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Our Electric Cold Fusion Sun (Part 1) A Plasma Star
The Sun is not a gas sphere. It cannot be that.
It is impossible for the Sun to be a gas sphere, as the theory of the internally powered Sun requires it to be. But why is this impossible? The answer is simple. It couldn't operate in any other manner, because its operational principle is simply the most efficient one there is. Nor is it self-powered. It is powered by a principle that involves almost the entire universe. Physically, it is powered by plasma. Plasma is the life-blood of the universe. It is electrically charged. This makes it powerful. The electric force is 39 orders of magnitude stronger than gravity. The inclusion of plasma opens the empty box of conventional astrophysics where only gravity is deemed to rule and 99.999% of the universe is deemed not to exist.
Image: The Sun Topics
Music: Beethoven, Courtesy of Orchestra and Choir of the LaRouche Youth Movement, with guests - July 2011 - Germany
Image: Plasma streams
Image: galaxies as node points
Image: The Milky Way, a node
Image: The Milky Way is plasma powered
Image: Milky Way plasma domes
Image: The Milky Way in comparison
Image: Stars at node points
Image: Plasma focused onto the Sun
Image: Powered by interstellar plasma streams
Image: LaPoint and Peratt discoveries
Image: LaPoint, artificial Sun
Image: The Milky Way lookalike
Image: The Sun located in the Milky Way
Image: The x-ray Sun
Image: Star-size comparison
In real terms, the conditions for nuclear fusion to occur deep inside a sun, that force hydrogen atoms to fuse into helium atoms, which the theory is based on, do not exist at all. A sphere of hydrogen gas of the size of the Sun cannot exist. Its weight would crush all atoms in its core, much less enable the building of bigger ones. In addition, the theorized helium-3 fusion-stage is the hardest fusion to achieve, because of the much larger Coulomb Barrier of helium-3 that needs to be overcome for such proton-heavy atoms to fuse. In a NASA related helium-3 fusion experiment, it took a million times greater energy input to force the fusion than the energy that the fusion had generated. A sun cannot operate on this basis.
In real terms, there is no need for an internal nuclear-fusion power process to happen, for a sun to radiate light and heat. The real solar nuclear fusion process is much simpler; more certain; and more powerful; and in addition the fusion occurs right on the surface of the Sun, where it counts.
The solar-wind particles are plasma. They carry an electric charge by which they interact electrically with the Earth's magnetic fields. By this interaction, they are guided magnetically to the polar regions where they encounter the atmosphere and create their highly visible light show.
The same type of process, only on a much larger scale, also guides interstellar plasma onto our Sun itself.
The difference is, that in the case of the Sun, the plasma comes from a far more-distant source. It is drawn to the Sun from interstellar space, in the form of long-distance plasma streams.
Since plasma is electricity, the flowing plasma currents create their own magnetic fields around them that pinch the flowing plasma into ever tighter confinement. The resulting concentrated magnetic fields, in turn, amplify the magnetic field of the Sun with their own magnetic structure.
The result is that the Sun becomes surrounded with a densely concentrated sphere of plasma. The plasma becomes so dense that the resulting 'plasma light-show' extends right around the Sun.
When plasma is motivated by the electric force, which is 39 orders of magnitude stronger than mass and gravity, chains of highly efficient nuclear fusion reactions occur. They occur right on the surface of the Sun, where the plasma meets the Sun's reaction cells. In the fusion reactions on the surface of the Sun, all the atomic elements are synthesized that the planets are made of. The synthesized atoms then flow away with the solar wind. During the early phase of the Sun, all the atoms for the planets were created and carried in the solar winds, till they fell out and condensed into planets.
This in short, is how the solar system was created near the center of the galaxy, and how it still functions fundamentally, though with lesser intensity.
Of course, we also encounter some operational differences between the Sun and the Earth. For the intense plasma compression around the Sun to happen, which enables surface nuclear fusion to occur, large plasma streams are required to achieve the compression. They are needed to produce the necessary strong magnetic fields. Massive electric movement creates strong magnetic fields,
The interstellar plasma streams that connect stars in the galaxy, typically carry a greater volume of plasma than a Sun can consume with its nuclear-fusion synthesis. The excess plasma then simply flows on and away from the Sun in an outgoing plasma stream.
While the streams flowing towards the Sun become magnetically pinched into ever-tighter confinement, the weaker streams flowing away from the Sun, begin tightly, and then expand. They typically pick up plasma along the way. They continue to expand till the density becomes large enough again for them to contract by magnetic pinching as they flow towards the next star, at the next node point.
The evidence for this dynamic interconnection between the stars is found in the typical alignment of stars into short and long strings. This string-like alignment is also visible in the fields of galaxies.
