NAWAPA XXII Ice Age Alliance (iaa) 

Escape From Fiction to Freedom


Ten-fold CO2 Increase Needed


 

 Rolf Witzsche
researcher, author, producer, and publisher



The ecological system of the Earth is in the long-term danger of collapsing for the lack of CO2, unless humanity intervenes and enriches the atmosphere of the earth by increasing its CO2 density. Carbon dioxide, called CO2 in chemistry, is the stuff that all life on the planet depends on.

CO2 used to be richly present in the atmosphere in geologic times going back half a billion years and more. It was created and then consumed, and was recreated several times thereafter and then consumed again to the present extremely low level (see illustration). The CO2 density has dropped so low that the ecological system of the Earth now exists in a semi-starvation mode. The starvation is so severe that simply doubling the CO2 density in the air enables a 50% increase in plant growth, and if the density drops below half the present level, plants die. We are that close to the edge of a very real ecological collapse, because during Ice Age conditions, for which the transition has already begun towards the next cycle, the CO2 density is known to have fallen many times below the critical level where the ecological collapse happens.

During the long history of life on our planet spanning more than half a billion years, atmospheric CO2 concentrations are known to have been tens of times greater than what we have today, more than 50 times greater as some research suggests. Life became explosive in its expansion in these early times with rich atmospheres. 

Undeniably, CO2 is the stuff of life. All plants depend on it. They breathe it. They absorb CO2 from the air, and with the aid of its green chlorophyll molecules, powered by sunlight, the plants split the CO2 apart into oxygen and carbon. The carbon becomes thereby available to the plant to aid the production of its countless different molecules that the plant lives by and constructs itself with. The entire ecological system of the Earth exists on this basis in which the CO2 molecule in the air plays a super-critical nourishing role. It is the heart of the food chain for everything. 

Where the concentration is high on our planet, as in the polar oceans, life unfolds in abundance, and where it is low, life is sparse as in the tropical oceans. Life is so critically dependent on CO2 that it cannot exist without it, or with less than is absolutely required.

The interdependence, of course, is not unknown. Commercial greenhouse operators profit from this knowledge. They have discovered from common sense logic, without the aid of science that lags far behind in this field, that increased CO2 density in the air in their facilities produces increased plant growth. Inversely, they have noticed, perhaps accidentally, that if they allow the CO2 density to diminish below half the current level, the plants stop growing and then begin to die. These common experiences teach us that the Earth's ecological system is currently already operating in a critically CO2-starved environment. 

In other words, the present atmospheric CO2 density of 300 to 400 ppm is the bare minimum for plants to get by. That's not an efficient way to operate. It also means that we are dangerously close to the 200 ppm level, below which the ecological system falls apart. The prevailing CO2 concentration in the air is not primarily determined by how much CO2 is emitted into the atmosphere, but by the balance or imbalance in the global CO2 recycling system. About a third of the atmosphere is recycled through the biosphere and the oceans (see illustration). 

The CO2 balance in the atmosphere is climate sensitive. CO2 is more easily dissolved in cold waters near the polar regions, from where it is transported to the tropics by the Great Ocean Conveyor Belt (see illustration). 

When the temperatures increase and the waters rise, the waters cannot hold the high CO2 concentrations, whereby most of the CO2 flows back into the air. Similar dynamic systems operate on land. During the cold periods of the Ice Ages this balance is altered. More CO2 becomes absorbed and less released. The Antarctic Vostok ice core records show that the CO2 level had dropped well below the 200 mark for long periods during the cold parts of the glaciation (see illustration). 

With the recycling slowing down, the concentration may have been lower than that in the tropics that were ice free, but too poor for agriculture. The people coming through the ice ages had evidently extremely little to eat, except fish. That's why only a few million people have actually made it through the last Ice Age. Since we are in a transition period now, towards another Ice Age, the critical factor of CO2 starvation requires consideration.

Back in the times of the dinosaurs when the CO2 density was 10-times greater than it is today, the biological system was so enormously productive that gigantic creatures roamed the land that dwarf anything existing today in our starving ecological landscape. This rich environment is what we need to get back into in the near future to solve humanity's unfolding food crisis, and to protect the biosphere from its potential collapse during the coming Ice Age when the CO2 density frequently drops below the 200ppm level.

With the Ice Age transition now in progress much of the world's agriculture that supplies humanity's food is now increasingly stressed with severe weather and drought conditions, and this already while the trend has just begun. The time is over when we can rely on rainfall for agriculture. Plants need water to grow. They need it as critically as they need CO2 in abundance. The current food crisis might be overcome by simply doubling the CO2 concentration in the air, and to increase it beyond that to near the 10-fold level as in the days of the dinosaurs.

