Electric Planets, Sun, and Sunspots
(01 The electric nature of the universe )
The electric nature of the universe becomes evident to some degree in our solar system in the effect that planetary alignment has on the sunspots.
With the Sun being electrically powered at its outer surface, it stands to reason that whatever affects the Sun electrically, also affects the dynamics of its sunspots, which result by the nature of the Sun, from extreme electric conditions.
(02 Plasma that carries an electric charge )
Since the planets orbit in the near space around the Sun, and this space is pervaded by the solar wind - which is a wind of flowing plasma that carries an electric charge - the planets have acquired a substantial electric charge. Their charge interacts with the complementary electric charge of the Sun.
(03 Visible in the sunspots )
The resulting interaction has noticeable effects that become visible in the sunspots on the Sun!
These effects that are observed, however, present a paradox, because what is observed shouldn't really happen.
(04 The planets tell us a story )
Thus, as the planets present their secrets, they have a significant story to tell. This story, in turn, enables us to look into the future. The planets tell us a story that supports a wide range of other critical stories, even though the planets themselves do not actually play a significant causative role, directly.
Are you confused yet?
In order to solve the paradox, let me begin by saying that the story, which the planets tell us, begins with the planets' alignment with each other, as their alignment has an apparent effect on the Sun.
(05 Effect of planetary alignment )
The effect of planetary alignment on sunspots.
(06 Many people are puzzled )
Many people are puzzled by the planets having an effect on the sunspots. When the major planets are in line with each other their combined effect weakens the sunspots.
For example, it has been recognized by researchers that the intensity of the sunspots decreases when the sunspots come into the view of the Earth. This shouldn't be possible.
(07 Our tiny earth )
Our tiny earth, shouldn't have such a strong effect, to affect the sunspots over such a great distance. The planets are shown in scale here, by size, but not by distance. The Earth is about 100 times as distant from the Sun as the Sun is wide. And Neptune is over 3,000 times as distant. None of the planets should affect the Sun. Definitely not the Earth, with the Sun being 332,000 times more massive. Still, in spite of what one would expect from this interrelationship, an effect is being observed.
(08 One of the smallest planets )
What has been observed doesn't make any sense then, right?
It is not possible that one of the smallest planets in the solar system affect our gigantic Sun so strongly that the results become visible in the dynamics of the sunspots, some of which are thousands of kilometers wide?
The difference between even the combined mass of planets, and the mass of the Sun, is so immensely great that the planets altogether contain only 14 one hundredth of a percent of the mass of the solar system, with the Sun containing all by itself 99.86% of it.
How then is it possible that this minuscule portion of mass that the planets represent, affect the gigantic mass of the Sun in any way at all?
(09 An illusion? )
Is the visible effect, that is being observed, an illusion? Evidently it is not an illusion. As one observer has asked recently: 'We have been noticing that active sunspots deteriorate as they are facing earth, and then power back up as they turn away. What would cause this?'
(10 Gravitational hold on the Moon )
It has been suggested by some observers that the effect of the planets on the sunspots is similar to the way the Earth is affected by its gravitational hold on the Moon, which keeps the Moon in orbit around the Earth. It can be said that the Moon is latched to the Earth by the gravitational attraction of the two bodies of mass!
The gravitational attraction has a pulling effect on the Earth. The evidence on the Earth is visible in the oceans. The oceans are fluid, and as they are pulled towards the moon by the linking force of gravitational attraction, the ocean levels rise 'minutely,' which is recognized on the sea shores as the rising tides.
When the process is observed on the Earth, the tidal action happens once a day as the Earth rotates under the Moon. Since the Moon orbits slowly around the Earth, once every 27 days, the timing of the tidal action on the earth shifts slightly every day with the relative position of the Moon to the Earth.
But when seen from the Moon, the tidal effect would be always the same. As the Earth rotates under the Moon's field of gravity, the tide rises when an ocean rotates into the Moon's gravitational field, which is its 'field of vision,' and when the ocean rotates out of this 'field of vision' the tide falls back to 'normal.' From the standpoint of the moon, this process never varies, though it is too slight to be actually observable from the moon.
(11 Gravitational tidal effect )
Is a similar gravitational tidal effect possible, to account for the interaction between the Earth and the Sun? The answer has to be, NO! The gravitational attraction between the Earth and the Sun is too weak to affect any practical tidal motions. The gravitational attraction between the Sun and the Earth is 2000 times less than the gravitational attraction between the Earth and the Moon. The gravitational effect of the Earth is simply too minuscule to affect something as powerful as the sunspots on the Sun.
(12 The alignment of Jupiter )
Even if the alignment of Jupiter with the Earth was considered as a potential cause, with Jupiter having a 12 times greater gravitational affect on the Sun, than the Earth has, the combined result will still not be sufficient for any effect whatsoever to be noticeable. This applies to all the major planets in the same manner. The combined 'tidal' action of the Earth and Jupiter together, on the Sun, would still be only six one-thousands as strong of the tidal effect of the Moon on the Earth. This, too, is far too little for an effect to be observable. Thus the question remains, what has the power to produce the change of the sunspots on the Sun, and other similar phenomena?
