that large-scale agriculture, which we cannot afford to loose to the now increasing flooding, including the cities that are associated with the agricultural areas, need to be relocated afloat onto the seas were flooding is not possible. Without a secure food supply and without secure places to live in, humanity looses the foundation for its existence.
Historically, the large river basins have provided the food security for the surrounding populations. Fertile soils and ample water for irrigation, have enabled efficient large-scale agricultural production. Our civilization rests on this platform. Almost the entire world depends on this platform now. This platform proved to be ideal under the natural climate conditions that until now have prevailed. It enabled the great agricultural revolution. But now, suddenly, a shock-point is encountered. The vast agricultural machine that we have developed and depend on is thrown into danger of becoming devastated. We are close to that. This means that a whole new agricultural revolution is required, with a new basis that has never existed before.
Even Russia is not secure anymore, on this very basis. In the Russian heartland, the Volga River basin, where much of Russia's food is grown, is a ready-made giant natural flood bowl. And again, there exists just a single outflow through a narrow gap where the Volga flows into the Caspian Sea.
The Caspian Sea itself, is the world's largest lake, and it is unique in that it has no outflow at all. The mighty Volga River flows into this lake and evaporates there.
In recent times the Volga river has been so weak that the lake began to shrink in size. the reverse lays before us.
While Russia is still relatively unaffected by cyclone storms, which keeps the Volga system at borderline conditions, the borderline may soon be crossed. When the 'epic' era begins, the mighty Volga basin too, becomes endangered with mega flooding. While the Sun continues to weaken, the threshold for this to happen comes ever nearer.
Can you imagine what happens when the vast Volga catchment basin gets flooded with 10 feet of rain? Much of Russia in the Volga basin will become utterly devastated, and the Caspian Sea will over-fill. It will then back-flow into the Don river and out into the Black Sea while evermore of the lowlands around the Black Sea become flooded.
Much of Europe has the same epic flooding potential along the Danube River basin, which drains a large portion of central Europe.
The bottom line is that we haven't seen anything yet in terms of large flooding events.
With a water-vapor density of 1% in the air, and the troposphere extending to 10,000 feet, the atmosphere holds a hundred feet of water in vaporized form. We live with a 100 feet of water over our head. The real figure is varied of course. In some cases it could be several times larger. How great a portion of this enormous volume of water in the air will become condensed into rain at a given time, depends on how weak the Sun becomes over time, and how large its coronal holes can become in the process of the Sun getting weaker. And that's scary to contemplate. Just consider that only 10 feet of this invisible pool becomes turned rain in the space of a day or a few days. The consequences are unimaginable, and they will be so, should we not react to what we know and thereby prevent the consequences, such as by creating new agriculture and new cities afloat on the equatorial seas.
Many people insist that a world development project on such a giant scale will never be happening. But is this true?
In early times it had become expedient to locate the developing cities at the banks of rivers, as in the case of the Yellow River shown here. The placement happened naturally, because the rivers offered easy transportation and an always available source of water.
But now, in the age of the big floods, the cities that have been built at the edge of the river have become highly vulnerable. The historic convenience now poses a problem, a very costly problem in many cases, for which answers involve the radical transformation of many parts of our world, such as relocating entire cities and their livelihood, and to a large degree onto the sea.
But will the needed steps be taken? I like to think that these types of cultural revolutions are difficult, but will happen. The imperatives for them to happen are that great. Equally great is the joy that flows from accomplishing great achievements. Why would we even want to deprive us of this joy, by remaining procrastinated and imprisoned by small-minded notions. Large scale floating infrastructures are basically easy to create with automated industrial production methods that can be scaled up up to the gigantic scale that is required.
The solar system is in a free-fall collapse, as it were. We know this. We have seen it in fringe effects. The Ulysses spacecraft had measured the cause for them. It measured the solar wind pressure diminishing at a rate of 30% in 10 years. That's a free-fall collapse on the cosmic time scale. The sunspot numbers are likewise diminishing. The solar cycle 25, in the mid-2020s, will likely be spotless. This takes us back in time 300 years to the Little Ice Age when similar conditions were encountered. And in the 2030s the solar wind will have diminished to zero, with evermore larger volumes of solar cosmic-ray flux reaching the Earth. We may be seeing gigantic flash floods lasting for weeks across the large river-basins of the world where most of the world's food is grown. We may be seeing floods on an epic scale that have never been encountered in the history of civilization, except wrapped in myths described in Biblical history.
