Click on the images for a
Our Electric Cold Fusion Sun (Part 4) Solar winds and Ice Age
Solar wind, Ice Ages, and our future
In the local theater, the solar wind is one of the major yardsticks that we have available, with which to judge how well-'funded' the electric fusion process on our Sun operates at a given time.
The process that synthesizes atoms from plasma, on the Sun, and provides the sink-effect for the plasma flow, also produces the solar wind. As I said before atoms are the only structures in the universe that are electrically neutral.
The solar synthesizing fusion, a form of cold fusion that binds plasma particles into electrically neutral structures, creates physical elements that no longer react as a part of the electric power system.
While they don't have a direct electric connection as with the solar wind, they do become caught up in its dynamic flow and move along with it.
While the bound plasma particles that produce the atoms, that affectively disappear from the electric landscape as if they had vanished from the universe, which in a sense they have, physically remain in existence. So, what happens to these electrically-neutral fusion products, since not all of them flow away with the solar wind? Do they clog up the works? That's a question of principle.
The electrically neutral fusion products that do get blown along with the solar winds, fall out from the winds, slowed by gravity. In earlier times they formed the planets in a process of accretion. This process still happens, though to a lesser degree. To the present day, the solar wind provides the distribution service that makes all of this happen.
But what happens when the solar winds no longer blow? What happens when they no longer help to purge the fusion-reaction cells on the Sun, of the fusion product, and purge the corona of the synthesized atoms? Will this clog up the works?
In addition, the solar wind also fulfills a highly critical function as a part of an efficient plasma-pressure regulating system that keeps the Sun operating at a steady state.
The regulating feature is the cause that produces the solar wind. When the plasma pressure under the confinement domes on the Sun's surface, exceeds the pressure that the magnetic dome can contain, the excess plasma escapes through the confinement dome in a fine jet, or numerous jets. The jets merging together become the solar wind. This means that for as long as the solar winds blow, there is enough plasma pressure under the confinement dome to keep the fusion process going. But when the winds diminish, what happens to the purging of the fusion products? These are all critical question for which no simple answers are presently available, though they all affect the efficiency of the fusion process that drives everything.
When the input streams diminish to below the minimal plasma pressure for the solar winds to form, then a lot of collapse-effects, evidently, begin to happen. The rate of the fusion reaction may diminish sharply. With it, the 'sink' effect becomes diminished. This reduces the plasma rate of flow, which in turn reduces the fusion reactions, which in turn reduces the plasma rate of flow, further. When the plasma flow diminishes, the primer fields diminish with it, which reduces the plasma flow still further. On this path the entire system can shut itself down quite rapidly, and almost without warning. How fast this may unfold is beyond our means to determine.
The hardest of all, may be to determine the effect of the diminishing solar winds on the purging of the fusion products, of the synthesized atoms, from the fusion reaction cells. When the fusion products clog up the cells, they diminish the reaction process. It is unknown how critical this purging of the synthesized atoms from the reaction cells is. It may be more critical than we believe it to be, or hope it to be.
One of the biggest problems that nuclear fusion-reactor experiments have encountered on Earth, is that their fusion product clog up the works as they dilute the fusion fuel that stops the fusion process. The longest duration of continuous fusion that has been achieved so far, is in the range of less than a second at full power, and 5 seconds at a third of the rated power output. That's presently the world record.
The giant ITER fusion reactor that is being built in Europe for a follow-on experiment, as an international project, is expected to a achieve a whopping 1000 second fusion burn by continuously purging the fusion product from the reaction chamber, which may not be possible.
On the Sun, the solar wind appears to fulfill the purifying function. It is unclear to what degree the solar wind may diminish without it having a detrimental impact on the fusion reactions in the cells.
It may well be that the solar fusion system might collapse in a chain-reaction before the solar wind pressure diminishes fully to 0%. That's something to keep in mind.