(13 The barycentre )
In the search for answers, some scientists have studied the change in the sunspot intensity in relationship with the solar system's changing center of gravity relative to the Sun. As you can see in the resulting plot, the position of the center of gravity, called the barycentre, takes big swings away from the physical center of the Sun as the planets orbit around it. It is being reasoned that the large diversions that have been plotted here should logically have a large stressing effect on the nuclear powered core of the Sun and on its heat convection process, with the Sun being assumed in this case, to be a nuclear fusion furnace.
Indeed, if one compares the computed result with the changing sunspot pattern, the sunspot evidence matches rather closely the computed pattern. Unfortunately, the application of the barycentre for this comparison is fundamentally flawed. Although the evidence matches amazingly well, the underlying concept for the comparison is wrong, which makes the result irrelevant and the conclusions incorrect. The barycenter concept, as it is applied here, does not apply to gravitationally bound structures where the link between the masses is affected by the inverse square law.
(14 Centre of gravity between two masses )
By definition, the barycentre is the centre of gravity between two masses, or the point where the complex of the masses balance. It is also the point around which the masses can rotate with the respective centrifugal force of their masses being dynamically balanced. This, in short, is the barycentre principle. It applies perfectly to rigidly connected structures. However, the solar system isn't rigidly connected.
(15 The effective link between the masses )
The barycentre principle cannot be applied to gravitationally bound structures, because the effective link between the masses diminishes with the square of the distance. That's a basic principle for gravitational attraction.
(16 The mass-balance concept does not apply )
That the mass-balance concept does not apply to the solar system is evident when one considers the extremes. If Jupiter, which is almost 6000 times more massive than Mercury, was placed in the orbit of Mercury, the innermost planet, its close approximation would result in only a minute shift of the center of gravity away from the center of the Sun, which according to the theory should cause no disturbance for the sunspots. In reality the opposite would happen. The gravitational disturbance would be immense. It might even rip the planet Jupiter apart. Inversely, if Jupiter was placed far outside the orbit of the farthest planet, the computed shift of the barycenter would be extremely large, which should be alarming under the sunspot theory, while in reality its gravitation effect in the Sun would be near zero - too small for any consideration whatsoever. These extreme cases disprove the theory that the shifting barycenter is affecting the sunspot cycles. It proves the theory to be false. The theory fails the simplest test. And so, obviously, the barycenter theory of the solar system remains false no matter how many scientists believe in it.
(17 The continuing paradox )
If the planets were linked by a rigid connection, then the mass-balance principle would apply.
In the real world, the mass that the Sun sees in the planets diminishes with the square of the distance. By this factor the dynamic balance point becomes located dramatically closer to the center of the Sun!
When the resulting, now true affect, is computed, the result is simply too minuscule for any practical consideration. The assumed affect of the orbits of planets on the Sun is thereby invalidated, even while the assumptions based on the theory accord with the observed effects.
The continuing paradox implies that a different principle, other than mass via gravity interaction, is in operation that produces the observed effects.
(18 Strong sources for cosmic radio emissions )
One researcher has hinted in such a direction when he found it puzzling, for example, that the observed effect of Saturn on the solar sunspots is nearly as extensive as that of Jupiter, with Jupiter being 3 times more massive and only half as distant from the Sun!
He recognized that the observed effect in this case does not really agree with the assumption, and thereby puts into doubt the entire base of assumptions.
In puzzling over how to resolve the enigma the researcher noted, that like the Sun, Saturn and Jupiter are both strong sources for cosmic radio emissions. Based on this knowledge, he reasoned that perhaps other forces of energy, other than gravitational attraction, might be involved in affecting the sunspots in relationship to the solar system.
He did not go as far as recognizing that a stronger force than gravity does actually exist, which exists plentifully in interplanetary space, and is a force that is almost unaffected by distance.
(19 Electric force is 42 orders of magnitude stronger )
This stronger force is the electric force. While an electron and a proton particle, which both have mass, are attracted to each other by the force of gravity, they also attract each other by the electric force, by virtue of them being electrically charged,. The difference between the two effects is huge. The difference between the electric force of attraction, and the attracting force of gravity, is unimaginably enormous. The attracting electric force, in the case of a proton and an electron, is 42 orders of magnitude stronger than the force of gravity between the two objects. That's an unimaginably vast difference.
(20 The effect of the planets on the Sun )
If one observes the effect of the planets on the Sun, and considers the electric force as the real cause for the observed effects of the planets on the sunspots, then the result matches the observed evidence perfectly. On this basis the perturbation effect of Saturn on the Sun, should be nearly the same as that for Jupiter, in spite of their difference in mass and distance. The primary reason for this near-equal effect is that both planets are nearly identical in physical size, and considering further that distance is not a significant factor for the electric force..