While the big epic floods are still a few decades distant, possibly as far distant as the 2040s, the potential for them needs to be considered in the present, because it takes time and large-scale efforts to implement the needed corrective actions and processes. The urgency for this exist now. It needs to be acted on now, even while the danger ahead remains largely unseen, though the danger is great. When the global food supply begins to fail almost globally, as it will, the consequences become unthinkably catastrophic, should we have failed to react to what we know now. That's why the subject of the epic flooding becomes important for us in the present, where we still have a chance to prevent the catastrophes from occurring.
China has the potential to become a world leader in this arena, because the already severe flooding , which Chinas has seen far too much of already in all of its 5 major river basins, may inspire the nation in time to rouse itself to get the ball rolling towards securing its existence. India and Bangladesh are similarity effected, and to some degree also the USA.
In contrast, is extremely unlikely that Russia and Europe, like Canada, can be sufficiently motivated to save their existence, for the simple reason that the ongoing flooding events in their respective regions are too small to inspire people to change their world, even while the number of flooding events has already increased 5-fold since the time when the big weakening of the Sun began, and evermore flood events being caused by heavy rainfall instead of melting snows.
The same, however, cannot be said about places like China where a major portion of the entire country is affected by flooding, and is affected in an existential manner by the destruction of crops and farmlands. Here it gets scary for China, because, as the rainfalls increase, the large river system can become a trap, the kind of trap that the biblical flooding story hints at.
As I said before, the kind of geography that enables epic floods, of the type that exists in Mesopotamia, exists similarly in most of the big river basins in the world. Mesopotamia is a shallow bowl surrounded by mountains, with major rivers flowing into it, with only a single outflow available, with the in-flowing rivers draining vast areas of the surrounding land, all flowing together into the flood bowl with a single outflow.
China experienced a foretaste of what this means. China's huge August 1931 flood event in the Yangtze River basin had killed 3.7 million people. The flood had covered 77,700 square kilometers of land, including the cities of Nanjing and Wuhan, and had left 40 million people homeless. Many of the millions who died in the flood, perished by starvation and disease, even after the flood waters had receded. The rice fields that had dominated the landscape before, had been swamped. The crops that people had depended on, were gone. In the major cities, countless masses starved to death and many were infected with typhoid and dysentery that became rampant by the polluted waters.
Since then, more-effective flood control infrastructures have been built. Nevertheless, the subsequent big floods continued to be enormously destructive. The big 1954 China Flood, left 30,000 dead, and the later flood of 1998, left still 3,650 dead.
The Three Gorges Dam project was created in the wake of these disasters. It became the largest civil engineering achievement in the world, designed to prevent future mega flooding. While it proved to be effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back a large portion of the upstream floodwaters, it couldn't prevent the huge mega-flood of 2010.
The waters of the vast upstream catchment basin, a million square kilometers in size, including from high mountains in Tibet, all converge and flow through the dam, and are controlled by it. Nevertheless, the dam still had to open its floodgates in 2010 to reduce the high water volume in the reservoir behind it.
The 2010 China floods began in early May 2010. Most of the flood damage was occurred below the dam. The dam had been effective in containing the upstream flood water to a large extent.
By the time the 2010 flooding had ended, at the end of August, the flooding and landslides had killed more than 3,000 people. It had affected the life of more than 230 million people in 28 provinces,. In the course of the flooding 1,360,000 houses had been destroyed and more than 97,200 square kilometers of crops had been inundated. 16 million hectares of farmland had been affected by the flooding, of which 2 million hectares of them being completely devastated.
In the spring before the big 2010 Flood happened, the Pearl River region, a large water-rich region located just South of the Yangtze River, had been hit with a severe drought, though this hardly seems possible.
Then, suddenly the big China-wide flooding began.
Lesser floods were experienced in 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2016, including the flooding of Beijing in 2012 and 2016.
In the summer of 2016 another relatively big flood happened in China, though far-less extensive. This time the flooding had affected only 32 million people instead of the 230 million people in 2010; and only 3,000 square kilometers of crops were destroyed, instead of the 97,000 square kilometers that were destroyed in 2010. Nevertheless the flooding was so extensive that it could be seen from space.