All this means that an internally powered sun is not needed. In fact, the internally powered Sun cannot perform the services for the universe that its dynamics require. The theory of the internally powered Sun simply doesn't work. It is so full of holes that it can't possibly work. Of course, it will likely take some time before the defective model of the Sun will be let go in the world of science and in public perception. Still, this needs to happen. The breakout to reality is urgently needed.
So what is wrong with the old theory about our Sun? Why is the Sun not a sphere of hydrogen gas? What is the generally accepted theory saying to us, that is wrong?
The general perception is that the Sun is a sphere of atomic gas, mostly hydrogen and some helium, and that within its core, at a calculated temperature of 15 million degrees Kelvin, at a gas density 150 times the density of water, nuclear fusion reactions do occur that generate vast amounts of energy by which the Sun becomes a brilliantly radiant sphere in the sky that has burnt for billions of years with unchanging intensity, and will keep on burning for a few more billion years to come.
The Sun is theorized to fuse hydrogen atoms together in a chain of reaction by which helium atoms are produced and some energy. The produced energy-flux by mass is deemed to be equal to the energy generated by the metabolism of a human being. The extreme energy of the Sun is deemed to be the result of energy accumulation derived from its great volume.
That's the prevailing theory.
But the theory doesn't add up, does it? The long-term climate history that has been discovered, the big ice age cycles that we have evidence of, and even the ice core records of the last Ice Age with its gigantic short-term temperature oscillations that are evidenced in them, all tell us that the Sun is anything but a constant star. The the internal solar fusion theory does not allow for the enormous short and long-term fluctuations that we have evidence of.
The theory tells us that the heat generated at the core of the Sun, by nuclear fusion, takes a path of 30 million years to slowly ooze to the surface by convection, and that even the heat transmission by photons takes 10,000 to 170,000 years to reach the solar surface. By this slow process, the Sun should be rock-solid, unvarying. But it isn't.
Even now, the Sun's energy cycle is oscillating at an 11-year beat. Although its visible light output remains presently steady within seven-tenth of a percent, in other parts of the spectrum its energy radiation, varies by a factor of 20, that's a two thousand percent difference.
There are so many items of physical evidence coming to the surface that shouldn't happen under the internal-fusion theory, but which do happen, that one is forced to conclude that the widely accepted theory is evidently wrong.
For example, it shouldn't be possible for the solar wind to accelerate against the force of gravity, as the wind flows away from the Sun.
Likewise, it shouldn't be possible that the corona around the Sun is hundreds of times hotter than the Sun itself. However, these impossibilities all happen. The theoretical impossibilities of self-evident facts, create paradoxes.
Neither should it be possible that when we look at the sunspots on the Sun, and look through the umbra below the surface, that the Sun is dark inside instead of being brilliantly radiant. However, as you can see for yourself, below its shiny skin, the Sun is dark.
Is this a paradox? No, it isn't. What we see is precisely what the Sun should be like, because nothing else is possible.
It is impossible for the Sun to be a gas sphere,
which the internal nuclear-fusion theory requires.
By what is required for the standard solar theory to function, the Sun should not exist. It is simply not possible for a gas-sphere of the size of the Sun, to exist. The gravity pressure in a gas sphere of such an immense size would be so great that all atoms in its core would be crushed, instead of atoms being fused into larger atoms. A gas sphere of the size of the Sun would also be a thousand times heavier than the Sun is known to be. No rational theory, no matter how exotic, can bridge this impossible paradox.
Just do some simple comparison. The gas planet Jupiter, at double the volume of Saturn, has double the mass density of Saturn. The doubling of the mass-density results from the greater compression of the gas by the greater gravity, which the larger gas-volume generates. This is what one would expect.
The Sun, in the same comparison, has a thousand times the volume of Jupiter, but it is known to have roughly the same mass-density as Jupiter. That's not possible.
The mass-density of the Sun would be more than a thousand times greater if it was a gas sphere. However, if the Sun was a plasma sphere, which is diffused by the repelling electric force that is inherent in plasma, the Sun's 'measured' mass-density is just about right.
The resulting gigantic paradox renders the internal fusion Sun theory, which depends on atomic hydrogen being fused into helium, to be totally wrong.
Great efforts have been made to explain the paradox away with exotic excuses, in order to rescue the false theory for which no evidence exists. Unfortunately, the process of shrouding paradoxes with exotic epicycles, for which no evidence exists either, is like saying to society, "we really don't know how the thing works. We are guessing. The paradoxical theory, impossible as it is, is the best we can come up with."