(21 To reach across long distances )
If an opposite electric charge is applied to two distant objects, an electric field forms. The field lines bend towards each other and become bunched together, which enables them to reach across long distances, without them loosing their effectiveness.
(22 Long-reach electric attraction )
In the solar system the conditions exist for this type of long-reach attraction to be possible. With all of the planets being touched by the solar wind, which is rich in protons, the planets absorb large amounts of the protons. The protons accumulate thereby a positive electric charge.
The negative electric potential, in turn, that makes the long-reach electric attraction possible, is located at the Sun.
(23 The Sun is electrically powered )
The Sun is electrically powered by a dense plasma field surrounding it, which is furnished by the operation of electromagnetic Primer Fields. The plasma flowing through the solar system, is concentrated by the Primer Fields focused onto the Sun, which further attracts it at a 'close' distance with its rather substantial gravity. As the condensed plasma around the Sun becomes extremely dense by this process, the plasma forms a double layer sheet of electric charge-separation, which encircles the Sun at close distance, forming an outer plasma atmosphere.
(24 The double layer sheet )
The double layer sheet forms when protons and electrons, which normally attract each other, become forced so close to each other that they become repulsive to each other.
The nuclear repulsion effect at a close-distance is a part of the basic natural principle of the atomic force of the universe. Without this close-distance repulsion, not a single atom would exist. It is evidently for this reason that the electrons and protons in the universe are never allowed to become 'locked' together, because nothing can be built on this platform. We wouldn't have a universe then.
(25 A dynamic construct )
The tangible universe exists exclusively as a dynamic construct built on the interplay of the electrons and protons. Without this interplay of attraction and repulsion, the atoms that the planets and galaxies are made of, would not exist
This amazing dynamic interplay is a 'dance' that is activated by the unequal electric charge that attracts an electron to a proton. The attraction is strong, and is effective over 'long' distances, but at really close distances they repel each other.
(26 Electric charges perfectly balanced within an atom )
The construction of an atom occurs when the 'dance' happens at extremely high energy levels. At these high energy levels the electrons never get away from their attracting nucleus, so that by the dynamics of the dance a large sphere of energetic forces is created, called an atom, which is typically a 100,000 times larger in size than the sum of its parts. The electric charges are also perfectly balanced within an atom, whereby the atom becomes electrically neutral!
There exist as many electrons bound up in an atom, which carry a negative charge, as there are protons in its nucleus, which carry a positive charge, so that the combined electric effect is nil.
(27 The neutron acts like a 'glue' )
As the result of this balance an atom is inherently, electrically neutral. When larger atoms are formed that contain more than one proton in their nucleus, an equal number of electrons become bound to this larger nucleus so that the atom ends up to be electrically neutral.
However, the building of larger atoms poses a problem for the nucleus. In as much as particles of unequal electric charge attract each other, all particles of equal charge repel each other. This basic electric principle would make it impossible for a large nucleus of more than one proton to exist. The protons would drive each other apart.
In order to overcome this problem the universe 'invented' a third basic particle, called the neutron. The neutron carries no electric charge, but acts like a 'glue' that keeps the multiple protons in a nucleus bound to one-another. The number of neutrons typically matches the number of protons in the smaller atoms and exceeds that number in the larger atoms where more glue is needed.
For example, the largest natural atom, that of uranium 238, contains 92 protons and 92 electrons. This balance makes it electrically neutral, But being very large, it requires 146 neutrons in its nucleus that keep the nucleus glued together.
The neutrons themselves do not exists naturally. They are dynamically created in the process of binding a large nuclei together. Neutrons are in essence modified protons that have a portion of their constituent elements flipped, by which they fulfill their binding function. The neutrons cannot exist in an unbound state. If they are split away from a nucleus, the neutrons revert back to being protons again.
The exploration of the nature of an atom, especially the relationship between electrons, protons, and neutrons, has an important implication in cosmology.
(28 At the Los Alamos National Laboratory )
Researchers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory have come to the recognition that 99.999% of the mass of the universe exists in the unbound form, called plasma, which is primarily a form of free protons and electrons dispersed throughout cosmic space. In this context, the two to one ratio between protons and electrons that the atomic universe is made up, suggests that the plasma in space would logically have a similar ratio, meaning that probably twice as many protons exist in plasma in space, than electrons, which gives plasma in space a strong over-all electric charge. This recognition coincides with the recognition held by researchers, such as at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, that the universe is pervaded by extremely large electrically active plasma streams that are magnetically self-confined, self-concentrated, with the largest ones extending in some cases across distances spanning hundreds of millions of light years.
(29 Plasma cosmology )
Researchers in plasma cosmology suggest that the string-like alignment of galaxies, and their relative equal spacing within these apparent strings, reflects the galaxies nature as inherent elements of these long-distance plasma streams.
(30 String-like arrangement )
The same string-like arrangement is also apparent if we look closely at the stars of our own galaxy as we look through the curtain of stars to the neighbouring galaxy, Andromeda. Each star is a sun.