Whenever the atom-synthesizing process slows down, the sink-effect diminishes. In this case the reduced sink effect, reduces the plasma flow rate, which in turn reduces the magnetic fields. The entire system becomes affected thereby in a chain-reaction negative feed-back loop, whereby the entire, deeply interlocked electromagnetic system, may suddenly vanish as if it had never existed.
The Sun becomes inactive then, when the Primer Fields collapse. It looses 70% of its energy. The Sun goes dim. We have plenty of evidence of such radical events occurring in the past, preserved in the ice of Greenland from the last Ice Age.
However, the solar wind also tells us something else. As the carrier of the atoms synthesized on the Sun, the solar wind also tells us, that if we should ever care to utilize the solar-fusion sink process for energy production on Earth, we may be able to tune the fusion-part of the process to synthesize any atomic element we care to create.
The loss of Ulysses
NASA's Ulysses satellite gave us a big boost in understanding our universe. It gave us more than just a way of looking at the Sun from all latitudes.
Ulysses gave us the most 'pristine' view of the solar-wind patterns that we can get. It took measurements in areas far away from the ecliptic plain where the heliospheric current sheet throttles the solar wind. It had measured the solar-wind speed outside the ecliptic at just below 800 kilometers per second, which we don't see in near-Earth space, or only rarely so.
This suggests that it would be wonderful if the Ulysses eye around the Sun had not been scrapped in 2009. Nevertheless, the measurements that it has provided, gave us enough valuable benefits for evaluating the solar wind measurements that we now get from satellites orbiting in near-Earth space, in ecliptic space, where the measurements are affected by the heliospheric current sheet.
Ulysses saw the solar wind pressure diminished at the ecliptic, from four nano-pascals in the white circle, to two-and-a-half nano-pascals, in the green circle, for the 1st orbit, and from two-and-a-half nano-pascals to one, for the third orbit.
While the numbers are lower near the ecliptic in the green circle, the ratio between them remains essentially the same. This means that the solar-wind measurements that we are able to make in near-Earth space provide us with enough data, to render the solar wind data a useful thermometer for judging the health of the solar system. This means that the critical judgments that we must make in our time, to determine the start of the next Ice Age, are not severely impacted by the termination of the Ulysses mission.
For example, if the mission would continue, we would not see any changes in the polar region where the Sun has its connection with the plasma streams from the Primer Fields, which the solar wind is too puny to penetrate.
This also means that the diminishing trend of the solar winds towards the solar cut-off, that Ulysses saw the beginning of, can still be detected with contemporary instrumentation operating inside the ecliptic plane. The current observations have not significantly altered the potential that the solar cut-off might happen in the 2050 timeframe, and that the solar winds might cease before this time.
Ironically, the potential event itself, is actually not the most critical factor for our consideration. The principles are important. The principles make the potential events significant, because the recognition of the principles inspire the imperatives for action. The discovery of principles is rooted in the higher nature of man that is able to guide us today in uplifting our world in preparation for the needs of the future regardless of the unpredictable timing of events.
There are many principles in operation right now that are largely ignored. They are seen as insignificant events, but when they are seen in the context of the larger package, they illustrate the dynamics that precipitate events.
The dynamics of the sunspots can be seen in this manner, as aspects of sensitive electrodynamic phenomena.
When the sunspots speak to us
We can observe the sunspot-principle in action every day, the principle that produces sunspots.
Sunspots are voids on the solar surface. They result from localized disruptions of the dynamics of the Primer Fields that enable the reactive processes on the solar surface. The small cellular field structures that cover the entire surface of the Sun, sometimes breaks down, occasionally one cell at a time, but usually in groups, which leaves behind dark holes on the surface. The resulting dark areas are termed, sunspots. The sunspots frequently occur bunched together into groups across a region.
The reason for this localized collapse of reaction cells across a region, appears to be the building-up of 'backpressure' in that region below the cells. The backpressure may be caused by a regional high concentrations of synthesized atoms that tend to insolate the electric field connection below the reaction cells.