Below the Three Gorges Dam, marked, 3, a wide low elevation terrain extends from Beijing to the southern border. The central section of this large low-elevation area, and I mean all of it, drains into the Yangtze. While extensive flood control measures had been installed, they proved to be insufficient. Ultimately no effective defensive measures are possible to contain the potentially enormously increasing volumes of flood waters that future increases in cosmic-ray flux almost assure, according to the dynamics of the weakening Sun.
The less severe flood damage during the more-controlled disaster in 2016, was so massive in the flat lands near the river, that the aftermath could be seen from space after the storms had cleared.
What the future may bring when the rainfall during the big storms increase 10-fold, activated by large cosmic-ray showers, cannot be imagined. Nevertheless, that's what humanity needs to prepare for.
Infrastructures for flood protection are installed across all of China. The flood prevention appears to be especially difficult for the Yellow River, located north of the Yangtze.
The Yellow River is nearly twice as long as the Colorado River in the USA and has a slightly larger catchment basin. But apart from that, it is incomparable. Its upper reach drains a large area of the Tibetan plain, with two lakes above 14,000 feet in elevation.
The water runs clear, flowing out of the Tibetan mountains, where three rivers combine and flow from there through the Loess Plateau in a big loop.
Fed by 30 large tributaries in that region, the river almost doubles in flow volume and picks up 92% of its silt. That's where its problems begin. As the silt collects at the bottom of the river and thereby raises the water level, the river overflows frequently and finds a new course, especially during flood conditions. In more modern times the river became confined artificially to its now levee-lined course for over 700 Km across the North China Plain before it empties into the Bohai Sea. However, as over time the river rose ever higher, by its silt deposits, the levee building process eventually created an elevated river that in some places now flows 30 feet above the surrounding landscape, which is thereby divided into two. The area north of the levees drains towards Beijing, The area to the south drains into the Yangtze River.
When the levees are breached by mega floods, the consequences are unimaginable. In comparison, the building of floating infrastructure across the equatorial sea, will one day be regarded as a vastly more attractive alternative to suffering the consequences of the flooding that become evermore costly.
The river system that is located immediately to the South of the Yellow River, is the Huai River. This system is about half as long as the Colorado. It had originally drained directly into the Yellow Sea. However, in distant times before the levees were built, the ever-changing course of the Yellow River had cut across the course of the Huai River, and had deposited so much silt in its path that it blocked off the Huai river and caused it to flow into the Yangtze River instead.
This massive, natural river diversion illustrates to some degree the enormous magnitude of the potential for flooding events in this region.
Back in 1887 the Yellow River had breached the then rather primitive dikes. The event flooded 130,000 square kilometers of the low plain, killed 900,000 people, and left 2 million homeless. The dikes have been improved of course, but what if the river's 753,000 square kilometers wide catchment basin gets showered with 10 feet of rain per day in big storms, instead of just 2 feet as we now see in extreme cases? Will the beefed up modern dikes system have the capacity to handle this type of flow?
The question needs to be asked, because the 10-foot rain could happen. It could happen in the 2040s when the Sun has weakened so extremely that very large volumes of cosmic-ray flux may be encountered for long periods. Tragically, nobody is asking this question, perhaps out of fear of what the answer would require.
It is interesting to note that the latest series of mega floods in China from 2010 onward, and in other parts of the world, coincides with the start of the mega drought in California, in 2010, and the worst tornado year in the Mississippi basin, and with the giant Hurricane Sandy in 2012 that reached far into the North and flooded New York City.
The 2010 timeframe of these events falls within the Cygni Valley 23/24 period of low sunspot activity that is reflected in increased cosmic-ray flux.
This means that the 2010-frame events, and the more-recent 2016 events at the start of the 24/25 Cygni Valley, are all linked to each other, by being directly related to weak states of the Sun in the larger theater of the collapse of the Solar System towards the start of the next Ice Age.
In other words we are seeing the effects now of the multiple interrelated astrophysical weakening that has far-reaching consequences that have just barely begun to unfold.
The early big 1931 flood disaster in China, in which upwards to 4 million people perished, resulted from an enormous increase in cyclone storms in that area. In a typical year, two cyclone storms occur in the region. In 1931 seven such storms occurred in the single month of July, These shouldn't have happened. It is said that no one could have foreseen this. This may have been true then, because the astrophysical dynamics had not been understood then. But now, with the event being recognized as located within a Cygni Valley (CV 16/17), where the big events happen, the flooding event is no longer surprising.