(31 One of the node points )
Our own Sun is one of the stars of the galaxy. Our entire solar system exists at one of the node points of the great maze of cosmic electric streams that power the galaxies and everything within them.
(32 David LaPoint the' Primer Fields.' )
At the node points the galactic plasma streams become concentrated by the pinch phenomenon of the discovered Lorentz force. The phenomenon in turn creates a secondary phenomenon that its discoverer, David LaPoint calls, the' Primer Fields.' The Primer Fields are electromagnetic phenomena that focus the plasma streams in highly concentrated form onto a catalyst, such as our Sun!
The primer fields process is typically invisible, except in extreme cases, as in the case of the Red Square nebula that illustrates the principle involved.
The highly concentrated plasma is further compacted by the gravitational attraction of the Sun.
(33 The charge separation )
At this intensely concentrated state, the energy level of the plasma particles remains still weak, too weak for the formation of atoms to become possible. However, the concentration is now so dense that electric attraction and repulsion of the plasma particles forges them into a double-layer sheet in which the dense plasma becomes electrically separated.
In this high-density environment, the plasma particles become grouped into a negatively charged layer of electrons, and a positively charged layer of protons. The two layers that are separated only minutely by what may be called the strong force, a stable electric sheet is formed that enables high-potential electric charge separation. In the case of the Sun, the electric double-layer sheet completely encircles the Sun!
The charge separation provides the activating force for the energy release that powers our Sun.
(34 An electric discharge current )
As the density in the double layer sheet becomes extreme, the electric tension between the layers builds up so strongly that the separating barrier becomes overpowered. In this case an electric discharge current begins to flow that forms its own primer fields, as shown here in the shape derived in a laboratory experiment. In the resulting, further intensified electric discharge action, the electric currents flow creates such intense interaction that electromagnetic waves result that radiate from the Sun as heat and light, and so on. All this happens at the surface of the Sun.
While the details of the process are more complicated than that, the end result is that the cross-currents that flow between the double-layer electric sheet excite the photosphere of the Sun in a highly intensive manner.
The same process, of course, occurs throughout the universe. Every star is lit up by an electrically activated photosphere. The power output is largely determined by the effective force of gravity of a sun, and to some degree by the general density of the plasma streams that are flowing through the solar systems. Of the two factors, the plasma density, of course, is the most variable factor that directly determines the output energy of a sun, including our Sun, which of course is reflected in the climate on the Earth.
(35 Large climate fluctuations )
The extremely large climate fluctuations that have occurred on earth during the last half of billion years, that we have evidence for in deep-sea sediments, including for the ice ages and the large climate oscillations within the ice ages, are exactly the kind of phenomena that one would expect from a catalytic sun that rapidly varies its intensity with the variations in the supply density.
(36 Links the Sun electrically with the planets )
This means, on the scale of astrophysics, that the same electric potential that lights up the Sun, also enables the forming of a long-distance electrically-attractive force that links the Sun electrically with the planets.
(37 The Sun a negative electric face )
The electric double-layer sheet that spans the entire Sun, contains on its outside a vast swarm of electrons that gives the Sun outwardly a negative electric face. This is the face that the positive charge of the face of the planets links with. The connecting electric force is substantial, though this force doesn't act on the Sun itself and its mass!
As an electric force, it interacts only with the electric double-layer sheet; not with the mass of the Sun itself.
(38 Sunspots open up )
Somewhat like an atom, a sun has an energetic outer shell that external forces act on. In the case of the Sun, the electric force that acts on the Sun, tugs strongly on the electric double-layer sheet that surrounds it. It lifts it up. It changes its distance, slightly, to the Sun below it. It thereby weakens the electric 'crowding' below the surface, It weakens the plasma pressure that builds up below the double layer. This backpressure from below can become so great that it inhibits the discharge currents that flow through the primer fields across the double layer. When the discharge currents become inhibited by the backpressure, the electric energy pumping stops. The double-layer sheet ruptures by the stress of the back-pressure. Sunspots open up.
In this context the electric effects of the planets on the Sun become faintly noticeable. The more the interplanetary electric force pulls the double-layer sheet away from the underlying Sun, the weaker the sunspot activity becomes as the back-pressure is thereby being reduced. The resulting effect is large enough that it can be observed from the Earth.
(39 Jupiter, Saturn, and the Earth )
The result of this interaction is evidently far greater than what the strongest gravitational effect would produce on the Sun!
It is this effect, evidently, that the observer saw the result of, who saw the sunspots getting weaker when they roll into the field of vision from the Earth, and then getting stronger again as they roll off. The weakening that was observed in this case, might have been caused by the electric effect of Jupiter being lined up behind the Earth, or Saturn perhaps, or both of them together..
The alignment of Jupiter with the Earth happens in short beats of two months in duration. The beat occurs at intervals of roughly 13 months. The 13-months interval is the result of Jupiter orbiting much more slowly than the Earth. Jupiter requires 12 years for a single orbit.