Thus, ironically, the occurrence of sunspots is an indication of high levels of fusion activity going on, which in the extreme is a danger in the process to itself.
That the backpressure limits the plasma-current flow rate, and thereby reduces the strength of the magnetic fields that concentrate the plasma and cause the fusion-reaction cells to function, is evident in the occurrence of regional sunspot groups, and the occurrence of single-cell failures in these regions or near large sunspots.
Normally, when active magnetic primer fields for the fusion cells diminish, the plasma backpressure blows out around them, or it escapes in mass through the resulting hole in the magnetic 'carpet' after active cells have collapsed.
The escaping plasma streams are seen as plasma loops, and in larger cases, as giant prominences. They become 'visible' by the presence of atoms in their stream, that have caused the backpressure in the first place. Pure plasma is invisible. Plasma becomes visible as light, only by its effects on atomic elements. The atoms are 100,000 times larger than the plasma particles. They pervade the atmosphere and are moved along with the plasma streams, and become agitated by them.
In cases when the escaping backpressure does not collapse the cells completely, but escapes around them, the escaping plasma forms thin streams that loop back onto the Sun, guided by the magnetic fields that their flow is generating, which are then interacting with the much weaker background magnetic fields in a particular region of the Sun's surface. Active cells collapse rarely. Sunspots result only under extreme conditions.
Giant eruptions, such as the prominence shown here, are extremely rare. They typically occur when the plasma pressure inside the Sun, as plasma is being pumped into it by the primer fields, exceeds the external plasma pressure produced by the process. When the build-up internal pressure is not vented continuously, or fast enough, but accumulated, the huge solar mass-ejection events tend to happen.
The occurrences of prominences, or solar flairs, typically follow the trend of the solar cycles. The reduced solar flair index, shown in green here, which was the most dramatically effected of all the indexes when the electric environment began the weaken, may well be the best 'thermometer' we have for measuring the electric health of the solar system, together with the measurements of the solar-wind pressure.
Plasma is a near-perfect electric conductor. As a plasma sphere, the Sun soaks up plasma somewhat like a sponge that stores up whatever plasma streams are pumped into it, through the reaction cells, past the nuclear-fusion processes. The injection of plasma is a dynamic and widely distributed process. However, this injection of plasma increases the plasma pressure inside the Sun. The pressure, needs to be vented via small or large, solar mass-ejection events, or solar flairs as they are also called.
The details of the dynamics are still poorly understood, even though these ejection events are often feared on Earth as they disrupt radio communications, electricity transmission systems, and cause earthquakes.
In real terms, however, solar-flairs, like sunspots, only more so, are a sign of good health for the Sun and for its operating dynamics. When the solar flairs dramatically diminish or no longer occur, then we have cause to be concerned. And they are diminishing as we see it in solar cycle 23, in the flair index, for the first time since the index was developed.
The sunspots numbers are somewhat less dramatically affected by the diminishing energy environment in the solar system. Still they are useful as a strong indicator of the unfolding trends.
Nevertheless, from a science standpoint, the sunspots are valuable. They provide a portal through which we can see deep into the interior of the Sun, which, as I said in the beginning, is substantially darker below the active surface layer.
This means that the reaction process on the surface of the Sun is only skin deep. The dark interior reveals itself as essentially a sphere of plasma that furnishes merely the supportive electric environment for the surface reactions to happen.
The sunspots also provide us a portal to what the intensity of the inactive Sun may be when the reaction cells collapse, as the external primer fields collapse that focus plasma onto the Sun.
The recognition of the Sun as a dynamic plasma sphere, is critical for our determining its radiated energy in its inactive state, which we have to prepare the world for.
The time has come to get real
Science has become a trap. It resists reality in the name of doctrines.
The moment when doctrines require that one set reality aside, exotic 'epicycles' become necessary to rescue the doctrines, like Ptolemy had done when he invented epicycles, with which he proved scientifically what doesn't actually exist.