Technologically, adding 9 trillion tons of CO2 back into the atmosphere is achievable.  98% of the global CO2 exists dissolved in the oceans, almost 40 trillion tons of it. A quarter of it should be recoverable. This needs to be done. Considering the consequences of failing to do so, I would like to suggest that these types of critical projects will be done, and more than just these, like my NAWAPA-22 proposal. 

Highly CO2-enriched atmospheres in the order of 1000 ppm are already employed in commercial greenhouse operations in a routine manner. The enriched environment produces stronger plants of higher quality in shorter growing seasons and in a cost-effective manner. Environmental laws may not allow then to go further than this. It is presently unknown what the most efficient CO2 density is for different plant types and what the optimum global density would be. It may be as high as 3,000 to 4,000 ppm (see illustration a series). 

While it is certainly possible to place all agriculture under cover and supply it with a CO2 enriched atmosphere during the 90,000-year Ice Age glaciation cycle, such a radical approach would be foolish as it wouldn't protect the global ecological system from its impending CO2-starvation collapse. We have no real choice therefore in the matter, except to protect the entire ecological system with a CO2-enriched atmosphere, with our agriculture included.

The human biological system itself, is not adversely affected by the still 'low' CO2 concentration of 3,000 to 4,000 ppm. Such concentrations are not uncommon in under-ventilated buildings. The current industry standard for ventilation is 2,500 ppm. Poorly ventilated buildings may well exceed this level by a factor of two. Some people become slightly affected with drowsiness when the CO2 concentration reaches the 10,000 ppm level, which is extremely rarely encountered.

The extraction of CO2 from the oceans to enrich the atmosphere to where it needs to be can be accomplished with a self-powering process. If a long tube is extended into the deep oceans where the highest concentrations are located, so that the CO2-rich waters can be pumped up to the surface, the CO2 gasifies near the top where the pressure is removed. The process of CO2 expansion and re-gasification invariably makes the upwelling water lighter, whereby the entire process becomes self-powering once the process gets going. 

And so, over the space of a few years or decades the global CO2 density can be brought back up to where it should be, determined by research that has barely begun. 

Of course this critical project won't get off the ground for as long as the myth rules that CO2 is a dangerous greenhouse gas, for which 100 million people are murdered each year in the greatest silent holocaust of all times by the mass-burning of food as biofuels in order to keep the CO2 concentration low, for which also the global economy is being destroyed. 

Ironically, the ecological movement, or the Green Movement as it is often called, which declares CO2 to be a climate villain and aims to curtail all human emissions, regardless of the genocidal consequences, actually aims with its opposition in the opposite direction than what it hopes to achieve. It aims to protect the ecological system of the Earth, while in doing so it actually endangers it by blocking the CO2 enrichment that can prevent the potential CO2-starvation collapse in the coming glaciation period. And so, I would suggest that we will also see a new Green Movement emerging that is actually interested in protecting and empowering the global ecology once the CO2 climate fiction is wearing thin, as it inevitably will.

I would like to suggest further that the horrendous genocidal insanity that drives the CO2 climate-fiction is just a temporary fad that will evaporate like a puff of smoke in a storm. After it is gone, by which humanity's enslavement to the murderous fictions ends, a new age of freedom will dawn in which the current murderous insanities are remembered no more in the dynamics of a renaissance unfolding.

The physical facts in all of this  are rather simple. 

It is a fact that CO2 is NOT affecting the global climate in the present, nor ever has in the past, or ever will in the future, even when it becomes enriched ten-fold. (See: Global Warming Impossible) However, increasing the CO2 density ten-fold, which will be achieved in the future when insanity is vanquished, will immensely affect the biosphere. It will protect it against biological starvation in the coming Ice Age, and it will empower it in the near future as soon as the enrichment process begins, to become more productive across the world than we have ever experienced it to be, and enable thereby a more productive agriculture. Once we get to this point a whole new horizon of amazing opportunities will unfold that I have proposed under the heading NAWAPA-22, with boundless freshwater resources, energy resources, and brand new materials that are lighter and stronger than steel and exists in near infinite abundance.

 Once we get into this new mode of development we will see new cities springing up, with new industries, and with high quality free houses produced by the millions, which we have the capability already to produce today if we care to do so as a cultural 'investment' by society into itself. The enrichment of the global ecology with a CO2-enrich atmosphere will then be just a small item on a wide horizon, and will then be taken for granted.

Rolf Witzsche
researcher, author, producer, and publisher

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