The overlapping interval is roughly the same for Saturn. However, for the conjunction of both Jupiter, Saturn, and the Earth occurring at the same time takes a bit longer. The beat for this event is spaced 20 years apart. This means that the big observable effects of the planetary alignment, affecting the Sun, should happen in cycles of 20 years. This, apparently, accords with visible observations.
(40 Uranus and Neptune )
Now with Uranus and Neptune being both smaller in size - a bit less than half - both should also have a proportional effect on the sunspot numbers, together with Jupiter and Saturn, according to the time of their orbit, and of course more so when both Neptune and Uranus are aligned together.
(41 In beats spaced 178 years apart )
The alignment of Uranus and Neptune occurs in beats spaced 178 years apart. The three most recent conjunctions occurred in 1650 at the start of the Maunder minimum, then in 1821 during the Dalton minimum, with the last one occurring in 1993, which happened to be one of the big maximum periods where the effect was negligible.
Uranus covers a 45 degree arc in 10.7 years, and Neptune the same in 20.6 years. Some researchers suggest that their conjunction, especially when it occurs together with Jupiter and Saturn, is the chief cause for all the sunspot minimum periods. This assumption is highly debatable, since the sunspots themselves are fringe effects.
(42 Mere fringe events )
In the big sweep of long-term history, all of the numerous planetary conjunctions appear to be mere fringe events that are modulating the larger general trends.
The fact that the sunspot modulations are fringe events is seen in the fact that even the big climate events, like the Little Ice Age that resulted in devastating agricultural losses over a span of 300 years, from the 1550s to the 1850s, are themselves insignificant blips in the overall flow of the great climate fluctuations that occurred throughout the current interglacial period, not to mention the last Ice Age.
(43 Proof that the Sun is electrically powered )
The big significant element that comes to light through the exploration of what affects the sunspot cycles, is not located in the sunspot cycles themselves and their effect, but is located in the resulting proof that the sunspot phenomenon is an electric phenomenon, which adds one more item of proof that the Sun is electrically powered, and that the electric force is the most energetic, far-reaching, and strongest force in the cosmic universe with some rather amazing effects in the solar system, including on earth.
With this said, let's look at the details of the sunspots being electric phenomena.
(44 Electric sunspot dynamics )
Electric sunspot dynamics
(45 Resulting evidence surprising )
The effect that the conjunctions of the planets do have on the sunspots, as small as the effect is, is valuable for consideration in that it proves that we live in an electric universe, and in an electrified solar system with an electric sun at the center.
Many people find the resulting evidence surprising.
(46 The electric cosmology theory )
This fact alone makes the revelation that results from considering the sunspot variations, a valuable factor in advancing our understanding of the ice age dynamics and its enormous and rapid climate transitions that no theory prior to the electric cosmology theory can demonstrably explain.
There exists no rational basis in mechanistic theories, like the Milankovitch cycles theory, for explaining the big historic temperature fluctuations that the ice core samples tell us of.
(47 The Milankovitch cycles theory )
The Milankovitch cycles theory is based on variations of the orbit of the Earth and the cyclical shifting of the tilt of its spin axis. The variations, in cycles spanning tens of thousands of years, result in changing patterns of seasonal and hemispheric solar exposure that become manifest as climate shifts. However, all of these orbital variations, no matter how great they are, and how they may combine in seasonal effects, do not result in the slightest change of the total amount of solar radiation that is received on earth.
These small seasonal variations, even in combination, are evidently insufficient a cause for the huge ice sheets to form that pile up over 10,000 feet deep in some places.
(48 The big climate fluctuations )
The big climate fluctuations that give us the ice ages, and the large and rapid climate fluctuations within them, evidently reflect big causes. No known principle exists in mechanistic theories where the Sun is regarded as an invariable constant, for the observed big effects to happen.
However, by recognizing electric principles as causative factors, which render a sun as being electrically powered - which also means that a Sun can become inactive for periods when the electric conditions fail - then the observed climate cycles come to light as inevitable consequences of the knowable dynamics of changing electric conditions.
(49 Electric input density fluctuations )
An electrically powered sun that is subject to electric input density fluctuations is naturally reflected in the form of large climate fluctuations as we find preserved in ice core samples. No other causative factor other than large and rapid solar energy fluctuation is logically possible to have the observed enormous climate effects.
(50 The fusion-sun theory )
We are seeing evidence of rapid warming events, from deep glacial conditions to near interglacial conditions, occurring in the space of just decades in some cases, followed by gradual cooling spanning several hundred years.
The fusion-sun theory cannot support the observed evidence, no matter how many 'epicycles' are invented to justify the theory. The fusion sun theory is built on slow heat transfer processes. It is deemed to take a span of 30 million years for the fusion heat from the reactive region of the Sun to become transferred to the surface.
The fusion-sun theory has no basis for supporting the big changes in time-frames of decades, such as are known to have occurred, like the Dansgaard-Oeschger oscillations shown here that we have seen during the last Ice Age, including the Ice Age itself.
