Contrasting Dual Definition

The contrasting, or vertical dual definitions are presented in the Glossary in single paragraph, but divided into two separate sentences.

Strong Contrast



Mortal belief and knowledge obtained from the five corporeal senses; the pride of power and the power of pride; sensuality; envy; oppression; tyranny. 

Home, heaven.


Spiritual foundation; Truth. 

Coldness and stubbornness.


Inspiration; understanding. 

Error; fornication; temptation; passion.


The reflected animation of Life, Truth, and Love. 

Blind enthusiasm; mortal will.


That which indicates the might of omnipotence and the movements of God's spiritual government, encompassing all things. 

Destruction; anger; mortal passions.


The idea of Truth; justice. 

Revenge; anger.


Spiritual foundation and superstructure; inspiration; spiritual strength. 

Emptiness; unfaithfulness; desolation.

(note: this term is actually a special type of vertical dual definition, that is super-imposed by the "son of a year" concept - described below)

The Son of God, the Messiah or Christ. 

The son of man, the offspring of the flesh.

"Son of a year."

The wide vertical separation that we find in these definitions represent the operation of Christian Science that reaches deep into the mortal, physical belief structure and overturns erroneous perception, thereby healing the sick and other forms of physical deprivation, including the tragedies of war, poverty, and imperial domination. It is interesting in this respect to note the contrast in the metaphors in Christ and Christmas between the elements pertaining to the 1st and 4th rows, and also between these elements of the Church Manual.



Soft Contrast


Loneliness; doubt; darkness. 

Spontaneity of thought and idea; the vestibule in which a material sense of things disappears, and spiritual sense unfolds the great facts of existence.


Firmness and constancy; not a faltering nor a blind faith, but the perception of spiritual Truth. 

Mortal thoughts, illusion.


A corporeal mortal embracing duplicity, repentance, sensualism.

Inspiration; the revelation of Science, in which the so-called material senses yield to the spiritual sense of Life and Love.


The spiritual thoughts and representatives of Life, Truth, and Love. 

Sensual and mortal beliefs; counterfeits of creation, whose better originals are God's thoughts, not in embryo, but in maturity; material suppositions of life, substance, and intelligence, opposed to the Science of being.


Contribution; tenth part; homage; gratitude. 

A sacrifice to the gods.

Benjamin (Jacob's son). 

A physical belief as to life, substance, and mind; human knowledge, or so-called mortal mind, devoted to matter; pride; envy; fame; illusion; a false belief; error masquerading as the possessor of life, strength, animation, and power to act.

Renewal of affections; self-offering; an improved state of mortal mind; the introduction of a more spiritual origin; a gleam of the infinite idea of the infinite Principle; a spiritual type; that which comforts, consoles, and supports.


The motive-power of error; mortal belief; animal power. 

The might and wisdom of God.

"For this is the will of God." (I Thessalonians iv. 3.)

Will, as a quality of so-called mortal mind, is a wrongdoer; hence it should not be confounded with the term as applied to Mind or to one of God's qualities.


In the Hebrew, this term is sometimes employed as a title, which has the inferior sense of master, or ruler. 

In the Greek, the word kurios almost always has this lower sense, unless specially coupled with the name God. 

Its higher signification is Supreme Ruler.

The lower level concepts in this Type 2b category of duality are all concepts that become obsolete and invalid when human thinking becomes uplifted through the spiritualization of thought.