With the discovery of the enormous effect of cosmic-ray flux on the cloud-forming process, the dramatic increases in cyclone storms has become recognizable as a simple consequence of a weaker Sun., even while the solar cycle was modulated onto the gradual up-ramping of the Sun.
In areas, like China, where the natural conditions for storm events exist, a large cosmic-ray shower can increase the cloud nucleation enormously, almost explosively. The storm-clouds can grow enormously rapidly. They can increase as rapidly as the nucleation increase had been measured with the CLOUD experiment at the CERN laboratory in Europe, where artificial cosmic rays were injected into a test chamber and the effects had been measured.
It is also a known fact that the process of cloud nucleation releases the latent heat that was invested when liquid water became transformed into vapor. The latent heat becomes released when the water vapor condenses into water again. The released latent heat give the clouds their buoyancy. In extreme cases, especially in the tropics that are warm to begin with, the increased buoyancy can lift the clouds to high elevations where their electric connection with the ionosphere becomes dramatically increased, which further increases the cloud nucleation. Enormously dense rainfall can result from this type of dynamic interplay. In extreme cases cyclones can start out of the blue.
One hears much talk about the Al-Nino oscillations having a causative effect for the large storms. The effect however, appears to be too minuscule to be largely significant. The air-flow is driven by the trade winds. The Al-Nino variations may well be a subsequent effect of the Earth's changing climate pattern, rather than being causative for it.
The really big climate-change considerations always lead us back to the big factor, the cosmic-ray factor, that affects the climate process on Earth more enormously than anything else, and is the only big variable climate factor that we have supporting measurements for. The dramatic effect is now on the increase at a very fast rate with the Sun getting progressively weaker.
With the cosmic-ray flux now increasing, which is reflected in the very weak sunspot cycle 24, the storm effects are likewise increasing and are creeping ever-deeper to the subtropics. In 2012 the flooding zone had reached northward in China, all the way to Beijing, with the flooding of the city. The flooding of the city happened again in 2014 and again in 2016.
Beijing is located at roughly the same latitude as St. Louis on the Mississippi in the USA.
We have seen tornados increasing in the USA, in the same timeframe, in the Mississippi basin. In 1999 an amazing 312 tornadoes struck in the Mississippi basin in a three day period. But this was just the beginning. The year 2008 was worse, with close to 1700 tornadoes ravishing the landscape that year, of which 85 occurred in just 15 hours.
Then came the big year, 2011
with 1700 tornadoes,
winds up to 340 km/hr,
causing 5370 injuries,
553 fatalities (219 in just a single day)
and $10 billion in damage
2016 was a lesser big year, with only 900 tornadoes counted and only 17 deaths.
However, the 2016 tornado season that was expected to be lean, had its third-most-active first two months in 10 years.
These are some of the tragic fringe effects of the Sun getting weaker, whereby larger volleys of cosmic-ray flux are hitting the Earth., so that nothing is historically predictable anymore as additional principles come into play.
The general weakening of the Sun is further modulated with the effects of the solar activity cycles that are built into the solar system. The big climate events are therefore more likely to happen during the low periods in sunspot numbers.
In 2016, with the sunspot numbers diminishing to low values, larger volumes of solar cosmic-ray flux would have occurred, so that we saw an increase in big events occurring.
Together with the 2016 tornadoes, we saw increasing floods along the southern Mississippi, and also the big 2016 Louisiana flooding. And this too, appears to have been just the beginning,
But if this is the beginning, where does the train stop?
How much of the big river basins, like that of the Mississippi, which are typically the main food-production centers, with many large cities being located right at the rivers, become lost to increasing flood damages?
As I said before, another example of this type is the city of Chongqing in China, a city of over 30 million people.
Chongqing is located upstream of the Three Gorges Dam in a large flood bowl that appears to have been a lake in prehistoric times, surrounded by mountains.
Five major rivers are flowing together into this prehistoric flood bowl, with the City Chongquing at the center. One of the inflows is the Yantze River itself, flowing out of the Tibetan High Plateau.