(51 The impending next Ice Age )
Even the 'smaller' large-scale climate fluctuations that have occurred during the current interglacial period, defy the fusion-sun theory that renders the Sun as an invariable constant.
By this built-in failure, the fusion-sun theory renders itself evidently false. By being false, the fusion-sun theory is dangerous, as it blocks the recognition of the impending next Ice Age that is already on the horizon, which may be upon us within decades according to the dynamics of the unfolding conditions that are becoming increasingly evident.
(52 The solar activity can completely collapse )
The electric-sun theory, in contrast, is readily able to explain the big effects that we have evidence for, by pointing to the small effects, evident in the sunspots, where the same principles are at work on the local scale. This means that the time has come to acknowledge the evidence that we have, and that we move with it. The ice age facts - which suggest with great certainty that the solar activity can completely collapse, even while no one has ever seen the Sun turn off and become a dim yellow star - can actually be seen in the small by observing the sunspots. The process happens almost on a daily basis.
(53 A granulated Sun )
Before we can recognize what we see in the sunspots, we first need to take a look at what we see on the Sun before the sunspots appear. We see a granulated Sun.
(54 Interlocked magnetic Primer Fields )
These apparent granules are not convection cells of bubbling gases, such as by the heat of a slow nuclear fusion furnace bubbling to the surface in its 30-million-year heat transfer process. The granules that we see are the typical features of interlocked magnetic Primer Fields that form in the flow of large electric plasma currents.
(55 Cells of discharge currents )
The principle has been demonstrated in the laboratory in electric flow experiments. The features that were discovered there in the lab can serve as a guide to interpret what we see happening on the surface of the Sun where the electric potential of the double-layer sheet causes cells of discharge currents to form.
(56 Primer fields in operation )
In this comparison the granules of the Sun come to light as a vast sea of bowl- type primer fields in operation, existing side by side.
When electric currents flow, they become pinched together by the Lorentz force, by which the bowl type fields are formed. On the Sun, the resulting plasma current structures typically span several hundred kilometers across.
As the magnetic bowl type fields form, three magnetic elements develop.
(57 David LaPoint has discovered )
One of these is a magnetic 'flip ring' as David LaPoint calls it, who has discovered the primer fields existence and their function. The flip ring flips the inflowing plasma stream upwards and below a second magnetic structure that David LaPoint has termed the 'confinement dome.'
(58 David LaPoint the 'choke ring.' )
Under the confinement dome the plasma becomes accumulated. It becomes highly concentrated there. Some of the concentrated plasma typically escapes through the bottom of the bowl where it becomes focused by a third magnetic feature that David LaPoint calls the 'choke ring.' The choke ring keeps the plasma pressure high, under the confinement dome.
(59 Narrow jet-like burst )
When the pressure under the confinement dome becomes too great, the dome ruptures briefly and allows a portion of the plasma to escape in a narrow jet-like burst that becomes accelerated by the bowl type magnetic fields.
(60 The plasma jets become the solar wind )
On the surface of the Sun we see all of these features in action. We see the cellular formation of the bowl type structures with a large bright inner 'core,' which is likely the containment dome. The plasma jets flowing from the confinement dome evidently combine to become the solar wind that is not visible, but is measurable. The wind is accelerated to great velocities, moving away from the Sun against the pull of gravity.
(61 David LaPoint illustrates )
David LaPoint illustrates the acceleration process in one of his videos about the Primer Fields. He illustrates the accelerating force of the magnetic bowl system by inserting a magnetized object into the hole of a magnetic bowl. In his lab experiment, the object that he inserts becomes accelerated so strongly that it flies 30 feet across the room.
The same principle that he illustrates, evidently also applies to the solar wind. The solar wind that is flowing from the Sun becomes accelerated in a similar manner to a velocity of typically 800 kilometers per second. While the solar wind is accelerated increasingly along the way, up to a point, and also becomes heated along the way to high temperatures, the speeding and heating appears to result from a secondary process of magnetic acceleration and energy conversion.
The initial energy appears to be imparted to the solar wind by the jet-acceleration process in the magnetic bowl structure, as David LaPoint illustrates here.
(62 Electric currents magnetically isolated )
The out-flowing plasma jets apparently do not conflict with the inflowing plasma. Electric currents flowing in opposite directions become magnetically isolated from each other by the opposite of the pinch effect of the Lorentz force. The accelerated solar winds, as they combine together into thin, faint plasma streams, create the Sun's corona.
When the plasma flowing through the Primer Fields becomes weaker, the jet pulses escaping the confinement domes become weaker also. As a consequence the combined solar wind becomes weaker too. This weakening can be measured. NASA's Ulysses spacecraft measured a 30% reduction of the solar wind-pressure over a 10-year period ending in 2008.