It may have been for this reason, that as soon as the electric universe theory was put onto the table of humanity, that the Big Bang theory was developed as a counter-theory. The Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist, and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics, Hannes Alfven, had landed a bombshell that didn't fit the political doctrine.
The Big Bang theory was set up as a cover-up doctrine, similar to more modern Global Warming theory.
Under the weight of these countervailing doctrines, it became nearly impossible to formulate a rational Ice Age theory. The electro-astrophysical basis for it, became denied to exist so that the entire subject remains left hanging to the present day, as if it was irrelevant.
Science still plays with epicycles in solar physics, to defend the doctrine that plasma in space does not exist; that plasma streams do not exist; that electric plasma interactions do not happen - asserting that an electrically powered sun is therefore not possible. Thus science is being put to the task in solar physics to relate all observed phenomena to a platform of the fantasies where reality is disallowed. That's the same type of prison that Ptolemy was stuck in where he was 'forced' to explain scientifically what does not exist, for which his exotic epicycle theories was invented to maintain the imprisonment.
How do we get out of the paradoxical trap?
We get out of the trap like Johannes Kepler did in astronomy, by stepping away from the doctrines, to exploring what is actually real.
Some people did this in modern time half a century ago.
They designed a mission in the early days of the American space program, that would launch a spacecraft into a wide polar orbit around the Sun, to measure the Sun's electric characteristics, such as its solar wind speed, pressure, temperature, density, and so on, outside the ecliptic plane where electric measurements are distorted by the heliospheric current sheet that flows there. The mission was named Ulysses.
The Ulysses spacecraft was launched from the shuttle Discovery on October 6, 1990. In order to reach high solar latitudes, the spacecraft was aimed close to Jupiter so that Jupiter's large gravitational field would accelerate the spacecraft out of the ecliptic plane towards the high solar latitudes. Ulysses' encounter with Jupiter occurred 14 months later, on February 8, 1992.
The Ulysses satellite flew three orbits around the Sun perpendicular to the ecliptic. The first orbit began when the spacecraft encountered Jupiter. The resulting first orbit around the Sun was completed 6 years later, in February 1998. The third orbit began 6 years after that in February 2004. The spacecraft was turned off in August 2008, four and a half years into the third orbit.
What we got back as data from the satellite gives us the first physically measured verification that our sun is NOT an internally heated fusion-powered star, but is an electrically powered star.
What the Ulysses spacecraft has measured, confirms physically in space the observed geometric characteristics of magnetically self-shaped plasma into primer fields, as observed in high-energy plasma-flow experiments.
If the Sun existed as an internally heated star, the abrupt loss of solar wind in the polar regions should not occur. But with the Sun being powered by focused plasma streams, with a geometry observed experimentally at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, one finds the lack of the solar wind in the Sun's polar region not surprising, but one finds it instead a confirmation of principles that have been experimentally discovered.
The resulting verification by the Ulysses spacecraft, of a fundamental principle in plasma physics, physically detected to be operating on the large scale in cosmic space, places the Sun into an entirely different category than that of an internally heated self-powered star. It places the Sun into the science category of high-energy plasma physics, as an electrically powered star.
The electrically powered star that our Sun is, which has synthesized all the atomic elements of the planets in the solar system, also proves that every star in the universe is likewise so powered, and that all planets are similarly composed as our own.
When sunlight from our Sun is expanded with a prison into its various bands of color, we see a number of lines drawn of different intensity. The lines represent individual resonance characteristics of specific atomic elements in the solar corona that the light from a star has to pass through, which absorb light-energy at specific wavelengths. By recognizing the lines, and the width of the lines, it becomes possible to determine the atomic composition and temperature of the corona of each star. Researchers were surprised at first that the light from all the different stars in the galaxy, and even the light from different galaxies, includes the same spectral pattern. The evidence tells us that a single type of electric nuclear fusion occurs everywhere in the entire universe, with a similar cosmic abundance of elements being produced everywhere. The spectral lines vary only by the width of the lines according to the temperature of an individual stars' corona.