Consider that a million square kilometers of land is drained by the rivers flowing into this region, for which only one single outflow exists, via the Yangtze River that flows through the famous Three Gorges, where the rivet cuts through a chain of mountains for 200 kilometers, ending at the Three Gorges Dam. That this region is a flood bowl is evident by the flooding events that are already happening to some degree.
Consider that only a single outflow exists through the narrow natural barrier of the Three Gorges. What great volume of water must flow through the narrow channels when a million square kilometers upstream are drenched with three feet of rain, or ten feet? The narrow gorge becomes a choke point. The up-stream flood bowl becomes a lake with the City of Chongquing located within it.
How does one evacuate a city of 30 million, or an entire area that is inhabited by nearly 200 million people? These are questions that need to be contemplated before the events happen. While such events may be still a decade or two in the future, solutions may need to be developed to prevent such epic catastrophes.
The same type of question must also be asked about the consequences of extremely heavy rains across the wide shallow catchment basin downstream of the dam, which is already frequently ravished by mega floods. Flash-flood rainfalls in the range of 20 inches have been known. What about 100 inches of rain or more? We are looking at a terrible writing on the wall here, for the near future for this entire area. No quick fix solution appears to be possible.
The Earth's atmosphere holds large volumes of water. At a 1% water vapor density, and the troposphere extending roughly 10,000 feet above us, we stand at the bottom of a sea of roughly 100 feet of water thinly dispersed as vapor. A 100 feet adds up to 1,200 inches of water. Right now, when 30 inches of that is condensed into rain, catastrophic consequences already happen. With large increases in ionization, a ten-fold increase is theoretically possible and may actually happen.
The biblical flood story suggests that large increases might have once occurred. in distant times. With the big Cosmic Climate change that has begun, we may see such flooding again, soon. Mesopotamia is a giant flood bowl, similar to the flood basin around the city of Chongqing. Mesopotamia is a basin surrounded by mountains. It has several major rivers flowing into it, and only a narrow outflow that limits the flow volume.
The Yangtze River has the same flooding potential. A huge area of land drains through a single point into the sea.
China has a number of dramatically large flood-bowl systems that together cover its most populous regions with numerous great cities located within them. All of China drains essentially through just three outflows, plus one that flows through Russia. Consider a 100 inches of rain extended for a few days, and the result becomes unthinkable.
In India the great Ganges River, which has been revered for millennia as the giver of life, may soon erupt with deadly consequences.
The Ganges River drains roughly a million square-kilometers of land, a third of that of the Mississippi. We see already large flooding happening, with the flooding in some cases 40 kilometers wide, as in 2016 seen from space. And this too, is obviously, just the beginning with the Sun continuing to weaken.
Bangladesh is likewise affected by evermore flooding. Its major river, that joins with the Ganges near its outflow into the Bay of Bengal, has had a long history of overflowing its banks. This is now increasing. Evermore people are now affected by the flooding. Up to 100 million people, that's 2/3rd the population of Bangladesh, all live in the river delta. Although flooding is nothing unusual for the region, the mega floods are new.
The Brahmaputra is a bit shorter than the Mississippi River with on 1/5th the size of its drainage basin, but it carries more water; almost twice as much. When this river floods, it floods big. The effects can be hugely devastating.
During the 1998 flood, over 70% of the land area of Bangladesh was inundated. It affected 31 million people, a fifth of the population.
More recently, in the 2004 flood in which 25% of the population of Bangladesh was affected; 800 lives were lost; 952,000 houses were destroyed, and another 1.4 million were badly damaged.
These are horrendous losses for a small nation, especially when one considers that all this is just the beginning.
The USA is extremely vulnerable to loosing its food supply when a mega-flood wipes out its farming infrastructure in the Mississippi basin. A 10-foot rainfall within a day or days is not impossible when extreme cloud ionization takes place, and more so when cyclones are drawing evermore water-vapor into them.
The effect that this would have, has not yet been seen in all the history of civilization. It is actually unimaginable.
And still, it can be worse.
We are moving into a period of increasing solar weakening with cosmic-ray volumes that have never been experienced before. Nor do we know how large the volumes of solar cosmic-ray flux may ultimately become, that we will encounter over the next 30 years of the Sun becoming constantly weaker. Here history can give us a hint.
As I had noted earlier, no major flooding was indicated in the historic records inscribed on the wall in Passau,for the Maunder Minimum period of the 1600s.