(63 Symptoms of a strongly activated Sun )
In the other extreme, when the plasma density is so great that the concentrated plasma that flows through the magnetic bowls creates excessive back pressure, the back-pressure can cause the plasma flow to stop and the primer fields to collapse. When this happens, the plasma inflow stops. The result then is that the accumulated back pressure simply blows out. It blows out the double layer with it. That's how the sunspots happen. This doesn't mean that the sunspots are a bad sign. To the contrary, sunspots are symptoms of a strongly activated Sun.
They result from localized electric overload conditions. During the climatic weak periods no sunspots occur, or only a few.
(64 Giant mass ejections leave large holes )
Sometimes these eruptions that break the double-layer confinement, flow out in the form of giant mass ejections that leave large holes in the photosphere, like the one shown that spans 20,000 kilometres across. However, whether the result is large, or so small that only a single cell stops operating, the blowout leaves a dark sunspot in the wake.
(65 The plasma loops )
When the blowout is not enormously large, the escaping plasma falls back onto to the Sun in the form of magnetically confined, filamentary plasma loops. The plasma loops typically follow the magnetic field lines of the Sun's underlying magnetic fields.
(66 Magnetic fields messy on the Sun )
The resulting loops are shaped by the localized surface magnetic fields which tend to be rather messy on the Sun, which is by no means a homogenous soup, but a tangled network of flowing electric plasma currents.
(67 Large electric currents flowing )
The Sun has large electric currents flowing in its surface that is the complex result of numerous causes, including the Sun's differential rotation that causes it to rotate faster at its equator than at its poles. The resulting twisting, and evidently deeper currents, can be seen in x-ray imaging as shown here.
(68 Magnetic fields )
It is a basic fact of physics that wherever electric currents flow, magnetic fields are formed. The two cannot be separated. Nor can the magnetically shaped phenomena be separated from the electric currents that form the magnetic effects.
(69 Magnetic fields channel the escaping plasma )
The magnetic fields that form, typically channel the escaping plasma flow from the erupting areas where the primer fields break down, back down to the surface of the Sun.
(70 Giant solar mass ejections )
The giant solar mass ejections that break the magnetic bonds are relatively rare.
(71 Preview of what can happen )
When the breakdown of the Primer Fields happens over a large area, and large sunspots occur, we get a brief localized preview of what can happen to the entire Sun when the main Primer Fields break down that focus the galactic plasma streams onto the Sun as a whole. In this case, when the main priming process collapses due to insufficient plasma density in the system, the entire Sun becomes inactive, and the next ice age begins.
The sunspots, of course, become filled in again relatively quickly with plasma flowing from the surrounding region.
But when the main Primer Fields fail, the recovery time evidently is much longer. During the last Ice Age the Dangaard-Oeschger events occurred in beets spaced 1470 years apart.
(72 Sunspots a measure of solar activity )
Typically, the sunspots, which are tiny spots of inactivity, are merely fringe events that result from localized overload conditions, even while the resulting spots can span tens of thousands of kilometers in size, with some of the big ones reaching up to 160,000 kilometers in diameter. That's more than 10 times the diameter of the Earth in comparison. The size and number of the sunspots is combined into a measure of the strength of the solar activity.
(73 Solar wind pressure )
Another measure of solar intensity is the measure of the solar wind pressure. A stronger Sun creates stronger solar winds, which in turn create a denser heliosphere. The heliosphere is a sphere of plasma that forms where the solar winds come to a stop. The resulting region of accumulated plasma attenuates incoming galactic cosmic-ray flux. Thus, thee denser the heliosphere is, the stronger its attenuation is, and the less the cosmic-ray flux that gets through to the Earth.
(74 The CLOUD experiment at CERN )
As has been experimentally verified with the CLOUD experiment at the CERN laboratory in Europe, the amount of cosmic ray flux that gets to the Earth is a powerful factor in the cloud forming process.
(75 Drought conditions )
This means that as the result of a denser heliosphere produced by a more-strongly active Sun, we see less cloudiness happening, with more moisture in the atmosphere, and with a warmer Earth as the outcome, with smaller temperature fluctuations occurring. The clouds that form under those weak cosmic-ray flux conditions stay longer in the sky and are carried farther with more moisture being spread abroad that gives us fewer or no drought conditions as one would expect.
(76 Increased cloud-forming )
Inversely, when the sunspots are no longer seen, or fewer of them, we have a weaker Sun in operation, whereby the solar winds are likewise weaker. We get a weaker heliosphere then, as the result, with increased galactic cosmic-ray flux coming through its barrier, which increases the cloud forming process and makes the Earth colder.
The increased cloud-forming takes moisture out of the atmosphere. Since water vapour is the prime cause for the world's greenhouse effect, the reduced greenhouse effect allows the climate fluctuations to become larger.
(77 The larger fluctuations )
The larger fluctuations cause increased tornadoes, hurricanes, and more severe drought conditions. This is where we are today. The solar activity is declining, and with it all of these effects are happening and increasing.
(78 Fringe events - mere ripples )
Nevertheless, in spite of the enormous scale of these events, even as the events become larger, they remain but fringe events - mere ripples on the long sweep of the changing plasma density surrounding the solar system.