Of course, the paradoxical theory is the best theory possible when one is forced to proceed from the premise that 99.999% of the universe does not exist, so that the theory of the functioning of the Sun must be built on the one-thousandth of a percent of the universe that is allowed to be acknowledged in general perception. The result is necessarily, a hopelessly narrow perception, the kind that is characteristic of fairy tales that are told to children at bed time to put them asleep.
Researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory have come to the conclusion that the Universe is not as empty as the fairy-tale scripts make it out to be.
The researchers have come to the recognition that 99.999% of the mass of the universe - which is the portion that the fairy tales do not include - does indeed exist, and exists in the form of plasma.
Plasma is the blood of the universe. It consist of the basic particles that all atoms in the universe are made of. The particles also exists in free-flowing form with a ratio way above 10,000 to 1.
While free-flowing plasma in space is invisible, as its particles are 100,000 times smaller than the smallest atom, the existence of giant plasma streams in cosmic space is discernable by their effects.
For example, in cosmic space, we see the effects of the plasma streams in space in the alignment of stars and galaxies, often lined up in neat rows like beads on a string.
In the solar system we see the secondary effects of flowing plasma in the form of planets orbiting in an ecliptic around the Sun.
We also see the effect of plasma streams as solar wind, which is in part why plasma is called the lifeblood of the universe. Plasma is the lifeblood of the Sun. It enables electric nuclear fusion at its 'surface' layer. The solar wind is the result of it.
The Sun is a plasma star
with electric nuclear fusion occurring on its surface that operates at low temperature. No other types of solar energy are physically possible, nor would there be a need for other types, since electric plasma fusion on the surface of the Sun is the most efficient type of nuclear fusion possible. It is so efficient that it operates at such low temperature as the Sun's current 5,505 degrees Celsius.
The principle is efficient because its process is driven by electric interaction - by the interaction of one of the strongest forces in the universe.
Plasma exists in the form of extremely small energized particles that are deemed to be themselves but constructs, of constructs of energy. They carry both a quantity of mass, and a specific electric charge.
There are two main types of plasma particles recognized, a large type and a small type. The small type is named an electron. It carries a negative electric charge. The large type is named a proton. It is a thousand times larger than the electron and has nearly 2,000 times more mass, and it carries a positive electric charge.
As particles of mass, plasma particles gravitate towards one another by the effect of their mass, called gravity. The particles also affect one-another by the electric force. Particles that are of complimentary polarity, meaning opposite polarity, such as protons and electrons, attract one another by the electric force that is 39 orders of magnitude stronger than the force of gravity. Unlike, by the effect of gravity, plasma particles do also repel one-another by the electric force. This happens between particles of like polarity.
However, the opposite happens when the attracting particles come extremely close to one another. The reason is, that the universe would not function without this additional principle.
For example, if electrons were merely attracted to protons, they would latch onto one-another. As a result, nothing would move. The electrons would simply remain stuck there. Nothing useful would result. But this doesn't happen. Nowhere in the universe can we find electrons latched onto protons. Before they would latch on, the electrons rebound.
Instead of getting stuck by being latched onto protons, at close distances, the electrons bounce away from the protons, like a rubber ball rebounds when it hits a wall. By this rebounding effect, electrons become drawn into an endless dance around the protons in plasma. They are attracted from afar, and repelled at close distances, only to become attracted anew.
The same principle, may on the large scale, cause a repulsive barrier to form against the electron-dance, past a specific plasma density, which repells electrons out of the dense plasma region, somewhat like oil floating on water. This means that the visible surface of the Sun that we see, isn't actually a surface in the standard sense, but is merely a density determined zone where all the plasma interactions take place, including the fusion reactions that require a high electron-density.
The Sun that we see, is not as we expect it to be: It is a creative atom synthesizing 'engine' that is only skin-deep.
This means that when we look at the Sun, what we see, is in reality quite different than we imagine it to be. What we see is a thin active layer where electric interaction occurs, in which also nuclear fusion takes place, with an inactive ball of plasma below the active layer.
At the core of the plasma ball, some nuclear decay processes may occur that result when atomic structures drift down from the surface and become crushed by the plasma pressure, which then revert back to the plasma state from which they were created on the surface.
When the inflowing plasma stream becomes weak, and becomes insufficient to maintain the required electron density for the electric nuclear fusion to occur, the reactive layer will cease to function. It will simply cease to exist. A faint glow may remain as some weak reactions may continue to occur. And at the deep center a bright zone may be found, caused by the fission reactions of nuclear decay. In its inactive state, our Sun will likely become a 'white dwarf.'