This period at the end of the 1600s gave us the largest values in cosmic-ray flux, but no big flooding occurred in this timeframe. I had noted however, that during the 1600s, when huge floods should have occurred, a century of droughts had occurred instead, with the largest drought lasting for two decades.
If this was the final 'writing on the wall', we might be looking at mega-droughts, worldwide, with agriculture fizzing away into nothing instead of mega-floods drowning the lands in the 2030s and 2040s. If mega-droughts were to happen when the weakening of the Sun takes on extreme dimensions, we would be in trouble the way we are now. Large-scale irrigation systems with global dimensions are impossible to create fast enough. Large-scale water development projects, if they are possible at all during drought conditions, are long-term projects
Ultimately, droughts are worse than flooding. Floods affect only specific areas. Droughts affect everything, including the forests.
But why should we worry? Floating agriculture laid out across the equatorial Sea, supplied with freshwater by deep-ocean reverse osmosis desalination, would thereby be independent of rain. There are plenty of deep oceans along the equator.
Neither is it possible to determine how much larger the volumes of solar cosmic-ray flux may be after the phase shift to the next Ice Age has occurred, when the threshold is crossed that collapses one of the primer fields that presently keep the Sun in its high-powered mode.
However, why do we need to know such specific details when the principles that drive the processes are already understood, and it is also understood how the effects can be avoided.
The solution is simple. Agriculture and the cities for people can be protected by them both being placed afloat onto the equatorial sea between the hurricane zones. That's the principle. What is afloat on the sea cannot be flooded. Indoor agriculture can be protected no matter what happens. The details are technical. The economics are on the side of technology, for protecting agriculture and cities by technological means, afloat in the tropics. While the economics incentive exists, it has so far not inspired corresponding actions, even while the relocation of our food infrastructure onto the tropical sea is required in preparation for the start of the next Ice Age in the 2050s. There is no movement on this front, and time is running short. Nobody knows when the balance will likely be shifted onto the high-technological living, before the storm-ravished platforms become increasingly unrecoverable.
While New Orleans has been rebuilt after the flooding of the city by hurricane Katrina in 2005, many of the storm victims, after considering what the future holds, have not returned. They moved away for more secure living. This may become a trend.
I suspect that once the floating technological infrastructures are beginning to be created, the line-up of people will be endless, who seek more secure food and a richer platform for living. Thus, the tragedies of today are a part of the silver lining, as the tragedies will at length impel humanity to build itself the infrastructures on which its future depends. If it wasn't for this path, society would continue to do nothing, as it has for the last 40 years, and would die of the consequences when the Ice Age resumed in the 2050s.
At the present time no movement is apparent anywhere in the world of society aiming to free itself from the deadly trap of doing nothing, while the costs incurred are mounting up.
The costs of dealing with flood damages, and building ever greater projects for preventing the consequences of ever-larger flooding, are already enormously huge, and promise to increase further and evermore rapidly as the consequences are getting larger, so that it becomes amazingly attractive at one point in the near future to place more and more of the endangered food supply infrastructure and places for human living, onto the sea.
It may well be, that by the time when the Ice Age phase shift happens, the necessary infrastructure for it will have been built by default, and will be fully in operation so that the Ice Age phase shift , when it happens, won't affect anything.
This means that the big changes in the world that need to be achieved, are actually located in the near future, instead of being located in the far future 30 or 40 years from now when the Ice Age start-up happens. And those changes that are needed in the near term, will need to be globally developed, with global cooperation. No nation is not affected by the now ongoing astrophysical changes that affect our climate in ever-larger steps with ever-larger consequences.
China, India, Russia, Europe, the USA,, and so on, are all similarly affected by the now increasing floods, droughts, frosts, cyclones, earthquakes, and other fringe effects of the now ongoing weakening of the Sun and its cooling effect on the Earth.
We are bound together by this common challenge that no nation is exempted from. We are in a new war now, a war for survival where bombs are oddly out of place, where the enemy is our own smallness in thinking, and where to win, means that we raise ourselves superior to the worst that the so-called natural world has to offer, and that we come out of that fight laughing, not dying, and elated with joy over what we have accomplished as human beings, and are able to accomplish evermore.
List of earthquakes
3/26-30 (all quakes - 500 in 4 days)
3/17-29 (over 5 - 50 in 12 days)