(79 The ice age epochs )
Even the ice age epochs are but ripples on the very long sweep of geologic history, where Ice Age epochs occur in widely separated beats spaced hundreds of millions of years apart. The previous beat in this long sweep occurred 450 million yeas ago when the big proliferation of life on our planet took off. In the current beat the dawn of humanity happened.
(80 The next ice age is close at hand )
Since the current beat of the fringe events of the ice ages won't be over for a few more million years yet, and the next ice age is close at hand, it seems wise to explore in earnest the causative dynamics in order that we may enable ourselves to live with these now increasing 'fringe' events. In this scene, the electric sun stands at the center, because no other factor that is known, can cause the enormous climate fluctuations for which reliable evidence exists.
A fusion-powered sun, that is deemed an invariable constant, would never be able to cause the large Dansgaard_Oeschger fluctuations. Large changes in galactic cosmic-ray flux are sometimes believed to have caused the ice ages, by producing ever-denser cloud formations.
(81 Rebuffed by the ice core samples )
But this notion too, that ice ages are the result of massive cloud formations is rebuffed by the ice core samples, too. The samples show that snow accumulation, which correspond with cloudiness, drops off to very low levels during the ice age glaciation periods. The electric sun literally remains standing as the only logical causative factor.
(82 Dynamics of the electric-Sun )
Unfortunately, this single, most critical factor for the future of humanity on Earth - of the dynamics of the electric-Sun - is too poorly understood with almost no efforts being made to advance the scientific understanding on this front of research. Instead, the electric-sun theory, which stands on monumental evidence, is being slandered or deemed not to exist.
The intensity of the slander gives us an indication of the vast extend of the challenge that stands before humanity to prepare itself for the coming ice age environment in a colder world with a dimmer Sun.
The critical time to begin the preparations is now. Thirty years from now may be too late
(83 As soon as 30 years from now )
The transition event in which the Sun becomes inactive could potentially be happening as soon as 30 years from now, according to the current trends. This means that our future is determined in the present by our actions to prepare our world for the needs ahead, or by our inaction and the resulting consequences.
We should live with our eyes on the future, both for the challenges it presents and for the opportunities it offers if we respond to the challenges.
(84 We create our future )
We create our future. Our world will be what we make it to be. If we step up to the ice age challenge, as daunting as it may appear to be, we will create a new civilization for us, with great potentials attached. This outcome is assured by our scientific and technological capability.
If however, we fail to step up to the plate? Well, then the consequences are unimaginable.
(85 The electric-sun theory )
The electric-sun theory is fundamental about almost everything that is related to living on earth. While we cannot control the forces that affect the Sun, we can utilize the rich energy streams that those forces offer.
(86 The electric-Sun reality )
One of the gifts that the electric-Sun reality invariably offers to humanity, when we come to understand it more fully, is a gift that has been long desired.
The electric Sun reality places enormous electric energy resources at our feet and renders them accessible. These resources have always been there, of course, but they have never been recognized before, for which they remained unused.
The vast scope of these available resources, which we have seen the effects of, but never the cause for them, dwarves our puny human needs.
(87 A glimpse of the electric power resources )
In order to gain a glimpse of the vast scope of the electric power resources that the galaxy supplies to the solar system, it may be useful to consider a few examples of extremely large historic effects that appear to have occurred in times when the Sun was intensely active.
(88 Grand Canyon in Arizona )
By our considering some of the very large examples of electric effects, we can get a sense of the enormous scope of the cosmic electric system that operates in the universe, which appear too immense to be credible at first glance. The wonders that we see, like the Grand Canyon in Arizona that was evidently carved during the electrically more-powerful times, suggest that even in the 'lean' time for the Sun, such as we presently have, all of humanity's comparatively small needs will be met with ease.
We will probably come never even close to utilizing the available galactic electric energy resources.
Thus, no matter how harsh and energy-lean the future Ice Age will become, including during the solar inactive times, vast as yet unconsidered energy resources will nevertheless lay at our feet that will always be available to us if we care to access them.
We tend to think too small when it comes to envisioning the scope of the cosmic electric energy, in terms of available resources and effects.
(89 The canyon was electrically carved )
The example that you see is merely a portion of the Grand Canyon in Arizona. The canyon is 446 kilometers long, 29 kilometers wide, and up to 6000 feet deep. Contrary to popular belief, the canyon was not carved by water erosion over millions of years. Evidence suggests that the entire canyon was electrically carved out of the landscape in less than 10 minutes by electric currents flowing from the Sun while the Earth slowly rotated beneath the active current streams.
Examples on this scale are symptomatic of the enormously rich electric energy resources that we have within our reach to develop. Thus, the brightest future imaginable lays before us.
(90 This video exploration )
This video exploration, with its focus on planetary electric links with the Sun, reflected in the sunspots, and dynamics of the sunspots, is intended as an introduction to the rich energy resources that we have available in interplanetary space for our future if we care to reach for them.