Nuclear fusion happens on the surface of the Sun, for as long as the Sun operates in a healthy, electron rich, environment. When electrons become highly energized, the rapid movements of their dance around the proton has the effect that the electrons seem to be everywhere. When this dance happens with a great energy, an atom is being born. A hydrogen atom results from a single electron 'swarming' a single proton. The atom that is formed by this highly energetic dance, is typically 100,000 times larger than the proton at the center of the dance, and is a million times larger than the swarming electron itself that gives the atom its effective form.
The dynamic dance of electrons, can be a swarm of one, or of more that a hundred swarms of electrons arranged into 'rooms' and layers of rooms, up to 7 levels deep, all contained within a single atom, which, altogether give the atom its form.
It may be the powerful electromagnetic effect in flowing plasma, accelerated by magnetic fields, which accelerates the protons to the velocity needed for them to fuse. The fusion cells on the surface of the Sun are typically up to 1000 kilometers wide. They operate as very large particle accelerators that fuse plasma into such large structures as the uranium nucleus that required the fusion of 238 protons, some of which become converted into neutrons in the process of fusing.
By the intense electric interactions of plasma in the fusion process and with its synthesized atoms, electromagnetic energy, both in the form of light and thermal energy, is being emitted.
A different type of close-encounter effect occurs when two protons are forced closely to each other, with a greater force than their repelling electric force. In this case, at an extremely close distance, the protons' electric repelling force is reversed, and becomes an attractive force instead, which snaps the two protons together.
The energy that overcomes the repulsion for this to happen, of course, has to be absorbed. It becomes absorbed by one of the protons, that thereby looses its electric polarity. The joined proton becomes electrically neutral in the process. It becomes a neutron. By this radical transformation of the previous proton into a neutron, the fused particles form a larger unit in which the neutron, essentially acts like a glue between protons in the resulting nucleus that becomes the center of an atom.
By the process of protons becoming bundled together, it becomes possible for large atoms to be formed that have numerous protons at their center, forming large clusters for large atomic structures, as in the case of uranium, where the entire large nucleus is being latched together with more neutrons that serve as glue for the giant package, than protons in the package.
In this manner, more than a hundred different elementary atoms are being created on the solar surface. We find them arranged in the periodic table of elements, according to the number of protons contained in each package.
Typically the ratio of protons to neutrons is 1 to 1. In larger atoms, a greater ratio of neutrons is required to hold the big nuclei together. As I said, more glue is needed there. However, in every case, the number of electrons in an atom, matches the number of protons, whereby the electric fields inside an atom balance each other out. By this perfect equality, every resulting atom becomes electrically neutral. While it is possible for the swarming electrons of closely spaced atoms to share each other's space, which latch atoms together into molecules and so on, the electric neutrality of the atomic structures remains always intact.
The balancing act that creates electrically neutral packages, which all atoms and molecules are, is of critical importance for the universe to exist, and for us to exist. This electric balancing act is the 'heart' that motivates everything. The electric balancing that creates electrically neutral atoms is one of the main factors why the cold-fusion Sun theory is possible, or for that matter, any atomic synthesizing fusion is possible.
When an atom is formed that is electrically neutral, the repelling force that would keep the protons repelled from each other in plasma, is suddenly neutralized. This means that far-more protons, when joined to form atoms, can be packed into a given space than would otherwise be able to exist in that space.
In the unbound state, electric repulsion makes plasma extremely light and thinly diffused. In comparison, plasma bound into atoms is heavy, because the resulting package is dramatically smaller. Even the hydrogen atom is, heavy, in comparison with plasma, and of course, the helium atom is four-times heavier still.
The dense packaging of protons into atoms renders the internal solar nuclear-fusion theory, a fundamental impossibility.
Because of the tight packing of atoms, a gas sphere the size of the Sun, filled with atoms of hydrogen and helium, would likely be a thousand times heavier, if not more so, than the Sun actually is.
As if the mass-density paradox was not enough to disprove the theory of the Sun being a hydrogen star, one may further consider that an even greater paradox exists. Where would the hydrogen have been produced that under the internal fusion theory, makes up a Sun? That's a paradox.
It is a paradox, because a sun is the only operating platform in the universe that causes the synthesis of atoms from plasma, including the hydrogen atom. The paradox is that the hydrogen could not have come from the Sun. A sun cannot produce itself. It cannot operate before it exists. Nor would the supposed accretion of dust separate out the light hydrogen for the Sun, and the heavy atoms for the planets. Accretion doesn't work that way.
The resulting built-in hydrogen origin paradox is so great that it closes the door on any possibility for the Sun to be a gas star with internal, atomic fusion happening in its core. This renders the theory as but a dream - a dream enabled by another dream, the Big Bang creation dream.