to the LPAC discussion at:
The 'gravity-only' cosmology envisions the galaxies as gravity-bound systems of stars orbiting the galactic center like the planets of the solar system orbit the Sun. Johannes Kepler discovered back in the early 1600s the principle of the gravitational dynamics of the planets relative to their gravitational center. His three laws of planetary motions describe a system in which the more distant planets orbit the Sun at a slower speed than those that are closer. He developed his Third Law of Planetary Motions from these observations. This difference in orbital speeds in our solar system is large. It is almost 10:1 between the innermost and outermost planets. The difference results from the natural characteristic of the force of gravity that diminishes with the square of the distance. This means that the Sun has a weaker hold on the distant planets that limits the maximum orbital speed or else the centrifugal force of the planet's orbit would cause the planet to escape the solar system. That's what Kepler discovered. However, the observed stellar motions in our galaxy do not accord with Kepler's laws. Their speed to distance relationship is nearly opposite in nature to the laws that Kepler discovered.
The resulting paradox leaves one with only two options: To deny Kepler's discoveries as being lawful, or to take the "leap" above deductions drawn from sensory perceptions to the recognition of a different universal force operating at the stellar level with principles that are reflected in the observed motions and accord with what can be observed. This leap in perception is the type that sets Einstein apart from those who are trapped into deductions based on quantum physics. The same type of "leap" remains yet to be achieved in cosmology.
Einstein's "leap" changed the perceived landscape of physics. When the same "leap" is acknowledged in stellar cosmology, then the perceived 'landscape' unfolds with a revolutionary difference. If we had the sensory apparatus to observe the stars of the galaxies over the span of a few hundred million years, we would see their motions to be not orbital, but to reflect the principles inherent in Birkeland currents.
It takes a huge leap into the sensory unknown, to acknowledge what only the mind developed in science can 'see.' Once this leap is accomplished, a whole new world comes to light with revolutionary implications for energy, economics, technology, and civilization. Let's hope this video brings us closer to the realization of the resulting new renaissance that lays before us within our grasp, instead of the ongoing denial of Kepler.
Published by Cygni Communications Ltd. North Vancouver, BC, Canada - (C) in public domain - producer Rolf A. F. Witzsche